Trams in Bendigo

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Bendigo tramway network
Bendigo talking tram.jpg
Tourist tram in the main street.
Operation
Locale Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
Steam tram era: 1892 (1892)–1902 (1902)
Operator(s) Bendigo Tramways Company Limited
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Propulsion system(s) Steam
Electric tram era: since 1903 (1903)
Operator(s) Electric Supply Company of Victoria (1903–1934)
State Electricity Commission of Victoria (SECV) (1934–1972)
Bendigo Tramways (since 1972)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Propulsion system(s) Electricity
Website Bendigo Tramways

Trams have operated in the city of Bendigo, Victoria, Australia since 1890, and continue to operate today as a tourist attraction.[1] Limited trials have also been made in 2009 with operating commuter service, but with minimal usage by the public.[2]

History[edit]

As public transport[edit]

The first trams in Bendigo were battery operated, but only lasted three months before being withdrawn due to their unreliability. A steam tram system commenced operation in 1892 operated by the Bendigo Tramways Company Limited, and lasted until 1902.[3] Electric trams commenced in 1903 operated by the Electric Supply Company of Victoria, the network eventually covering two routes, one north-south from North Bendigo through the city centre to Golden Square, and Eaglehawk through the city centre to Quarry Hill. [4]

The Electric Supply Company of Victoria was taken over by the State Government State Electricity Commission of Victoria (SECV) in 1934 as part of the centralisation of the supply of electricity in Victoria. The SECV was in the power generation business, and did not want to operate the loss making provincial tramways of Bendigo, Ballarat and Geelong but was forced to by the State Government.

In 1957-58 tram passengers were paying an average fare of 3 cents while the service cost 8.75 cents to provide, and by 1961-62 the cost was 10 cents.[5] Between 1961 and 1969 patronage fell 46 percent, and the SECV was refused Legislative Council permission in 1968 to abandon the service.[6] Services remained operated by the SECV until April 1972 when the Bendigo tramways were closed.

As a tourist tramway[edit]

In September 1972 a two-year trial of tourist tramways commenced by "The Bendigo Trust" trading as "Bendigo Tramways", and they remain in operation today.[7] The service operates from North Bendigo though the city centre to the Central Deborah Gold Mine.

Between 1996 and 1998, a tourist restaurant and cafe trams was introduced to Bendigo, following the success of a similar model of the Colonial Tramcar Restaurant in Melbourne.[8] The idea proved very popular and the Bendigo fleet has since increased in size.

In 2005 a proposal was put forward to the City of Greater Bendigo to extend the tourist tram route around Lake Weeroona, however the plan met staunch opposition from the community and it was ultimately rejected putting the viability of the network at risk.[9]

In 2008, notable environmental scientist Peter Newman called for modernisation of the Bendigo tram network to operate as a form of public transport.[10]

After calls from the community organisations and representatives, a week long trial of commuter tram services was trialled in December 2008, followed by a second trial between March 16 and April 9, 2009 with trams running every 20 minutes during the morning and afternoon peaks between North Bendigo, Golden Square and the CBD.[11] Fares were set at A$2 a ride.[12] The trials attracted good publicity and support from the Bendigo +25 Transport Action Group, but resulted in light ridership.[13] The Bendigo Tramways concluded that the trial "showed that Bendigonians are still more comfortable using their cars" but should the need arise to reintroduce the trams as a commuter service, "we are certainly up to the task".[2]

In February 2010 the Bendigo Tramways received $3.1 million to fund a redevelopment of the depot, including an extension of the depot and workshop, redevelopment of the administration building, landscaping and heritage conservation and safety works. The works will double the workshop's capacity, which also restores parts for heritage trams around the world.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Golden Jubilee for Bendigo Tram Service". The Age. 1953-04-11. p. 3. Retrieved 2014-01-14. "Bendigo's electric tramway service completes its 50th year of running tomorrow." 
  2. ^ a b "Tram trial gets mixed results". Tram Talk. Friends of the Bendigo Tramways. Autumn Issue, 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  3. ^ "Bendigo Tramways - History". www.bendigotramways.com. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Bendigo's tram system". www.railpage.org.au. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  5. ^ Edwards, Cecil (1969). Brown Power. A jubilee history of the SECV. State Electricity Commission of Victoria. p. page 202–204. 
  6. ^ Edwards, Cecil (1969). Brown Power. A jubilee history of the SECV. State Electricity Commission of Victoria. p. page 238. 
  7. ^ "The Bendigo Trust". www.bendigotrust.com.au. Archived from the original on 2008-06-17. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  8. ^ "Bendigo ninesevensix - About". www.bendigoninesevensix.com.au. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  9. ^ Hugh Martin (January 21, 2005). "Future on line for Bendigo's historic trams". The Age. theage.com.au. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  10. ^ "Academic supports light rail scheme for Bendigo". ABC News. www.abc.net.au. September 10, 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  11. ^ "Bendigo commuter tram trial begins". ABC News. www.abc.net.au. March 16, 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  12. ^ "City of Greater Bendigo Calendar of Events". www.bendigo.vic.gov.au. March 19, 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  13. ^ The Bendigo Trust. "36th Annual Report, 2008/2009". www.bendigotrust.com.au. Retrieved 2010-07-07. [dead link]
  14. ^ DARREN GRAY (February 8, 2010). "Bendigo Tramways on right track for upgrade". The Age. theage.com.au. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 

External links[edit]