Tranmere, Merseyside

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Tranmere
Ferris Wheel in Victoria Park, Tranmere - DSC06903.JPG
Tranmere is located in Merseyside
Tranmere
Tranmere
 Tranmere shown within Merseyside
Population 11,668 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SJ300850
Metropolitan borough Wirral
Metropolitan county Merseyside
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BIRKENHEAD
Postcode district CH41
Dialling code 0151
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Birkenhead
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside

Coordinates: 53°22′44″N 3°01′14″W / 53.3788°N 3.0205°W / 53.3788; -3.0205

Tranmere is a suburb of Birkenhead, on the Wirral Peninsula, England. Administratively, it is also a ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. Before local government reorganisation on 1 April 1974, it was part of the County Borough of Birkenhead, within the geographical county of Cheshire. At the 2001 Census, the population of Tranmere was 11,668 (5,399 males, 6,269 females).[1]

History[edit]

Its name was given by Norwegian Vikings who settled and colonised Wirral in the 10th century. Tranmere in Old Norse is Trani-melr, meaning "Cranebird sandbank" or "sandbank with the Cranebirds".[2]

Until the early 19th century, Tranmere was the second most populous settlement in Wirral, with a population of 353 in 1801, centred mainly in the area of what is now Church Road and the nearby hamlet of Hinderton.[3] By 1901, the number of residents had grown to 37,709.[4]

Tranmere Old Hall and its estate, was situated around what is now Church Road. It was a large, gabled building constructed around 1614.[5] According to the author Philip Sulley's The Hundred of Wirral (1889), in about 1860:

"... [Tranmere Old Hall] was pulled down by an ignorant boor who became possessed of it by some mischance, to make way for shops and houses."

Tranmere was absorbed into the County Borough of Birkenhead in 1877 and became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral in 1974, on creation of the county of Merseyside.

Ferry Service[edit]

Queen Elizabeth granted John Poole the lease of ferry rights at Tranmere in 1586. The Etna, the first steam-powered ferry on the River Mersey operated from Tranmere Pool to Liverpool on 17 April 1817.[6] The early part of the 19th Century were prosperous times for Tranmere's ferry service, but this was to change with the completion of Thomas Brassey's New Chester Road in 1833 and the opening of the Chester and Birkenhead Railway in 1840. Further blows to trade came with the commencement of a horse-drawn tramway in 1877 between New Ferry and Woodside Ferry and the opening of the Mersey Railway between Liverpool and nearby Green Lane railway station in 1886. By 1904, the ferry service had ceased and Tranmere Pool was enclosed as Cammell Laird Dock as part of an extension of the shipyard.[3]

Description[edit]

Tranmere is made up of industrial buildings and Victorian terraced houses, although it has seen a significant amount of property development recently. The area is host to one of only 35 government neighbourhood pathfinders.[7]

Two urban parks are located in Tranmere. Mersey Park to the north and Victoria Park to the south. The park was originally the gardens of a large property called Arudy House, owned by Victor Poutz, a French cotton merchant. At the top end stands the Tranmere Cross which once marked the entrance to Tranmere on Church Street. Mersey park currently hosts one of the many annual Bonfire Night municipal firework displays put on by Wirral borough council.

Green Lane railway station is situated on the Wirral Line of the Merseyrail network. Services operate northbound to Liverpool, via Birkenhead town centre and southbound to Chester and Ellesmere Port.

Tranmere is best known for its football club, Tranmere Rovers F.C., founded in 1884. Tranmere Rovers now plays in nearby Prenton but has kept the name.

Mersey Park Primary School (so named because it borders Mersey Park) has several famous former pupils including Jason McAteer (footballer) and Patricia Routledge (Hyacinth Bucket in the BBC TV sitcom Keeping up Appearances). Paul O'Grady, famous for his alter-ego creation Lily Savage, was raised in the area. Colin Haygarth the famous Scottish Gunmaker was born in Tranmere & lived in Milton Road until he was four years old, when his family moved to nearby Irby. He was The Queen Mother's Gunmaker from 1965 until 2002 & is the oldest living Gunmaker in the UK & the last to have done "War Work", he made parts for Sten guns in the workshops of the Gunmaker WC Carsewell in Liverpool & served in the Irby branch of The Home guard.

Tranmere is also home to the UK's last remaining resident cinema organist, Dave Nicholas, who currently plays for the classic movie evenings at the Liverpool Philharmonic Hall.

St. Catherine's Hospital occupies a large site in Higher Tranmere. It was originally built as the Birkenhead Union Workhouse between 1861 and 1863 and designed by Thomas Leyland.[8][9]

St. Catherine's Hospital is soon to be demolished to make way for a modern medical facility.

Tranmere contains one of the largest and most expensive WWII air raid shelters in the country.[10] It consists of a series of tunnels stretching to a total length of 6500ft and was designed to house up to 6000 people (many of them workers at the strategically important Cammell Laird shipyard) - however by the time they were completed, they were no longer needed as the threat of invasion has diminished. The tunnels were later used by the Ministry of food for storage, and were considered as a nuclear fallout shelter during the cold war era. The tunnels were finally sealed off in 1989 amid growing H&S concerns. The tunnels still exist however and building work in 2008 uncovered a shaft - allowing temporary exploration of them, before being sealed off again.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2001 Census: Tranmere, Office for National Statistics, retrieved 2 July 2007 
  2. ^ Harding, Professor Stephen, Vikings In Wirral: Introduction, retrieved 16 January 2008 
  3. ^ a b Maund, TB (1991), Mersey Ferries - Volume 1, Transport Publishing Co. Ltd., ISBN 0-86317-166-4 
  4. ^ Cheshire Towns & Parishes: Tranmere, GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy, retrieved 16 January 2008 
  5. ^ Bidston, Carol E. (1985), Birkenhead... Of Yesteryear, Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, p. 42, ISBN 0-904582-07-8 
  6. ^ Port Cities: Ferries Across The Mersey, mersey-gateway.org, retrieved 30 March 2007 
  7. ^ Neighbourhood Management Pathfinders (Round 2), Neighbourhood Renewal Unit, retrieved 18 March 2008 
  8. ^ Brocklebank, Ralph T (2003), Birkenhead - An Illustrated History, Breedon Books, ISBN 1-85983-350-0 
  9. ^ Birkenhead, Cheshire: Church Road Workhouse, workhouses.org.uk, retrieved 30 March 2007 
  10. ^ "Tranmere Tunnels". Retrieved 2013-02-19. 

External links[edit]