|Fred Trammel Crow|
Mr. and Mrs. Trammel Crow
June 10, 1914|
Dallas, Texas, USA
|Died||January 14, 2009
|Cause of death||Alzheimer's disease|
|Resting place||Texas State Cemetery in Austin, Texas|
|Alma mater||Southern Methodist University|
|Occupation||Real estate developer; Art collector|
|Spouse(s)||Margaret Doggett Crow (married c. 1942-2009, his death)|
Fred Trammell Crow (June 10, 1914 – January 14, 2009) was an American real estate developer from Dallas, Texas. He is credited with the creation of several major real estate projects, including the Dallas Market Center, Peachtree Center in Atlanta, Georgia, and the Embarcadero Center in San Francisco, California.
A native of Dallas, Crow as a child and later as an adolescent earned money through a series of odd jobs, including plucking chickens, cleaning bricks, and unloading boxcars, a task which he began at the age of ten until his father forbade it. He was the fifth of eight children reared in a rented one-bedroom house off Fitzhugh Street in East Dallas. His father, Jefferson Crow, worked as a bookkeeper for Collett Munger – one of Dallas' early real estate developers and the builder of Munger Place subdivision. Unable to attend college at the time because of the Great Depression, Crow worked after high school at odd jobs. In 1933, Crow landed a job for about $13 a week as a runner for Mercantile National Bank in Dallas.
After completing Woodrow Wilson High School in 1932, he worked for a Dallas bank and attended night school in accounting at Southern Methodist University. Upon graduation in 1938, he was at the age of twenty-four the youngest CPA in Texas. He then worked for three years as a Certified Public Accountant before joining the United States Navy in 1940. He utilized his background in accounting and was offered a commission auditing the books of defense contractors. After World War II, he remained with the Navy for another year to handle final settlements with its contractors. He then returned to Dallas and saw opportunities for the growth of the city. He became an agent for North American Van Lines, a moving company. Shortly thereafter, he worked as a wholesale grain merchandiser, tripled the sizes of the warehouses, and erected new loading facilities. Once the grain business faded, he switched at the age of thirty-three to the burgeoning field of warehouse real estate development.
Crow built his first warehouse in 1948 and leased it to Ray-O-Vac Battery Company. The warehouse was larger than what Ray-O-Vac needed, and Crow was able to seek additional tenants. He convinced Decca Records to sign for the leftover space, and began a career as a "speculative builder." This field was a new concept in property development, one in which builders typically designed construction to meet the expressed needs of one specific company, then leased the entire space to that company after the building was in place.
He continued from his start with a single-story warehouse on the banks of the Trinity River in the late 1940s. In partnerships with John M. Stemmons, he became one of the largest developers in the Trinity River Industrial Park. By the middle 1950s, Crow was Dallas' largest warehouse builder.
His company's skyscrapers – including Dallas' 50-story Trammell Crow Center and the 53-story Chase Tower – reshaped skylines in the 1980s in cities stretching from Charlotte, North Carolina, to Atlanta, San Francisco and San Diego, California.
Trammell Crow Company
By 1970, Crow had developed Trammell Crow Company into a nationwide organization, another innovation in a field that was, at the time, dominated strictly by local builders.
Crow once had interests in nearly 300,000,000 square feet (28,000,000 m2) of developed real estate, comprising eight thousand properties in more than one hundred cities. Crow's holdings were said to be much larger than those of the better-known William Zeckendorf and Donald Trump and include hotels, hospitals, residential developments, and — just as in the early days of the company — warehouses. The Austin Business Journal said in its profile of TCC, "When compared to Trammell Crow, other real estate companies are for the birds." Yahoo! Finance, in an oddly similar metaphor, said in its company profile: "It takes a tough bird to succeed in the real estate business, and Trammell Crow Company is one of the cocks of the walk." Calling the organization "one of the top diversified real estate management companies in the US," the profile estimates that the company manages nearly 550,000,000 square feet (51,000,000 m2) of warehouse, service center, and retail space in the United States and Canada.
The Trammell Crow Company was privately held until 1997, when it went public on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the symbol TCC. In 2006, the firm was sold to CB Richard Ellis group (NYSE:CBG) for approximately $2.2 billion.
Trammell Crow was an enthusiastic collector of East Asian art. His son, Trammell S. Crow, went to Yale University with Alex Kerr, and sometimes later after Kerr was more established, he became an art purchaser in Tokyo for the Trammell Crow Company at the behest of his father.
In 1989, Crow was an original inductee of the Woodrow Wilson High School Hall of Fame, which was established in connection with the school's sixtieth anniversary.
Crow was instrumental in bringing to Dallas the 1984 Republican National Convention, which renominated U.S. President Ronald W. Reagan and Vice President George Herbert Walker Bush. He and his wife, the former Margaret Doggett, were avid collectors of Asian art, for which they established a museum, The Trammell & Margaret Crow Collection of Asian Art. This private museum, is open to the public without charge. It is located on Flora Street in the Arts District of downtown Dallas.
At the time of his death, Crow was married to his wife of sixty-six years. The couple has six surviving children: Lucy C. Billingsley, Robert Crow, Harlan Crow, Howard Crow, Stuart Crow, and Trammell S. Crow. The Crows have sixteen grandchildren and three great-grandchildren.
Late in life, Crow began suffering from Alzheimer's disease. Crow died in his sleep at his ranch near Tyler in East Texas on January 14, 2009. He is interred at the Texas State Cemetery in Austin, Texas.
- William Bragg Ewald, Jr. "How Trammell Crow hit the real estate jackpot", Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce, December 15, 2005
- Real Estate Lessons from Trammell Crow, NewsBlaze.com
- Sobel, Robert. Trammell Crow, Master Builder: the story of America's largest real estate empire. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- Trammell Crow Co. profile, Austin Business Journal (Austin, Texas). Retrieved June 9, 2007.
- Trammell Crow Company: Company Profile, Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved June 9, 2007.
- Trammell Crow to buy HealthSouth headquarters, Dallas Business Journal, June 4, 2007
- Kerr, Alex (1994). Lost Japan. Lonely Planet. ISBN 978-1-74179-523-3.
- Brown, Steve. "Legendary Dallas real estate developer Trammell Crow dies." The Dallas Morning News. Friday January 16, 2009. Retrieved on December 16, 2009.
- "Renowned Texas developer Trammell Crow dies." Associated Press at Houston Chronicle. January 15, 2009. Retrieved on December 16, 2009.
- Robert Sobel. Trammell Crow, Master Builder.
- Willam Bragg Ewald, Jr., Trammell Crow: A Legacy of Real Estate Business Innovation.