First TransPennine Express
185117 departing from Scarborough
1 February 2004 – 4 February 2016
|Main route(s):||North West England, Yorkshire and Humber, North East England, Scotland|
|Stations called at:||60|
|National Rail abbreviation:||TP|
|Parent company:||FirstGroup (55%)
First TransPennine Express is a British train operating company owned by FirstGroup (55%) and Keolis (45%) operating the TransPennine Express franchise. First TransPennine Express runs regular inter-city services between the major cities of Northern England as well as to the Central Belt of Scotland.
The franchise operates a hub model radiating from Manchester covering three main routes. The service provides rail links for major cities such as Edinburgh, Glasgow, Liverpool, Sheffield, Hull, Leeds, York, Scarborough and Newcastle. Previously, all services used to call or terminate at Manchester Piccadilly, however, as of May 2014, a new service running between Newcastle Central and Liverpool Lime Street, calling at Manchester Victoria was announced, and launched as part of the Northern Hub plan.
First TransPennine Express is one of the few UK train operating companies running 24 hours a day, including through New Year's Eve night. For example, trains run between York, Leeds and Manchester Airport at least every three hours every night of the week.
In 2000, the Strategic Rail Authority announced that it planned to reorganise the North West Regional Railways and Regional Railways North East franchises operated by First North Western and Arriva Trains Northern. A TransPennine Express franchise would be created for the long-distance regional services, the remaining services being operated by a new Northern franchise.
In July 2003, the Strategic Rail Authority awarded the TransPennine franchise to FirstGroup/Keolis, and the services operated by Arriva Trains Northern and First North Western transferred to First TransPennine Express on 1 February 2004.
Siemens maintains the Class 185 Desiro Diesel and the new Class 350/4 Electric fleets at Ardwick depot in Manchester with a smaller facility in York. The Class 170 Turbostars are maintained by Bombardier Transportation at Crofton. TransPennine Express is headquartered at Bridgewater House, Manchester.
The franchise was due to end on 31 January 2012, but in August 2011 the Department for Transport awarded First TransPennine Express an extension until March 2015. Included was a clause to allow this date to be brought forward to April 2014 to allow it to coincide with the end-date of the Northern Rail franchise. In March 2013 the Secretary of State for Transport announced the franchise would again be extended until 4 February 2016.
The future continuation of the franchise was not certain. Local transport authorities and consultancies had proposed merging Trans-Pennine services into other franchises to increase efficiency on the rail network. The Manchester Airport to Scotland service could be transferred to the InterCity West Coast franchise after the electrification of lines around Manchester by 2018. The south Trans-Pennine route between Manchester and Cleethorpes could be transferred to East Midlands Trains who already operate an hourly service on the Manchester to Sheffield section.
In June 2014 the DfT confirmed that there will be two separate franchises in the north of England, one providing intercity rail services and a second providing local rail services. There are proposals to transfer the Manchester Airport to Blackpool North, Preston and the Lancaster to Barrow-in-Furness, Oxenholme to Windermere and the York to Scarborough and Doncaster to Cleethorpes services to the Northern franchise and transfer the Nottingham to Liverpool portion of the Norwich to Liverpool service currently operated by East Midlands Trains to the TransPennine franchise. 
- 1tph between Liverpool Lime Street and Newcastle Central via Manchester Victoria and Leeds
- 1tph between Liverpool Lime Street and Scarborough via Warrington Central, Manchester Piccadilly and Leeds
- 1tph between Manchester Airport and York via Manchester Piccadilly and Leeds. This is also a 24-hour service.
- 1tph between Manchester Airport and Middlesbrough via Manchester Piccadilly and Leeds
- 1tph between Manchester Piccadilly and Hull via Leeds
Most services between Manchester Airport and Newcastle now run early morning/late evenings.
The Manchester to Liverpool section is supplemented by East Midlands Trains' hourly service from Norwich and a Northern Rail hourly Manchester Airport to Liverpool express service (which runs via Newton-le-Willows rather than Warrington Central), thus giving four fast services per hour between Manchester and Liverpool. Similarly, the service between Leeds and Newcastle is augmented by an hourly CrossCountry service. Trains between York and Newcastle are also operated by East Coast.
Under Arriva Trains Northern, Newcastle services continued to Sunderland. When First TransPennine Express first took over the franchise it extended the Manchester to Hull service to Bridlington, a decision later reversed.
In May 2014 a new hourly service between Liverpool Lime Street to Newcastle Central was introduced. This service runs non stop between Liverpool and Manchester Victoria and then onward to Newcastle via Leeds. This service reduced journey times between Liverpool and Manchester by 15 minutes and Liverpool to Leeds by 25 minutes.
An hourly service operates from Manchester Airport to Cleethorpes via Manchester Piccadilly, Stockport, Sheffield, Doncaster and Scunthorpe. The Manchester to Sheffield sector is supplemented by East Midlands Trains hourly Liverpool to Norwich service, giving a half-hourly service of fast trains between Manchester and Sheffield. Additional services to/from Manchester Airport may start or terminate at Sheffield or Doncaster.
TransPennine North West
TransPennine North West uses sections of the Styal Line, Manchester to Preston Line, West Coast Main Line, Furness Line and Windermere Branch Line. These services were formerly operated by First North Western with the exception of the Scottish routes, which were previously operated by Virgin Trains from Manchester Piccadilly.
Following timetable changes in May 2014 the following services now operate:
- 1tph between Manchester Airport and Blackpool North. Some services also run to/from Barrow-in-Furness and Windermere which are detached/attached at Preston. A number of peak services start or terminate at Preston.
- 1tph between Manchester Airport and Glasgow Central or Edinburgh Waverley (alternating). Most of these services are ran by Class 350s (some Edinburgh services run in 8 car formations) however a number of services are still ran by Class 185s.
With the completion of the first stage of the North West electrification programme, the Scottish services will be operated from 8 December 2013 by newly arrived Class 350 electric units and rerouted to stop at Wigan North Western after joining the West Coast Main Line close to Newton-le-Willows. Most stops at Bolton and Chorley will be withdrawn as a result.
Official performance figures released by Network Rail for period 7 of the financial year 2013/14 were down on the same period last year at 87.8% (PPM) and MAA up to 12 October 2013 stood at 90.5%.
A franchise commitment was the replacement of the entire fleet, so in 2005 First TransPennine ordered 56 (later cut back by the Strategic Rail Authority to 51) three-car Class 185 Desiros, the first of which entered service in March 2006.
Most of the Class 185s were delivered in FirstGroup's neon blue livery. The "i" in the logo of Keolis is used as the "i" in the TransPennine Express logo in addition to the First "flying f" logo. The first eight units were delivered in First's dark blue livery, and later reliveried with neon blue vinyls.
The Class 185 trains proved popular with off-peak travellers, although these satisfaction levels decrease for passengers undertaking long-distance journeys and at peak times.
Despite the 185s having a higher capacity than two-car 158s, 185s frequently leave passengers behind due to severe overcrowding at peak times. Transport for Greater Manchester stated in 2007 that projected passenger numbers would probably mean that 100–125 mph (161–201 km/h) 8-car units would be needed by 2014.
It was planned to operate all services with the new Class 185 Desiros. However, weight restrictions on the Micklefield to Hull line restrict the Class 185s to 65–75 mph (105–121 km/h). To solve this and create extra capacity, First TransPennine Express leased eight Class 170 Turbostars from late 2006 that were surplus to South West Trains' requirements, and in November 2007 a ninth was transferred from Central Trains. The Class 185 Desiros operate across the network, the Class 170 Turbostars on services from Manchester to Cleethorpes, Hull and York.
Since May 2014 services between Manchester and Scotland have been operated by 110 mph capable electric multiple units. This will enable the diesel trains currently in use on the Manchester to Scotland services to be transferred to other TransPennine Express services. The Manchester Airport to Blackpool route will also be electrified, allowing further diesel trains to be cascaded on to other TransPennine Express services. However, this will be after the end of the current TransPennine Express franchise.
In February 2012 the Department for Transport announced that 10 four-car electric Class 350 Desiros had been ordered to operate services from Manchester to Scotland via Wigan after electrification. It was confirmed that all the existing rolling stock would remain with the franchise to boost capacity.
However in March 2014 it was announced that the nine Class 170 Turbostars will move to Chiltern Railways. MP Stephen Hammond revealed on 12 March 2014 that all the class 170/3s will remain with First TransPennine Express until the May 2015 timetable change.
In January 2015 it was confirmed Chiltern will take 5 of the First TransPennine Class 170s from May 2015 and the other four from February 2016. First TransPennine will hire Class 156 Super Sprinters from Northern Rail to work in pairs on the Manchester Airport-Blackpool North route.(which were originally intended to be used for extra capacity on Northern Rail services) to cover for the shortfall until February 2016. It is unclear what trains the next TransPennine Express franchise will take on in lieu of the 156s/170s from February 2016.
|Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Number||Routes operated||Built|
|170 Turbostar||DMU||100||160||9||Manchester Airport - Cleethorpes
Manchester Piccadilly - Hull
Manchester Airport - York
|185 Desiro||DMU||100||160||51||All TransPennine routes & Manchester airport - Edinburgh/Glasgow||2005–2006|
|350/4 Desiro||EMU||110||180||10||Manchester Airport - Edinburgh/Glasgow||2013-2014|
|Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Number||Routes operated||Built|
|Class 156 Super Sprinter||Diesel multiple unit||75||120||6||Manchester Airport - Blackpool North from May 2015||1987–1989|
|158 Express Sprinter||DMU||1989-1992||2006-2007||Transferred to Central Trains, First Great Western, Northern Rail and South West Trains||Initially 28 + an additional 2 sub-leased from First North Western. Later 28 + an additional 4 sub-leased from Central Trains. 2 units also briefly sub-leased from First ScotRail|
|175 Coradia||DMU||1999–2001||2007||Were subleased from Arriva Trains Wales
After the introduction of the Class 185, they returned to Arriva Trains Wales
|27 shared between First TransPennine Express and Arriva Trains Wales|
First TransPennine Express' services run over a large area of northern England and southern Scotland. Many of the largest stations they serve are managed by a different TOC or, in five cases, Network Rail.
First Trans Pennine manage the following 30 stations:
- Companies House extract company no 4113923 First/Keolis TransPennine Limited
- Keolis in the UK Keolis
- First TransPennine Express route map FirstGroup
-  First Group
- "Northern Spirit is brand new name for Regional Railways North East" Rail issue 332 3 June 1998 page 7
- The Trans-Pennine Express rail franchise. Yorkshire & The Humber Transport Activist's Roundtable Briefing Note October 2001.
- "SRA Announce Preferred Bidder For TransPennine Express Franchise" (Press release). Strategic Rail Authority. 28 July 2003. Archived from the original on no date. Check date values in:
- "New franchising programme" (Press release). Department for Transport. 5 August 2011.
- "Railway plan puts new focus on passengers" Secretary of State for Transport statement 26 March 2013
- "Rail Franchising: Written evidence from First/Keolis TransPennine". UK Parliament. 5 February 2013. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- "Research Project on Reviewing the Franchise Map". Jacobs Consultancy. March 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- "Future of Northern and TransPennine Express rail franchises" (Press release). Department for Transport. 9 June 2014.
- Shortlist for Northern and TransPennine operators revealed Department for Transport 19 August 2014
- "December Changes: Changes to services between Manchester, Bolton, Chorley, Preston and Cumbria / Scotland". First TransPennine Express. 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- "Rail performance results period 7". Network Rail.
- "The Pennine Class 185 experience - What do passengers think?" (Press release). Passenger Focus. May 2007. Retrieved 10 June 2008.
More than 90% of passengers said they are satisfied with the key measures – getting a seat, the ease of getting on and off the train and cleanliness of the train interior. ... However, the research also shows that passenger satisfaction with comfort decreases as the journey time increases.
- Emma Davison (31 October 2008). "Anyone for a game of train sardines?". Huddersfield Daily Examiner.
- "Heavy Rail White Paper". Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Authority.[dead link]
- West Coast Main Line route utilisation strategy, Network Rail.
- "Britain's Transport Infrastructure: Rail Electrification". Department for Transport. July 2009.
- "Extra trains and faster journey times will boost capacity" (Press release). Department for Transport. 29 February 2012.
- "Rail passengers in the north of England and Scotland to benefit from new trains" (Press release). First TransPennine Express. 29 February 2012.
- "Campaigners' fury as nine TransPennine Express trains sent south in 'crazy and scandalous' move". Manchester Evening News. 3 March 2014.
- "Train Announcement". First TransPennine Express. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- Pritchard, Robert; Hall, Peter (2014). British Railways Locomotives & Coaching Stock 2014. Sheffield: Platform 5 Publishing. pp. 229–230. ISBN 978-1-909431-09-6.
- Prentice, Paul (8 January 2015). "Locomotive-hauled trains to return to north west". Rail Magazine. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
- "Safe and sound train stations". First Transpennine Express. October 2011.
Media related to First TransPennine Express at Wikimedia Commons
Arriva Trains Northern
Regional Railways North East franchise
|Operator of TransPennine franchise
2004 - present
First North Western
North West Regional Railways franchise