Transport 21

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Transport 21 signage for the M7/M8 motorway scheme in County Laois.

Transport 21 was an Irish infrastructure plan, announced in November 2005.[1] Its aims were to greatly expand Ireland's transport network. A cost estimate of €34 billion was attached to the plan at the time.

The plan included continuing investment in Ireland's road network, along with investment in public transport in the form of buses and rail.

Due to the economic decline, the Transport 21 project was cancelled in May 2011.

A significant portion of this investment would focus on the creation of an integrated rail network in Dublin. Projects included a tunnel under Dublin city centre connecting Heuston Station with Pearse Station and Docklands station at Spencer Dock. This would facilitate the expansion of the Dublin Area Rapid Transit (DART) system from one line to two. Also included were several new Luas lines, a metro system, and tighter integration between all rail systems, particularly at the planned St. Stephen's Green interchange. This would create a single integrated rail network in Dublin that served the north, south, east and west of the city.

Other rail investment included the planned Western Railway Corridor, redevelopment of a rail link from Navan to Dublin and upgrading and extending suburban rail in Cork.[2]

Also included in the plan was the significant expansion of the Dublin Bus passenger-carrying capacity, completion of the motorway system linking all the major urban centres on the island, and better integration of all transport systems.[3]

Luas - Dublin[edit]

St. Stephen's Green to Luas Red Line (Line BX)[edit]

The RPA (Rail Procurement Agency) has announced the new preferred route extension from the Green Line stop, St. Stephen's Green to Luas Red Line (Line BX). The route will continue on from St. Stephen's Green towards Dawson Street, Grafton Street Lower, College Green, Westmoreland Street, O'Connell Street and Parnell Square. Construction of the line began in June 2013.

The projected completion date is late 2017.

Connolly to Point Depot (Line C1)[edit]

The route for the Red Line extension (Line C1) from Connolly to the Point Depot was fixed in the early 2000s and the Railway Order was signed by the Minister of Transport in December 2006. Construction works got underway in June 2007, with the centrepiece being a new bridge at the Harbourmaster Place end of Mayor Street.[4] The line opened on 8 December, 2009.[5]

Sandyford to Brides Glen (Line B1)[edit]

The route for the Green Line extension (Line B1) from Sandyford to Brides Glen has been chosen by the RPA and the Railway Order was signed by the Minister of Transport in August 2006.[6] The line opened on 16 October 2010.[7]

Brides Glen to Bray (Line B2)[edit]

The route for this line had been selected (Route 2). This project is currently being reconsidered by the National Transport Authority. A decision will be made in late 2014.[8]

Belgard to Saggart (Line A1)[edit]

A Red Line extension was planned from Belgard to Saggart to be built as a Public Private Partnership Initiative (PPP). The line received planning permission in June 2008 and construction got underway in February 2009. The track from Belgard began preparing for track laying on 11 January 2010 by closing the Belgard Stop. It became operational in 2011.[9]

Line BX to Liffey Junction (Line D)[edit]

Work on the Luas Line D is currently well underway. It began in June 2013. It is believed that route will use the former Broadstone rail alignment. The expected completion date is late 2017.

City Centre to Lucan (Line F)[edit]

Luas Line F is currently a deferred project. It is believed that it would join the proposed Green line (Line BX) extension at College Green and will travel down Dame Street, passing by Christchurch and Intersecting the Metro West at Liffey Valley.

Light Rail Metro - Dublin[edit]

A metro for Dublin had been discussed for many years. The construction of a light metro system similar to the Porto Metro in Portugal was originally planned. However the project is currently deferred.[10]

Stephen's Green to Belinstown (Metro North)[edit]

Map

The RPA had announced the Metro North from St Stephen's Green to Belinstown north of Swords via Dublin Airport and sought public comments on the route. A total of 17 stops were planned, and the length of each train would be 90m. There would be a frequency of at least one Metro every two minutes on this service. At peak times, the frequency would be one Metro every 90 seconds.

In October 2006, RPA published an initial route for Metro North, with a revised route appearing in April 2008. This route was to be a Public Private Partnership initiative (PPP) and in September 2008 the RPA applied to An Bord Pleanala for a Railway Order. Because of the current economic climate (2011), Metro North has been deferred until further notice.[11] Metro North is expected to cost over 1 billion euro less than initially indicated due to a 20% drop in Irish construction costs

Tallaght to Dardistown (Metro West)[edit]

Map

The RPA had announced the Metro West from Tallaght to Dardistown, and had sought public comments on two route options. On 5 July 2007 the Emerging Preferred Route Corridor was announced. The route ran from Tallaght to Metro North at Dardistown, south of Dublin Airport via Clondalkin, Liffey Valley and Blanchardstown and was approximately 25.5 km long. This route was also to be a Public Private Partnership Initiative (PPP).

There is no timescale available for the Metro West project as it has been deferred until further notice.

DART - Greater Dublin Area[edit]

Map

Under the Transport 21 Plan, the DART network would have gone through a fundamental change from the coastally-focused north/south line which currently exists, to a two-line system which crossed the city. One of these lines (DART Line 1) would run from Maynooth/Pace-M3 to Greystones via Connolly station, while the other (DART Line 2) would run from Balbriggan to Hazelhatch, south of Celbridge, via the Interconnector. Both lines would intersect at Pearse Street Station.

Maynooth to Greystones (Line 1)[edit]

The existing DART line from Greystones to Connolly will remain unchanged. However the current service from Connolly to Clontarf Rd and beyond would no longer continue. Instead, trains after Connolly station would divert to Drumcondra Station on the Sligo/Maynooth line, which would be electrified and continue onward to Maynooth.

Balbriggan to Hazelhatch (Line 2)[edit]

Future DART service on the Kildare Line

The existing DART line from Malahide/Howth to Clontarf Rd will remain unchanged. However the current service from Clontarf Rd to Connolly and beyond would no longer continue. Instead, trains after Clontarf Rd station would divert through East Wall to a new underground extension called the Interconnector, heading into a new Docklands station in Spencer Dock. The extension continued to Pearse Station, where interchange would be possible with Line 1, and onward to Heuston Station. The extension would go overground at Inchicore where it would join the existing Kildare line, which will be electrified as far as Hazelhatch Station. At the other end, the existing Northern Commuter line between Malahide and Balbriggan would be electrified.

Kildare Route Project[edit]

When the DART is extended from Heuston Station to Hazlehatch, it would quickly find itself in trouble, as the busy Cork, Limerick, Waterford and Galway Intercity service as well as the Kildare and other Commuter services use the same track. This would cause major interference to the DART frequency and service. So Iarnród Éireann decided to quadruple the track (currently 2 track) from where the Interconnector goes overground at Inchicore to just past Hazlehatch station. This physically separates the DART service from the busy Intercity and Commuter service and guarantee a regular frequency, not only for the DART but the Intercity and Commuter services. The Railway Order was signed by the Minister of Transport in December 2006. The project was completed in early 2010.[12][13]

Interconnector[edit]

See full article: Interconnector

The Interconnector will be a tunnel, estimated at €1.3bn, which connects the Northern DART line to the Kildare line. It will have underground stations at Spencer Dock, Pearse Station, Stephens Green, High St (Digital Hub) and Heuston Station and it will form a part of the new DART Line 2 (see above).

The Interconnector is to be one of the most important public transport projects as it will fundamentally change not only the DART but other public transport systems, as well as road traffic in the Greater Dublin Area. In April 2014, Iarnród Éireann stated that the project is back on track and a decission on it will finally be made in 2016.[11]

Commuter - Greater Dublin Area[edit]

Docklands Station[edit]

Under Transport 21, a new Docklands railway station was built in the Spencer Dock area of Dublin city centre. Its purpose was to increase the capacity and frequency of rail services that operate along the Sligo rail line, which was restricted by the heavily congested Connolly Station.

Groundbreaking ceremonies for a temporary location for the new station were held on 9 March 2006 and the station opened in March 2007.

By by-passing Connolly and using the new Docklands station, it is now possible to add extra services on the Maynooth and Longford Commuter services and a brand new service on the re-opening of the Clonsilla to Dunboyne line. (see Commuter - Greater Dublin Area below)

Clonsilla to Navan[edit]

The former Clonsilla to Navan railway line was closed in 1963, but the trackbed was largely preserved. Under the Transport 21 plan, a section of the disused Navan rail line would run from Clonsilla station in west Dublin to Navan in county Meath (42 km). It uses the newly open Docklands Station in Dublin city centre. The first phase of the line (Clonsilla to Dunboyne) included 3 new stations. It opened in September 2010. The second phase would have completed the line as far as Navan and it has been deferred until further notice.[14]

Commuter - Other[edit]

Mallow to Midleton - Cork[edit]

Map

This project, to reopen part of the CorkYoughal railway line as far as Midleton, started construction in November 2007. New stations were built on the Northern Line to Mallow from Cork's Kent station and on the Eastern Line to Cobh and Midleton, as well as a new 10 km section of rail line from Glounthaune to Midleton. A total of 7 new or reopened stations were constructed, in addition to the existing 7. The Cork Suburban Rail got increased funding under Transport 21 and in the coming years most parts of Metropolitan Cork will be connected by rail.

The spur to Midleton piece of this project opened in July 2009. The 7 new or renovated stations were opened during 2010.

Western Railway Corridor - Phase 1[edit]

Map

Under Transport 21, the Western Rail Corridor (WRC) from Ennis to Claremorris would have been re-opened in 3 sections.

Ennis to Athenry[edit]

This section re-opened on 30 March 2010. An Intercity service is now provided between the cities of Limerick and Galway. On the 26 September 2006, the Minister for Transport announced that the Government had approved funding for Iarnród Éireann to proceed with the development of the section. Work had begun in 2008.

Athenry to Tuam[edit]

This section is currently deferred until further notice. The Government had approved funding for the development of the Athenry to Tuam section, subject to completion by Iarnród Éireann of a fuller appraisal of this section.

Tuam to Claremorris[edit]

This section is currently deferred until further notice. With this opening, the Westport - Dublin, Galway - Dublin and Limerick - Dublin lines would have been connected together and would help to facilitate the provision of inter-regional services within the BMW Region.

Regional Airports[edit]

A total of €86million were allocated to regional airports around Ireland with the main focus on improving safety and security. The airports included in the scheme were Ireland West Airport; Kerry Airport; Sligo Airport; Donegal Airport; Waterford Airport and Galway Airport.
€38.7million were spent on projects aimed at improving safety and security, including better fire fighting equipment, new Instrument Landing Systems and navigational aids and the provision of Runway End Safety Areas at a number of airports.
The remaining €48million had been approved for projects aimed towards catering for prospective businesses at these airports and will support investment in a range of facilities. However this project was deferred until further notice.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Launch Documents[edit]