Transit of Mercury from Jupiter

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A transit of Mercury across the Sun as seen from Jupiter takes place when the planet Mercury passes directly between the Sun and Jupiter, obscuring a small part of the Sun's disc for an observer on Jupiter. During a transit, Mercury can be seen from Jupiter as a small black disc moving across the face of the Sun.

A transit could be observed from the surface of one of Jupiter's moons rather than from Jupiter itself. The times and circumstances of the transits would naturally be slightly different.

The Mercury-Jupiter synodic period is 89.792 days. It can be calculated using the formula 1/(1/P-1/Q), where P is the sidereal orbital period of Mercury (87.968435 days) and Q is the orbital period of Jupiter (4330.595 days).

The inclination of Mercury's orbit with respect to Jupiter's ecliptic is 6.29°, which is less than its value of 7.00° with respect to Earth's ecliptic.

Transits of Mercury from Jupiter occur in series, with a transit usually being followed by another after about 17,330 days (about 47.44 years). This is approximately equal to 4 orbits of Jupiter, 197 orbits of Mercury, or 193 synodic periods.

Because Mercury travels around the Sun much more quickly than Jupiter, it always has time to pass through the transit node by the time Jupiter moves away from the node and often has sufficient time to do so more than once. Thus, transits of Mercury occur in groups of one or more about every six years at every passage of Jupiter through the transit nodes.


Transits of Mercury from Jupiter
February 9, 2000 July 22, 2047 January 1, 2095
December 25, 2005 June 6, 2053 November 17, 2100
March 26, 2006 September 5, 2053 February 15, 2101
November 28, 2011 May 10, 2059 October 21, 2106
February 26, 2012 August 8, 2059 January 18, 2107
January 12, 2018 June 23, 2065 December 4, 2112
September 17, 2023 February 26, 2071 August 9, 2118
December 15, 2023 May 27, 2071 November 7, 2118
October 31, 2029 April 11, 2077 September 22, 2124
July 6, 2035 December 16, 2082 May 28, 2130
October 3, 2035 March 15, 2083 August 26, 2130
August 18, 2041 January 28, 2089 July 11, 2136
November 17, 2041 April 29, 2089 October 9, 2136

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