Trams in Basel
|Basel tramway network|
|A BLT tram in Basel.|
|Website||Basler Verkehrs-Betriebe (German)|
The Basel tramway network (German: Basler Strassenbahn-Netz) is a network of tramways forming part of the public transport system in Basel, a city in Switzerland, and its two associated cantons. It consists of 13 lines. Due to its longevity (the network is now more than a century old), it is part of Basel's heritage, and, alongside the Basel Minster, is one of the symbols of the city.
BVB is owned by, and operates in, Basel-Stadt, the small canton containing the inner city. Its green trams operate mostly in the city, although the termini of its lines 3 and 6 are in the more rural canton of Basel-Land.
BLT is owned by Basel-Land, and its yellow and red trams operate in the outer suburbs to the south of Basel. However, the three lines it operates, lines 10, 11 and 17, all also run over BVB track in central Basel. In addition line 14, while owned by BLT, is operated by BVB well into Basel-Land.
The network grew quickly. In 1897, six new sections were put in service, with one linking Basel and Birsfelden.
From that year until 1936, at least one section of the network was modified each year. In 1934, upon the opening of a new section of line from Margarethenstr. to Binningen, the network reached its greatest length of 72 km (45 mi).
During the two World Wars, services were suspended on the parts of the line extending beyond Switzerland's borders. After World War II, several lines were closed. In 1958, the total length of the network's routes was 51.7 km (32.1 mi).
In 1974, the several companies that had been operating the suburban lines were merged to form the new company bearing the name Baselland Transport AG (BLT).
The Basel tram network is unusual in crossing international borders.
Line 10 to Rodersdorf runs via Leymen in France. For customs purposes the trains operate through France as transit trains. Passengers remaining on the train are not subject to customs rules. Passengers may only get on or off the train in Leymen if they only have goods within the customs limits.
Line 8, which currently ends at Kleinhüningen, is being extended across the border to Weil-am-Rhein station, in Germany. This extension is due to open in late 2014.
- "Geschichte (history)". Baselland Transport. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- "Fahrplan & Netz - Haltestellenfahrplan 13/14" [Timetable & Network - Stops Timetable '13/'14] (in German). Basler Verkehrs-Betriebe (BVB). 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-25.
- "Basler Verkehrs-Betriebe - Facts & Figures" (in German). Basler Verkehrs-Betriebe (BVB). 31 December 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-25.
- "Unternehmen BVB - Portrait" [BVB Company - Portrait] (in German). Basler Verkehrs-Betriebe (BVB). 2009. Retrieved 2014-05-25.
- Appenzeller, Stephan (1995). Basel und sein Tram : die Geschichte der Basler Verkehrs-Betriebe [Basel and its Trams: the History of the Basler Verkehrs-Betriebe]. Basel: Christoph-Merian-Verlag. ISBN 3856160639. (German)
- Bernet, Ralph (2000). Trams in der Schweiz: von Basel bis Zürich: Strassenbahn-Betriebe einst und jetzt [Trams in Switzerland: from Basel to Zurich: Tramway Operators Then and Now]. München: GeraMond-Verlag. ISBN 393278507X. (German)
- Madörin, Dominik (2003). Das Rollmaterial der Basler Verkehrs-Betriebe [The Rolling Stock of the Basler Verkehrs-Betriebe]. Freiburg (Breisgau): EK-Verlag. ISBN 3882558431. (German)
- Schwandl, Robert (2010). Schwandl's Tram Atlas Schweiz & Österreich. Berlin: Robert Schwandl Verlag. ISBN 978 3 936573 27 5. (German) (English)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trams in Basel.|
- Basler Verkehrs-Betriebe (BVB) – official site (German)
- Baselland Transport (BLT) – official site (German)
- Tramclub Basel – official site (German)
- Tram-Museum Basel – official site (German)
- Basel database / photo gallery and Basel tram list at Urban Electric Transit – in various languages, including English.