Parliamentary elections were held in the breakaway republic of Transnistria on 11 December, 2005. They were won by the Renewal, an NGO who, together with their allies, beat long-time President Igor Smirnov's Republic party. Following its victory, in June 2006 Renewal was registered as a political party.
Source: BHHRG. Renewal was an NGO, later registered - in June 2006 - as political party.
Victory of Renewal allowed to change the long-term speaker of the Supreme Council, Grigore Mărăcuţă. On 28 December 2005 leader of Renewal Yevgeny Shevchuk was elected new speaker.
According to PMR data, only 15 of the 43 members of its parliament (MPs) were born in the PMR territory (including 12 in Transnistria proper, and 3 in the Bessarabian area in and around the city of Bender, which is controlled by PMR), while 4 others in the rest of Moldova, with the remainder mainly born in Russia or Ukraine. Igor Smirnov, the leader of PMR, arrived in the region in 1987. Most of the MPs who were born elsewhere had moved to the region ten years or more before the conflict erupted.