Trams in Frankfurt am Main

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"Trams in Frankfurt" redirects here. For the tram network in the Brandenburger town, see Trams in Frankfurt (Oder).
  • Frankfurt am Main
  • tramway network
R-Wagen 021 Ernst-May-Platz 24062007.JPG
Frankfurt am Main type R tram no. 021
at Ernst-May-Platz, Bornheim, 2007.
Locale Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany
Horse tram era: 1872 (1872)–1904 (1904)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Propulsion system(s) Horses
Steam tram era: 1888 (1888)–1929 (1929)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Propulsion system(s) Steam trams
Electric tram era: since 1884 (1884)
Status Operational
Routes 10[1]
& 1 heritage streetcar line
Track gauge
  • 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  • (1884–1905/06)
  • 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
  • (since 1905/06)
Propulsion system(s) Electricity
Electrification 600 V DC
  • 103 trams[1]
  • 9 heritage trams[1]
  • 8 sidecars[1]
Route length 67.3 km (41.8 mi)[1]
Stops 136[1]
Passengers (2012) 49.9 million[1]
Frankfurt am Main tramway network, 2011.
Website VerkehrsGesellschaft Frankfurt am Main (English)

The Frankfurt am Main tramway network is a network of tramways forming a major part of the public transport system in Frankfurt am Main, a city in the federal state of Hesse, Germany.

As of 2012, there were 10 tram lines,[1] along with two special lines[citation needed] and one heritage tourist tramline.[2][3] The network was also heavily integrated into the Frankfurt U-Bahn, with the systems sharing both street running and reserved track. In 2012, the network had 136 stations,[1] and a total route length of 67.25 kilometres (41.79 mi).[1] In the same year, the network carried 49.9 million passengers,[1] about 30% of total public transport ridership in Frankfurt.


The network is the oldest light rail system in the city, the first horse tram lines having started operations in 1872.[4] It includes one of the first electric tramways in the world, with the first electrified tram line starting in 1884.[4]

For many decades in the mid-20th century, it was the firm policy that Frankfurt's trams would eventually be phased out and replaced by buses and extensions of the U-Bahn. But since the beginning of the 1990s, the direction of Frankfurt's urban traffic policy has changed and its tramways have been renovated and expanded, with a new route, Line 18, opening in 2011.[5] Although the various lines were founded by a number of private and public operators, all trams are now operated by Verkehrsgesellschaft Frankfurt (VGF, English: Frankfurt Transport Company), and the system is part of the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund (RMV, English: Rhine-Main transport network).

Current network[edit]

As of 2014 there were eleven tram lines,[1] among them eight main lines,[citation needed] two rush hour reinforcement lines[citation needed] and one special line[citation needed] in Frankfurt:

Number. Main destinations
11 Zeichen 224.svg Höchst Zuckschwerdtstraße
Zeichen 211-20.svg Mainzer Landstraße – Bahnhofsviertel–/Altstadtstrecke – Hanauer Landstraße und Fechenheim
Zeichen 224.svg Fechenheim Schießhüttenstraße
12 Zeichen 224.svg Schwanheim Rheinlandstraße
Zeichen 211-20.svg Waldbahn – Bahnhofsviertel-/Altstadtstrecke – Kurt-Schumacher-Straße – Bornheim – Hanauer Landstraße
Zeichen 224.svg Hugo-Junkers-Straße
14 Zeichen 224.svg Louisa Bahnhof
Zeichen 211-20.svg Sachsenhausen – Wittelsbacherallee
Zeichen 224.svg Bornheim Ernst-May-Platz
15 Zeichen 224.svg Niederrad Haardtwaldplatz
Zeichen 211-20.svg Niederrad – Sachsenhausen – Offenbacher Landstraße
Zeichen 224.svg Offenbach Stadtgrenze (city limits)
16 Zeichen 224.svg Ginnheim
Zeichen 211-20.svg Ginnheim – Bockenheim – Sachsenhausen – Offenbacher Landstraße
Zeichen 224.svg Offenbach Stadtgrenze (city limits)
17 Zeichen 224.svg Rebstockbad
Zeichen 211-20.svg Rebstockstrecke – Hauptbahnhof – Waldbahn
Zeichen 224.svg Neu-Isenburg Stadtgrenze (city limits)
18 Zeichen 224.svg Preungesheim
Zeichen 211-20.svg Konstablerwache
Zeichen 224.svg Lokalbahnhof
19 Zeichen 224.svg Schwanheim Rheinlandstraße
Zeichen 211-20.svg Waldbahn – Niederrad – Sachsenhausen
Zeichen 224.svg Südbahnhof
20 Zeichen 224.svg Hauptbahnhof
Zeichen 211-20.svg Niederrad
Zeichen 224.svg Stadion
21 Zeichen 224.svg Nied Kirche (peak times) / Gallus Mönchhofstraße
Zeichen 211-20.svg Mainzer Landstraße – Abzweig Kleyerstraße – Niederrad
Zeichen 224.svg Stadion
EE Zeichen 215 - Kreisverkehr, StVO 2000.svg Sightseeing circular Ebbelwei-Expreß (de)

Low-floor trams are being used since April 2007 on all regular lines. The Flexity Classic from Bombardier is the latest addition to the fleet.

The special lines Ebbelwei express and Lieschen are occupied exclusively with older high-floor K-Wagen.

The Stadtbahn line U5 corresponds to a large extent to that of a conventional tram, however it is officially designated as an underground line. The conversion into a low-floor tramline is at present in planning.


The Ebbelwei-Expreß line

This special line was started in 1977 on the occasion of the forthcoming decommission of the last four-axle trams and should have actually operated only for a short time. Owing to its enormous success, it remains in service to the present day.[2][3]

Frankfurt Transport Museum[edit]

The Frankfurt Transport Museum in Schwanheim shows the eventful history of Frankfurt's public transit. At least one of each type of streetcar (exept types "E" and "G" and the ones that are still in operation) is preserved. In addition to that there is a small bus exhibition, showing two historic diesel-busses and one trolley-bus from Offenbach.

The "Historische Straßenbahn Frankfurt e.V." (Historic tramway organization) runs the museum on behalf of the Tranport Company "VGF" and organizes shuttle services with old streetcars on special occasions.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "ZAHLENSPIEGEL 2012" [STATISTICS 2012] (PDF) (in German). vgF. December 31, 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  2. ^ a b "City tour with the Ebbelwei-Express". vgF. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  3. ^ a b "VGF Ebbelwei-Expreß". vgF. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  4. ^ a b "History - The history of local public passenger transport in Frankfurt". vgF. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  5. ^ "New underground and tram lines". Retrieved 2012-02-07. 


  • Höltge, Dieter; Köhler, Günter H. (1992). Straßen- und Stadtbahnen in Deutschland [Tramways and Stadtbahnen in Germany]. Band 1: Hessen [Volume 1: Hesse] (2nd., enlarged ed.). Freiburg i. B., Germany: EK-Verlag. ISBN 3882553359.  (German)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°06′28″N 08°39′53″E / 50.10778°N 8.66472°E / 50.10778; 8.66472