Transcendental theology is a term coined by Immanuel Kant to describe a method of discerning theological concepts. Kant divided transcendental theology into "ontotheology" and "cosmotheology", both of which he also coined, "in order to distinguish between two competing types of 'transcendental theology'".
The problem of transcendental theology as developed by Kant is that human reason is not capable of proving God's existence. Kant solves this problem by appealing to moral symbolism. Thus, Kant portrays God as a moral trinity: holy lawgiver, good governor, and just judge.
Notes and references
- Kant, Immanuel, Critique of Pure Reason, Section VII: Critique of all Theology based upon Speculative Principles of Reason.
- Thomson, Iain (2005): Heidegger on Ontotheology: Technology and the Politics of Education, 7.
- For details, see Stephen Palmquist, "Kant's Perspectival Foundation for Critical Theology", Part Two of Kant's Critical Religion (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000).
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