Tranmere shown within Merseyside
|Population||11,668 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
Tranmere is a suburb of Birkenhead, on the Wirral Peninsula, England. Administratively, it is also a ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. Before local government reorganisation on 1 April 1974, it was part of the County Borough of Birkenhead, within the geographical county of Cheshire. At the 2001 Census, the population of Tranmere was 11,668 (5,399 males, 6,269 females).
Until the early 19th century, Tranmere was the second most populous settlement in Wirral, with a population of 353 in 1801, centred mainly in the area of what is now Church Road and the nearby hamlet of Hinderton. By 1901, the number of residents had grown to 37,709.
Tranmere Old Hall and its estate, was situated around what is now Church Road. It was a large, gabled building constructed around 1614. According to the author Philip Sulley's The Hundred of Wirral (1889), in about 1860:
- "... [Tranmere Old Hall] was pulled down by an ignorant boor who became possessed of it by some mischance, to make way for shops and houses."
Tranmere was absorbed into the County Borough of Birkenhead in 1877 and became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral in 1974, on creation of the county of Merseyside.
Queen Elizabeth granted John Poole the lease of ferry rights at Tranmere in 1586. The Etna, the first steam-powered ferry on the River Mersey operated from Tranmere Pool to Liverpool on 17 April 1817. The early part of the 19th Century were prosperous times for Tranmere's ferry service, but this was to change with the completion of Thomas Brassey's New Chester Road in 1833 and the opening of the Chester and Birkenhead Railway in 1840. Further blows to trade came with the commencement of a horse-drawn tramway in 1877 between New Ferry and Woodside Ferry and the opening of the Mersey Railway between Liverpool and nearby Green Lane railway station in 1886. By 1904, the ferry service had ceased and Tranmere Pool was enclosed as Cammell Laird Dock as part of an extension of the shipyard.
Tranmere is made up of industrial buildings and Victorian terraced houses, although it has seen a significant amount of property development recently. The area is host to one of only 35 government neighbourhood pathfinders.
Two urban parks are located in Tranmere. Mersey Park to the north and Victoria Park to the south. The park was originally the gardens of a large property called Arudy House, owned by Victor Poutz, a French cotton merchant. At the top end stands the Tranmere Cross which once marked the entrance to Tranmere on Church Street. Mersey park currently hosts one of the many annual Bonfire Night municipal firework displays put on by Wirral borough council.
Mersey Park Primary School (so named because it borders Mersey Park) has several famous former pupils including Jason McAteer (footballer) and Patricia Routledge (Hyacinth Bucket in the BBC TV sitcom Keeping up Appearances). Paul O'Grady, famous for his alter-ego creation Lily Savage, was raised in the area. Colin Haygarth the famous Scottish Gunmaker was born in Tranmere & lived in Milton Road until he was four years old, when his family moved to nearby Irby. He was The Queen Mother's Gunmaker from 1965 until 2002 & is the oldest living Gunmaker in the UK & the last to have done "War Work", he made parts for Sten guns in the workshops of the Gunmaker WC Carsewell in Liverpool & served in the Irby branch of The Home guard.
|The factual accuracy of parts of this article (those related to article) may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (September 2012)|
St. Catherine's Hospital is soon to be demolished to make way for a modern medical facility.
Tranmere contains one of the largest and most expensive WWII air raid shelters in the country. It consists of a series of tunnels stretching to a total length of 6500ft and was designed to house up to 6000 people (many of them workers at the strategically important Camel Laird shipyard) - however by the time they were completed, they were no longer needed as the threat of invasion has diminished. The tunnels were later used by the Ministry of food for storage, and were considered as a nuclear fallout shelter during the cold war era. The tunnels were finally sealed off in 1989 amid growing H&S concerns. The tunnels still exist however and building work in 2008 uncovered a shaft - allowing temporary exploration of them, before being sealed off again.
- 2001 Census: Tranmere, Office for National Statistics, retrieved 2 July 2007
- Harding, Professor Stephen, Vikings In Wirral: Introduction, retrieved 16 January 2008
- Maund, TB (1991), Mersey Ferries - Volume 1, Transport Publishing Co. Ltd., ISBN 0-86317-166-4
- Cheshire Towns & Parishes: Tranmere, GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy, retrieved 16 January 2008
- Bidston, Carol E. (1985), Birkenhead... Of Yesteryear, Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, p. 42, ISBN 0-904582-07-8
- Port Cities: Ferries Across The Mersey, mersey-gateway.org, retrieved 30 March 2007
- Neighbourhood Management Pathfinders (Round 2), Neighbourhood Renewal Unit, retrieved 18 March 2008
- Brocklebank, Ralph T (2003), Birkenhead - An Illustrated History, Breedon Books, ISBN 1-85983-350-0
- Birkenhead, Cheshire: Church Road Workhouse, workhouses.org.uk, retrieved 30 March 2007
- "Tranmere Tunnels". Retrieved 2013-02-19.