Tralee

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Tralee
Trá Lí
Town
Roses in Tralee's town park
Roses in Tralee's town park
Coat of arms of Tralee
Coat of arms
Motto: Vis Unita Fortior  (Latin)
"United Strength is Stronger"
Tralee is located in Ireland
Tralee
Tralee
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°16′03″N 9°41′46″W / 52.2675°N 9.6962°W / 52.2675; -9.6962Coordinates: 52°16′03″N 9°41′46″W / 52.2675°N 9.6962°W / 52.2675; -9.6962
Country Ireland
Province Munster
County County Kerry
Kerry County Council LEA Tralee
Dáil Éireann Constituency Kerry North–West Limerick
EU Parliament South
Elevation 37 m (121 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Town 23,693[1]
 • Rank 13th
 • Density 739.2/km2 (1,915/sq mi)
 • Urban 4,885
 • Rural 18,808
Area code(s) (+353) 66
Irish Grid Reference Q828141
Website tralee.ie

Tralee (Irish: Trá Lí (formerly Tráigh Lí), meaning "strand of the Lee (river)") is the county town of County Kerry in the south-west of Ireland. The town is on the northern side of the neck of the Dingle Peninsula, and is the largest town in County Kerry. The town's population including suburbs was 23,693 in the 2011 census making it the 7th largest town, and 13th largest urban settlement in Ireland.[2] Tralee is famous for the Rose of Tralee International Festival which has been held annually in August since 1959.

History[edit]

1798 Pikeman Monument

Situated at the confluence of some small rivers and adjacent to marshy ground at the head of Tralee Bay, Tralee is located at the base of a very ancient roadway that heads south over the Slieve Mish Mountains. On this old track is located a large boulder sometimes called Scotia's Grave, reputedly the burial place of an Egyptian Pharaoh's daughter. The Norman town was founded in the 13th century by Anglo-Normans and was a stronghold of the Earls of Desmond. A medieval castle and Dominican order Friary were located in the town. John Fitz-Thomas FitzGerald, founded the monastery and was buried there in 1260.[3] The medieval town was burnt in 1580 in retribution for the Desmond Rebellions against Elizabeth I.

Tralee was granted to Edward Denny by Elizabeth I in 1587 and recognised by Royal Charter in 1613. Sir Edward was the first of the Dennys to settle in Tralee and from a recent history of Tralee by Gerald O'Carroll that only in 1627 did the Dennys actually occupy the castle of the earls of Desmond. Sir Edward's son was Arthur Denny, in whose lifetime the town's charter was granted by King James, containing the right to elect two members of parliament. The third settler, another Sir Edward, married Ruth Roper, whose father Thomas Roper was the lease holder of the Herbert estate centred on Castleisland. This Sir Edward was a royalist. He fought for the King in the wars of 1641. He died in 1646, before the triumph of Cromwell over affairs in England and Ireland. He granted "the circuit of the Abbey" to the corporation set up under the charter, in return for the fees of the town clerk. His son Arthur married Ellen Barry, granddaughter of Richard Boyle who during his life held many land titles in West Kerry and who also claimed property in Tralee. Sir Edward Denny, 4th Baronet was a notable landlord in his day: especially during the time of the Great Famine when instead of increasing his rents as so many landlords did at that time he maintained rents to suit his tenants. He was a notable Plymouth Brother.

The modern layout of Tralee was created in the 19th century. Denny Street, a wide Georgian street was completed in 1826 on the site of the old castle. A monument commemorating the 1798 rebellion plus the rebellions of 1803, 1848 and 1867 – a statue of a Pikeman - stands in Denny Street. First unveiled in 1905 the original Pikeman stood until the Irish War of Independence where in 1921 the Black and Tans dragged it from its pedestal and destroyed it. It wasn't until June 1939 that the current Pikeman was replaced by renowned Dublin sculptor Albert Power and unveiled by Maud Gonne who previously in 1902 unveiled the foundation stone of the original memorial.[4]

Tralee Courthouse was designed by Sir Richard Morrison and built in 1835. It has a monument of two cannons commemorating those Kerrymen who died in the Crimean War (1854–56) and the Indian Rebellion (1857). Tralee was also where the Royal Munster Fusiliers were based.[5]

The Tralee Ship Canal was built to accommodate larger ships sailing into Tralee as the existing quay in Blennerville was becoming unpractical due to silting while merchants in Tralee were not satisfied with its facilities. The House of Commons authorised an Act of Parliament in June 1829 for the canal with work beginning in 1832. Issues with funding meant that the canal was not completed until 1846 when it was opened. The canal was 2 miles long in length with a new canal basin built in Tralee, lock gates and a wooden swing bridge constructed in Blennerville. However not long after the canal opened it too began to suffer from silting. By the 1880s Fenit harbour was built which was a deep water harbour and did not suffer from silting. A railway line was constructed between the harbour and Tralee carrying cargo and freight from ships moored there. Eventually over time due to silting the canal fell into disuse and neglect; and was finally closed by the mid-20th Century. Following the restoration of Blennerville Windmill in the early 1990s it was envisaged that the canal could be restored as a tourist attraction. In 1999 the Office of Public Works (OPW) started a restoration project of the canal at a cost of IR£650,000. The basin area of the canal was subsequently redeveloped with apartments blocks built as part of a proposed marina while the towpath along the canal was upgraded and is now used by people as an enjoyable amenity as part of the Dingle Way[6][7][8]

The Dominican church of the Holy Cross was designed by the Irish Gothic Revival architect George Ashlin in 1866 and built by 1871.

The Mall in the early 1900s

Tralee saw much violence during the Irish War of Independence and Irish Civil War in 1919–1923. In November 1920, the Black and Tans besieged Tralee in revenge for the IRA abduction and killing of two Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) men. The Tans closed all the businesses in the town and did not let any food in for a week. In addition they burned several houses and all businesses connected with Irish Republican Army (IRA) activists. In the course of the week, they shot dead three local people. The incident caused major international outcry when reported by the press, who wrote that near famine conditions were prevailing in Tralee by the end of the week.

In August 1922, during the Irish Civil War, Irish Free State troops landed at nearby Fenit and then took Tralee from its Anti-Treaty garrison. Nine pro-Treaty and three anti-Treaty soldiers were killed in fighting in the town before the anti-Treaty forces withdrew. However the republicans continued a guerrilla campaign in the surrounding area. In March 1923 an infamous atrocity was carried out by Free State troops near Tralee when nine anti-treaty IRA prisoners were taken from the prison in Tralee and blown up with a land mine at nearby Ballyseedy.

The Ashe Memorial Hall built in 1928 sits at the end of Denny Street, dedicated to the memory of Thomas Ashe – an Irish Volunteers officer in the Easter Rising of 1916. The building is built of local sandstone and originally housed the headquarters of Kerry County Council and Tralee Urban District Council before both moved to new premises. Since 1992 it houses the Kerry County Museum and a reconstruction of early Tralee in 1450.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Tralee is, like the rest of Ireland, classified as a maritime temperate climate (Cfb) according to the Köppen climate classification system. Met Éireann maintains a climatological weather station at Valentia Island, 50 km south-west of the town. It is mild and changeable with abundant rainfall and a lack of temperature extremes. The hottest months of the year are July, August and September with temperatures of around 17 – 18 degrees Celsius. Tralee gets rainfall all year round and the wettest months are October, November, December and January.

Local government[edit]

Tralee had a town council with twelve members until the 2014 local elections were held on 23 May 2014. These elections were held following the changes effected by the Local Government Reform Act 2014. The act abolished town councils and introduced municipal districts. County Kerry was divided into four municipal districts, which are identical with the local electoral areas (LEA) used for election of Councillors. The Municipal District of Tralee has 9 seats on Kerry County Council with the following councillors returned after the Local Elections in 2014.

Council members from 2014 election
Local electoral area Name Party
Tralee Toiréasa Ferris Sinn Féin
Pa Daly Sinn Féin
Norma Foley Fianna Fáil
Terry O'Brien Labour Party
Jim Finucane Fine Gael
Pat McCarthy Fine Gael
Thomas McEllistrim Fianna Fáil
Graham Spring Labour Party
Sam Locke Independent

Places of interest[edit]

Tralee is a tourism destination and has seen some €55 million of tourism investment over the past several years.

The town has developed a range of visitor attractions.

  • Kerry County Museum: incorporating the theme park 'Kerry: The Kingdom' and an exhibit which depicts life in medieval Geraldine Tralee.
  • Siamsa Tíre: Ireland's National Folk Theatre, offering traditional music and plays in Irish.
  • Blennerville Windmill: located about 2 km outside the town, Ireland's largest functioning windmill.
  • Tralee Aquadome: A large indoor water leisure facility with a mini-golf course.
  • Ballyseedy Wood: Is located 2 km outside Tralee off the N21. It consists of 32 ha of woodland dating back from the 16th century where Kerry County Council have developed public entrances at the north and south of the wood with car parks and 4 km of gravelled looped pathways. Ash, Oak and Beech trees are part of the wood as are a number of ruins and folllies, dating back to the 17th century, with the River Lee (from which Tralee takes its name) forming the woodlands northern boundary.[14][15]
  • Tralee Town Park: Tralee has a town park located in the town centre (opposite the Kerry County Museum) with a rose garden comprising over 5,000 roses of different varieties. The park is the location for the annual Féile na mBláth / Tralee Garden Festival - a free midsummer weekend festival comprising gardening demonstrations, flower arranging, garden tours, musical and choral events among other activities, organised by Tralee Town Council.[16]
  • Tralee Bay Wetlands and Nature Reserve: Tralee Bay Nature Reserve is a site of considerable international importance. It covers some 2,500 ha (8,000 acres) and stretches from Tralee town westwards to Fenit Harbour and Cloghane, encompassing Tralee Bay, Brandon Bay and the Magharees Peninsula. It includes extensive mudflats at the eastern end, the beaches of Derrymore Island, the sand dunes and lagoons of the Magharees Peninsula. Both the River Lee and Brandon (Owenmore) estuaries feature wide expanses of sheltered intertidal flats, often fringed with saltmarsh vegetation. The Wetlands Centre which opened in 2012 is designed as a microcosm of the wild nature reserve where visitors are introduced to the fresh and saltwater habitats. Visitors can travel on a safari boat ride through the recreated reed and freshwater channels in the centre.[17]
  • Tralee Ship Canal: Opened in 1846, this 2 mile long canal connects Tralee to Tralee Bay where it passes by Blennerville Windmill. The Dingle Way runs along the towpath of the canal.
  • Kerry Camino: A walk modelled on the Camino de Santiago walk of Northern Spain that follows a route Tralee to Dingle and invites participants to walk in the footsteps of Saint Brendan the Navigator.

Rose of Tralee[edit]

The Rose of Tralee festival is an international competition which is celebrated among Irish communities all over the world. The festival, held annually in August since 1959, takes its inspiration from a nineteenth-century ballad of the same name about a woman called Mary, who because of her beauty was called The Rose of Tralee. The contest, which is broadcast over two nights by RTÉ is one of the highest viewed shows on Irish television with over a million people watching.

Archaeological sites[edit]

  • Casement's Fort: an ancient Ring Fort where Roger Casement was hiding when arrested.
  • Sheela na gig: now located in the Christian Round Tower at Rattoo, Ballyduff, a few kilometres north of Tralee.
  • Monument to Saint Brendan the Navigator at Fenit: with reproductions of ancient Irish structures.
  • Caherconree: Iron Age Fort overlooking Tralee Bay

In addition to the above, a considerable number of archaeological sites around Tralee and throughout the County of Kerry, especially ring-forts, are listed for preservation in the Kerry County Development Plan 2009–15.[18]

Media[edit]

  • The town has two local weekly newspapers, The Kerryman and The Kerry's Eye while the Tralee Outlook and Tralee Advertiser are also published weekly.
  • The town has a commercial radio station, Radio Kerry, which commenced operations in 1990.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Tralee is served by National Primary and Secondary roads as well as local routes. A 13.5 km bypass of Tralee consisting of dual and single carriageway sections was opened on the 16 August 2013. The bypass connects four of the five national routes — the N21, N22, N69 and N70 — which terminate in Tralee.[19][20]

N21/N69 Tralee Bypass

National primary routes:

National secondary routes:

Regional roads:

Bus[edit]

The bus station in Tralee is a regional hub for Bus Éireann, providing services to Dublin, Limerick, Galway, Cork, Killarney and Dingle. The current bus station opened on the 26 February 2007.[21]

Rail[edit]

Tralee railway station

A train service to Killarney railway station, Cork and Dublin Heuston is operated by the national railway operator Iarnród Éireann. Tralee railway station was opened on 18 July 1859.[22]

There are connecting trains at Limerick Junction for Clonmel railway station and Waterford as well as Limerick, and along the line to Ennis, Athenry, Oranmore and Galway.

The Tralee and Dingle Light Railway was once one of Europe's most western railways when it opened on 31 March 1891 connecting Tralee and Dingle by rail along the Dingle Peninsula before closing in June 1953. In 1993 a 3 km section was reopened as a preserved line between the Aquadome in Tralee and Blennerville Windmill. As of 2013 this railway is no longer in operation. A railway used to operate to Fenit Harbour from Tralee before closing in June 1978. Currently a section of this railway has been restored as a walk/cycle way in the Tralee urban area and it is hoped in the future that this will extend out to Fenit along the lines of the Great Southern Trail situated in West Limerick.

Air[edit]

Kerry Airport

Kerry Airport, located 20 km from Tralee in Farranfore, provides air services to Dublin, London Luton, London Stansted, Frankfurt-Hahn and seasonally, Alicante and Faro. Connecting trains run from Farranfore railway station to Tralee.

Sea[edit]

The local port for Tralee is Fenit, about 10 km west of the town on the north side of the estuary. Catering for ships of up to 17,000 tonnes, the port is a picturesque mixed-use harbour with fishing boats and a thriving marina (136 berths).

Healthcare[edit]

Education[edit]

In common with all parts of Ireland, most schools at all levels in Tralee are managed and owned by the churches. Tralee Educate Together School is multidenominational, and is neither owned nor managed by any church. At secondary level most schools are explicitly Roman Catholic in ethos, except Gaelcholáiste Chiarraí.

Primary level[edit]

  • CBS (Scoil na mBráithre), Clounalour (Roman Catholic)
  • Gaelscoil Mhic Easmainn, Rath Rónáin (Irish language – Roman Catholic)
  • Holy Family, Balloonagh (Roman Catholic)
  • Presentation Primary School (Sacred Heart), Castle Street (Roman Catholic)
  • St Ita's and St Joseph's, Balloonagh (Special Needs – Roman Catholic)
  • St John's, Ashe Street (Church of Ireland)
  • St John's, Balloonagh (Roman Catholic)
  • St Mary's, Moyderwell (Roman Catholic)
  • Tralee Educate Together, Killeen (Non-denominational)

Secondary level[edit]

  • Brookfield College, Killeen (Non-denominational)
  • Gaelcholáiste Chiarraí, Tobar Mhaigh Dor (Irish language)
  • Mercy Secondary School, Mounthawk (Roman Catholic)
  • Presentation Secondary School, Castle Street (Roman Catholic)
  • St Ita's and St Joseph's, Balloonagh (Special Needs – Roman Catholic)
  • St Mary's CBS (The Green) (Roman Catholic)
  • Tralee Community College, Clash, Second Level and Post Leaving Certificate College

Third level[edit]

  • Institute of Technology, Tralee (ITT or IT Tralee) is the main third level institution in County Kerry. It was established in 1977 as the Regional Technical College, Tralee but acquired its present name in 1997. It has an enrolment of about 3,500 students studying in areas such as business, computing, science, engineering and health. The Institute has two campuses- the North campus (opened in Dromtacker in 2001) and the South campus (opened in Clash in 1977) which are approximately 2.4 km (1.5 mi) apart.

Sport[edit]

Gaelic Athletic Association[edit]

Kerry Gaelic Football Memorial at Mile Height

Athletics[edit]

  • Tralee Harriers Athletics Club
  • Tralee Triathlon Club was formed in 1999.

Soccer[edit]

Rugby[edit]

  • Tralee Rugby Football Club ground is in Ballyard.

Tennis[edit]

  • Tralee Tennis Club is based on the Dan Spring Road.

Badminton[edit]

  • County Badminton Club meet in the Presentation Secondary School Gym.

Cricket[edit]

  • County Kerry Cricket Club

Greyhound Racing[edit]

  • Tralee Greyhound Racing has a stadium on Brewery Road.

Cycling[edit]

  • The Chain Gang Cycling Club is a Tralee based cycling club founded in 2008.
  • Tralee Bicycle Club was founded in 1992.
  • Tralee Cycling Club, the oldest of the three, was founded in 1953.

Basketball[edit]

  • St. Brendan's Basketball Club play in the national leagues.
  • Tralee Imperial
  • Tralee Tigers

Golf[edit]

  • Tralee Golf Club is based in Barrow and the Arnold Palmer designed course is consistently voted one of the top links in the world.

Pitch and Putt[edit]

  • Tralee Pitch and Putt Club is located at Collis Sandes House in Killeen.

Rowing, Sailing and Swimming[edit]

  • Kingdom Swimming Club are based at the Sports Complex in Tralee.
  • Tralee Bay Sailing Club based in Fenit.
  • Tralee Rowing Club was founded in 2004 and is located at the Basin.
  • Tralee Bay Swimming Club based in Fenit.

Notable people[edit]

Notable Tralee people include:

Twinning[edit]

Tralee is twinned with the following places:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census 2011 – Population Classified by Area Table 6 Population of each province, county, city, urban area, rural area and electoral division, 2006 and 2011, p.97
  2. ^ "Tralee Legal Town Results". Central Statistics Office. 2011. 
  3. ^ Genealogical and family history of northern New York
  4. ^ http://www.historyireland.com/18th-19th-century-history/the-pikeman-of-tralee-a-tale-of-continuity-and-change/
  5. ^ Harris, Major Henry Edward David (1968). The Irish regiments in the First World War. Mercier Press. pp. 216–217 Appendix II). 
  6. ^ http://www.focuskerry.com/james/canal.html
  7. ^ http://www.askaboutireland.ie/learning-zone/primary-students/looking-at-places/kerry/kerry-transport/tralee-ship-canal/
  8. ^ http://debates.oireachtas.ie/dail/1999/01/27/00439.asp
  9. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  10. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  11. ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  12. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  13. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. Volume 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. 
  14. ^ http://www.ballygarryhouse.com/ballyseedy-wood.html
  15. ^ http://www.askaboutireland.ie/reading-room/greening-communities/going-greener/biodiversity/biodiversity-woodland-dev/
  16. ^ http://townmaps.ie/tralee.html
  17. ^ http://www.traleebaywetlands.org/about.html
  18. ^ "Kerry County Council – County Development Plan 2009–2015". Kerry County Council. 
  19. ^ http://www.kerrycoco.ie/en/allservices/roads/n22traleebypass/thefile,7358,en.pdf
  20. ^ http://www.dttas.ie/press-releases/2013/varadkar-welcomes-opening-%E2%82%AC97m-tralee-bypass
  21. ^ http://www.transport.ie/viewitem.asp?id=8863&lang=ENG&loc=2137
  22. ^ "Tralee station". Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 4 September 2007. 
  23. ^ a b Lucey, Anne (23 May 2011). "Former editor of 'Kerry's Eye' dies". The Irish Times. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  24. ^ "Tralee Twins with Westlake, Ohio –". Town of Tralee. 

External links[edit]