Transport in Angola

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Transport in Angola comprises:

Railways[edit]

There are three separate railway lines in Angola:

Reconstruction of these three lines began in 2005 and is expected to be completed by the end of the year 2012. The Benguela Railway already connects to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Highways[edit]

Luanda taxi called "Candongueiro" after heavy rainfalls, 2008
  • total: 52,429 km
country comparison to the world: 79
  • paved: 5,349 km
  • unpaved: 46,080 km (2001)

Travel on highways outside of towns and cities in Angola (and in some cases within) is often not best advised for those without four-by-four vehicles. Whilst a reasonable road infrastructure has existed within Angola, time and the war have taken their toll on the road surfaces, leaving many severely potholed, littered with broken asphalt. In many areas drivers have established alternate tracks to avoid the worst parts of the surface, although careful attention must be paid to the presence or absence of landmine warning markers by the side of the road.

Overland road Luanda - Uíge recently rehabilitated by Chinese construction company

The Angolan government has contracted the restoration of many of the country's roads, though. Many companies are coming into the country from China and surrounding nations to help improve road surfaces. The road between Lubango and Namibe, for example, was completed recently with funding from the European Union, and is comparable to many European main routes. Progress to complete the road infrastructure is likely to take some decades, but substantial efforts are already being made in the right directions.

Waterways[edit]

  • 1,300 km navigable (2008)
country comparison to the world: 36

Pipelines[edit]

  • gas, 2 km; crude oil 87 km (2008)

In April 2012, the Zambian Development Agency (ZDA) and an Angolan company signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to build a multi-product pipeline from Lobito to Lusaka, Zambia, to deliver various refined products to Zambia.[1][2]

Angola plans to build an oil refinery in Lobito in the coming years.

Ports and harbors[edit]

Ship loading minerals at Namibe harbour, Angola

The government plans to build a deep-water port at Barra do Dande, north of Luanda, in Bengo province near Caxito.[3]

Merchant marine[edit]

  • total: 6
country comparison to the world: 128
  • by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 1
  • foreign owned: 1 (Spain)
  • registered in other countries: 6 (Bahamas) (2008)
Statistics for the shipping industry of Angola
Total: 4 ships (1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over)
Totalling: 4,343 GRT/4,643 metric tons deadweight (DWT)
Cargo ships
Bulk ships 67
Barge carrier 10
Cargo ship 1
Tankers
Petroleum tanker ships 1
Passenger ships
Combined passenger/cargo 2
Source: This article contains material from the CIA World Factbook which, as a US government publication, is in the public domain.

Airports[edit]

Sonair Boeing 737 at Lubango airport, 2009
  • 211 (2008)

Airports - with paved runways[edit]

  • total: 30
  • over 3,047 m: 5
  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 12
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 4
  • under 914 m: 1 (2008)

Airports - with unpaved runways[edit]

  • total: 181 (2008)
  • over 3,047 m: 2
  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 32
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 100
  • under 914 m: 42 (2008)

National Airlines[edit]

History[edit]

Angola had an estimated total of 43 airports as of 2004, of which 31 had paved runways as of 2005. There is an international airport at Luanda. International and domestic services are maintained by TAAG Angola Airlines, Aeroflot, British Airways, Brussels Airlines, Lufthansa, Air France, Air Namibia, Cubana, Ethiopian Airlines, Emirates, Delta Air Lines, Royal Air Maroc, Iberia, Hainan Airlines, Kenya Airways, South African Airways, TAP Air Portugal and several regional carriers. In 2003, domestic and international carriers carried 198,000 passengers. There are airstrips for domestic transport at Benguela, Cabinda, Huambo, Namibe, and Catumbela.

References[edit]

This article comes from the CIA World Factbook 2003.

  1. ^ Chila Namaiko (14 April 2012). "Govt, Angola Ink U.S.$2.5 Billion Oil Deal". Lusaka, Zambia: Times of Zambia. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Angola ready to ‘oil’ Zambia". Times of Zambia. Lusaka, Zambia. 9 May 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Article in Angop web portal reporting on the presentation of the general director of the Instituto Marítimo e Portuário de Angola, Victor Carvalho

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.