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Transavantgarde is the Italian version of Neo-expressionism, an art movement that swept through Italy, and the rest of Western Europe, in the late 1970s and 1980s. The term transavantgarde was coined by the Italian art critic, Achille Bonito Oliva, originating in the "Aperto '80" at the Venice Biennale, and literally means beyond the avant-garde.
This art movement rejected conceptual art, reintroducing emotion―especially joy―back into drawing, painting and sculpture. Transavantgarde marked a return to figurative art, as well as mythic imagery, which was rediscovered during the height of the movement. The artists revived figurative art and symbolism. The principal transavantgarde artists were Sandro Chia, Francesco Clemente, Enzo Cucchi, Nicola de Maria and Mimmo Paladino.
- Chilvers, Ian (1999). A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art. Oxford University Press – via Questia (subscription required). p. 620.
- Nieves, Marysol (2011). Taking Aim! The Business of Being An Artist Today. Fordham University Press – via Questia (subscription required). p. 236.
- "The 1980s". La Biennale. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- Derwent, Charles (12 September 1999). "Visual Art: Land of the Living Dead Mimmo Paladino South London Gallery, London". The Independent – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- Hawlitschka, Ursula (August 2000). "Enzo Cucchi and the Transavantgarde: Are We In An Abyss of Seeing?".
- Chuen, Ooi Kok (1 November 2000). "Creating art from chaos". New Straits Times – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- Oliva, Achille Bonito, Transavantgarde International, Milan, Politi Editore, 1982.
- Oliva, Achille Bonito, Italian Transavantgarde, Milan, Politi Editore, 1980.
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