|Transfer of Population Under the Terms of Delhi Agreement|
Flags of India and Pakistan being lowered
|Drafted||17 April 1973|
|Signed||April 9, 1973|
|Location||New Delhi, India|
|Sealed||19 September 1973|
|Effective||8 August 1973|
|Condition||Ratification by both parties|
|Expiration||August 28, 1974|
|Expiry||1 July 1974|
|Mediators||Interior ministries of India and Pakistan|
|Negotiators||Foreign ministries of India and Pakistan|
(Minister of External Affairs)
(Foreign Minister of Pakistan)
|Ratifiers||Parliaments of India and Pakistan|
Prime Minister of India
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Prime Minister of Pakistan
The Delhi Agreement was a trilateral agreement and bilateral treaty signed between India and Pakistan on 9 April 1973. The treaty was signed by the foreign ministers of India and Pakistan in New Delhi, following the Simla Agreement in 1972.
Under the terms of this agreement, thousands of non-Bengali and Urdu-speaking Biharis, including 195 former armed forces and civilians officers, were subjects of population transfer to Pakistan from India and Bangladesh. Concurrently, Bangladesh worked together with India to propose the treaty to resolve the humanitarian crises, but did not became a party to the treaty. Overseen by the UNCHR, this agreement resolved the humanitarian crises and it cleared the way for state recognition of Bangladesh by Pakistan.
The treaty ended on 1 July 1974, and a total of 230,439 persons migrated to Pakistan and Bangladesh. According to UN, around 121,695 Bangladeshis were moved from Pakistan to Bangladesh, and 108,744 from Bangladesh to Pakistan. In 1974, General Niazi was a last Pakistan armed forces general who was symbolically repatriated to Pakistan from Wagah border.
- Levie, Howard S. "The Indo-Pakistani Agreement of August 28, 1973". Vol. 68, No. 1 (Jan., 1974), pp. 95–97. American Journal of International Law. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- UN. "Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees". UNCHR. UNCHR. Retrieved 16 February 2013.