Tramways in Île-de-France
The French region of Île-de-France, encompassing the capital city of Paris, currently has seven tram lines, and is planning an additional lines. Of the existing lines, five are operated by its public transport authority, RATP, which also operates the Paris Métro and most bus services. One line (T4) is operated the French national rail operator SNCF. Three of the lines serve Paris. The seven lines are generally unconnected, although a connection between lines T2 and T3a and between T3a and T3b already exists, and a connection between T1 and the new T5 line opened in 2013, and the final design is fairly integrated.
The first of a new generation of trams in Paris, line T1 opened in 1992, with line T2 opening in 1997, line T4 on November 18, 2006, and line T3 on December 16, 2006. The newest line, T5, opened on July 29, 2013.
|Number of lines||4|
|Number of stations||71|
|Operator(s)||RATP / SNCF|
|System length||71.0 km (44.1 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
Line T1 connects Saint-Denis to Noisy-le-Sec, parallel to the Paris northern city limit. It opened in 1992, and the extension to Noisy-le-Sec was completed in December 2003. An extension west to Asnières and Gennevilliers opened in November 2012, and a continuation to Nanterre is planned. An eastwards extension to Montreuil and to the Val de Fontenay RER station is planned and expected to be open in 2017.
Line T2 (Trans Val-de-Seine) connects Pont de Bezons with Porte de Versailles via La Défense. It opened in 1997 between La Défense and Issy Val-de-Seine, mostly on converted SNCF right-of-way. An extension from Issy Val-de-Seine to Porte de Versailles opened in 2009 and a second extension from La Défense to Pont de Bezons opened in 2012.
T3a and T3b
Line T3 is the first modern tramway in Paris proper. It is divided into two sections called T3a and T3b. The line is also known as the tramway des Maréchaux because it follows the boulevards des maréchaux, a series of boulevards that encircle Paris along the route of the former Thiers Wall (built 1841–44). The boulevards are, with three exceptions, named for Napoleon's First Empire marshals (maréchaux).
Line T4 is a tram-train line, operating in part on SNCF lines, connecting Bondy RER station with Aulnay-sous-Bois station. It opened on November 18, 2006. Unlike the other tramways in Île-de-France, T4 is operated by SNCF. A new branch of this tram train line will be opened in 2017.
Saint-Denis - Garges-Sarcelles
Tramway T5 runs on tyres (i.e. translohr) along a mainly segregated "track" on the busy Route Nationale 1 (similar to the systems in Nancy or Caen), replacing the often busy bus lines 168 and 268. The 6.6 km route serves 16 stops between Saint-Denis, Pierrefitte-sur-Seine, Sarcelles and Garges-lès-Gonesse. It has an interchange with T1 at its southerly terminus marché de Saint-Denis. Line T5 opened in July 2013.
Villejuif - Athis-Mons
A 11 km route serving 18 stations between Villejuif (terminus of metro ligne 7) serving Rungis and Orly and terminating at Athis-Mons opened on 16 November 2013. The line will be extended in 2018 to Juvisy-sur-Orge.
Several new lines of tramway and trams on tyres have been planned in the region and on 11 February 2009 every project was re-assessed and given a "T" number by the STIF (the regional transport council of the Île-de-France). Posters began to appear in the metro from April 2009 promoting the entire 8‑route T system.
Châtillon - Viroflay
A 14 km route on tyres (with 1.6 km in tunnel) serving 21 stations (including 2 underground) will be built from Châtillon - Montrouge (terminus of metro ligne 13) to Viroflay - Rive Droite (Transilien railway station). The line is scheduled to open in 2014.
Saint-Denis (Porte de Paris) - Épinay-sur-Seine (Quartier d'Orgemont) and a branch to Villetaneuse
Formerly to be known as "Tram'y", this 8.46 km line was planned to serve 17 stations by 2013. Villetaneuse is also planned to be a future station on the new Tangental North line. An extension was also planned to the future RER E station proposed at Évangile. Construction began in 2010, and services are expected to begin in 2014.
Two other tramlines are schelduled: one between Paris Porte de Choisy and the city of Orly to 2020 and another from Antony to Clamart in the south west suburbs of Paris to 2021.
The Trans-Val-de-Marne (fr) bus line, which runs in a designated bus lane and is intended to provide rapid transit southeast of Paris in the département of Val-de-Marne, is operated by RATP. Despite beginning with a T, it is not a part of the tramway network.
- "RATP’s tram network in Île-de-France". RATP. Retrieved 2013-09-13.
- "BIENVENUE SUR LA LIGNE T4" [WELCOME TO THE T4 LINE]. sncf.com (in French). SNCF Transilien. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-13.
- "le T5 en ligne - Le projet - L'essentiel" [The T5 line - the project - essentials] (in French). RATP. Retrieved 2013-09-13.
- "Tramway 5 - le T5 en ligne" [Tramway 5 - The T5 line] (in French). RATP. Retrieved 2013-09-13.
- http://www.anous.fr/paris/traffic/un-nouveau-tram-en-banlieue/3897.html[dead link]
- "Home - In Ile-de-France - Extending the network - Tramway - Créations : T5". Retrieved 2013-09-12.
- "Railway Gazette: Citadis remains popular in Paris". Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- Tram line routes at the RATP official website
- T3 official website
- RATP official extension information
- (French) Comprehensive map of the Paris tramways network