Trakia motorway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Tabliczka RO A1.svg

Trakia motorway
Автомагистрала „Тракия“
Trakia motorway highlighted in red and yellow
Route information
Length: 360 km (220 mi)
Major junctions
From: Sofia
To: Burgas
Location
Major cities: Pazardzhik, Plovdiv, Stara Zagora, Yambol
Highway system
Motorways in Bulgaria

The Trakia motorway (Bulgarian: Aвтомагистрала „Тракия“, Avtomagistrala "Trakiya") or Thrace motorway, designated A1, is a motorway in Bulgaria. It connects the capital city of Sofia, the city of Plovdiv and the city of Burgas on the Black Sea coast. The motorway is named after the historical region of Thrace, the northern (Bulgarian) part of which it spans from west to east. The total length of Trakia motorway is 360 km (220 mi) and the final section opened on 15 July 2013[1] after 40 years of construction.[2]

Trakia motorway connects with the Sofia ring road to the west allowing fast access to the A2 Hemus motorway and A6 Lyulin motorway. Future interchanges with the planned Kalotina motorway and Sofia Northern Bypass motorway are expected to ease the main transit traffic around Sofia.

At its east end Trakia motorway will merge with the planned A5 Cherno More motorway providing fast access from the south to the city of Varna and the beach resorts on the Black Sea.

A4 Maritsa motorway (currently under construction) linking Trakia motorway with the border crossing with Turkey at Kapitan Andreevo branches off at Orizovo Interchange located at kilometer 169. The interchange is situated between Plovdiv and Chirpan, roughly 5 km north of Parvomay.

History[edit]

The construction of the motorway began in 1973 and the first 10 km from Sofia to Novi Han entered in service in 1978. In 1984 the motorway reached Plovdiv, the second largest city in Bulgaria. In 1995 a 32 km section between Plovdiv and Plodovitovo interchange was completed with EBRD co-financing.[3] In 2000 EIB loan was secured for the construction of two sections, between Orizovo interchange and Stara Zagora (lot 1), and lot 5, between Karnobat and Burgas, fourth largest city, situated at the Black sea coast. The motorway reached Stara Zagora in 2007, and lot 5 entered in service in 2006.

Meanwhile, in 2005 a controversial concession contract was signed by the Bulgarian government and a Portuguese-led consortium.[4] The concession was granted for 35 years without tender procedure and included 433 km from the Serbian border, at Kalotina border checkpoint, to Burgas. However, the contract was cancelled in 2008 and the sections between Stara Zagora and Karnobat (lots 2, 3 and 4) were approved for EU funds financing.

In 2009 and 2010, tenders for the construction of Stara Zagora - Nova Zagora, Nova Zagora - Yambol-west interchange, and Yambol-west interchange - Karnobat sections, totalling 116.8 km, were conducted and contracts were signed. The sections between Stara Zagora and Yambol-east interchange opened to traffic in mid-2012, while the last remaining section between Yambol-east interchange and Karnobat interchange was completed on 15 July 2013.[5]

Exits[edit]

Exit km Destinations Notes
AB-grün.svg AB-AS-blau.svg 0 Sofia ring road, Tsarigradsko shose In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 5 Lozen, Ravno pole In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 5.5 Novi Han In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 24.4 Vakarel In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 35.2 Ihtiman-north In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 47.2 Ihtiman-south, Kostenets In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 61.7 Vetren In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 70 Tserovo, Velingrad In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 80.8 Kalugerovo, Dinkata In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 91 Pazardzhik, Panagyurishte In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 113 Tsalapitsa, Saedinenie In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 120 Plovdiv-west, Pamporovo (to and from west only) In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 122 Plovdiv-west, Pamporovo (to and from east only) In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 127 Plovdiv-north In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 134 Plovdiv-east In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 151 Belozem In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 166 Parvomay (from west only) In service
AB-AS-grün.svg 169 Mw A4 BG.svg (Haskovo/Dimitrovgrad; Istanbul Turkey; Greece) In service; A4 is U/C in certain sections
AB-AS-blau.svg 175 Chirpan In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 185 Chirpan In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 209 Stara Zagora E85 In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 240 Nova Zagora In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 276 Yambol-west In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 283 Rest area, Kabile In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 290 Yambol-east In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 326 Karnobat In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 352 Balgarovo, Neftochim oil refinery U/C
AB-ende-grün.svg AB-AS-blau.svg 360 Burgas, Vetren E87 In service

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]