The river, bridge and buildings in Trans-en-Provence
|• Mayor||Jacques Lecointe|
|Area1||16.99 km2 (6.56 sq mi)|
|• Density||320/km2 (820/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||83141 / 83720|
|Elevation||100–272 m (328–892 ft)
(avg. 146 m or 479 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The village which was originally located on the hill St Victor took the name Trans (Latin: "beyond") on moving across the river Nartuby. The name appears in 1004, in the proceedings of the cartulary of the Abbey of Saint Victor, Marseille. At the end of the twelfth century, the village came under the authority of the Count of Provence who gave it as a fief in 1200 to Giraud de Villeneuve. From that date until 1789, members of the Villeneuve family were the Lords of Trans. The seigneurial seat was transformed into a château-fort in the 14th century. From that time the village, decimated by the Black Death, expanded with the cultivation of olives. In 1506, Louis de Villeneuve, seigneur de Trans, received the title of marquis from Louis XII, in recompense for his actions in the Italian Wars.
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