Transport in Bihar

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This article deals with the system of transport in Bihar, both public and private.

Long distance[edit]

Ground transport[edit]

Roadways[edit]

The state has a vast network of state roadways There are 29 national highways with total length of 2,910 km and many state highways with total length of 3,766 km. Bihar State Tourism Development Corporations run deluxe and luxury buses to all Major places in Bihar. There are other car rental and taxi provider. EazeeCab started in different parts of Bihar. Bihar has now improved roads, services, motels and dhabas.

Highways[edit]

NH Route inside Bihar Complete Route Length in State (km) Total Length
2 Uttar Pradesh border – MohaniaKudraSasaramDehriAurangabadMadanpurDobhiBarachatiJharkhand border DelhiMathuraAgraKanpurAllahabadVaranasi – Mohania – BarhiPalsitBaidyabatiCalcutta Delhi (12), Haryana (74), Uttar Pradesh (752), Bihar (202), Jharkhand (190), West Bengal (235) 1465
19 Uttar Pradesh border – ManjhiChhapraSonpurHajipurPatna GhazipurBalia – Manjhi – Chhapra – Sonpur – Hajipur – Patna Bihar (120), Uttar Pradesh (120) 240
28 Junction with NH 31 – BarauniBachwaraTajpurMuzaffarpurMehsiChakia – Gopalganj – Uttar Pradesh border Junction with NH 31 – Barauni – Muzaffarpur – PipraKothiGorakhpurLucknow Bihar (259), Uttar Pradesh (311) 570
28A Junction with NH 28 – Pipra – Kothi – SagauliRaxaul – Indo-Nepal Border Junction with NH 28 – Pipra – Kothi – Sagauli – Raxauli – Indo-Nepal border Bihar (68) 68
28B ChapraBettiahLauriyaBagahaChhitauni – Uttar Pradesh Border Chapra – Bettiah – Lauriya – Bagaha – Chhitauni – Uttar Pradesh border Bihar (121)
30 Junction with 2 – Mohania – KochasDinaraBikramganjArrahDanapur – Patna – FatuhaBakhtiarpur Junction with NH 2 – Mohania – Arrah – Patna – Bakhtiarpur Bihar (230) 230
30A Fatuha – ChandiHarnautBarh Fatuha – Chandi – Harnaut – Barh Bihar (65) 65
31 Jharkhand border – RajauliNawadaBihar Sharif – Bakhtiarpur – Barh – Mokameh – Barauni – Begusarai – Balia – KhagariaBihpurKurselaPurniaBaisiWest BengalKishanganjWest Bengal border Junction with NH 2 – Barhi – Bakhtiarpur – Mokameh – PurneaDalkolaSiliguriSevokCooch BeharNorth SalmaraNalbariCharaliAmingaon Junction with NH 37 Bihar (393), West Bengal (366), Assam (322), Jharkhand (44) 1125
57 Muzaffarpur – DarbhangaJhanjharpurNarahiaNarpatganjForbesganjAraria – Purnia Muzaffarpur – Darbhanga – Jhanjharpur – Narahia – Narpatganj – Forbesganj – Araria – Purnia Bihar (310) 310
57A Junction with 57 – Forbesganj – Jogbani Junction with NH 57 – Forbesganj – Jogbani Bihar (15) 15
77 Hajipur – Muzaffarpur – SitamarhiSonbarsa Hajipur – Muzaffarpur – Sitamarhi – Sonbarsa Bihar (142) 142
80 MokamahLuckeesaraiMungerBhagalpurKahalgaon – Jharkhand border Mokamah – Luckeesarai – Munger – Bhagalpur – Kahalgaon – RajmahalFarrakka Bihar (200), Jharkhand (100), West Bengal (10) 310
81 KoraKatiharMalda – West Bengal border Kora – Katihar – Malda – West Bengal Border Bihar (45), West Bengal (55) 100
82 GayaHisuaRajgirBar Bigha – Bihar Sharif – Mokameh Gaya – Hisua — Rajgir – Bar Bigha- Bihar Sharif – Mokameh Bihar (130) 130
83 Patna – JehanabadBela – Gaya – Bodhgaya – Dobhi Patna – Jehanabad – Bela – Gaya – Bodhgaya – Dobhi Bihar (130) 130
84 Arrah – Buxar Arrah – Buxar Bihar (60) 60
85 Chhapra – EkmaSiwanGopalganj Chhapra – Ekma – Siwan – Gopalganj Bihar (95) 95
98 Patna – ArwalDaudnagar – Aurangabad – RajharaAmba – Jharkhand border Patna – Arwal – Daudnagar – Aurangabad – Rajhara – Amba – Jharkhand border Bihar (156), Jharkhand (51) 207
101 Chhapra – BaniapurMohammadpur Chhapra – Baniapur – Mohamadpur Bihar (60) 60
102 Chhapra – Rewaghat – Muzaffarpur Chhapra – Rewaghat – Muzaffarpur Bihar (80) 80
103 Hajipur – Hazrat JandahaMushrigharari Hajipur – Hazrat Jandaha – Mushrigharari Bihar (55) 55
104 Chakia – MadhubaniJaynagarShivhar – Sitamarhi – Sursand – Jaynagar – Narahia Chakia – Madhubani – Jaynagar – Shivhar – Sitamarhi – Sursand – Jaynagar – Narahia Bihar (160) 160
105 Darbhanga – Aunsi – Jaynagar Darbhanga – Aunsi – Jaynagar Bihar (66) 66
106 Birpur – Pipra – Madhepura – Kishanganj – Bihpur Birpur – Pipra – Madhepura – Kishanganj – Bihpur Bihar (130) 130
107 MaheshkhuntSonbarsa RajSimri-BakhtiarpurBariahiSaharsa –Madhepura – Banmankhi – Purnia Maheshkhunt – Sonbarsa Raj – Simri Bakhtiarur – Bariahi – Saharsa – Madhepura – Banmankhi – Purnia Bihar (145) 145
110 Junction with NH 98 – Arwal – Jehanabad – BandhuganjKakoEkangarsarai – Bihar Sharif – Junction with Junction with NH 98 – Arwal – Jehanabad – Bandhuganj – Kako – Ekangarsarai – Biharsharif – Junction with NH 31 Bihar (89) 89

Railways[edit]

Bihar is well-connected by railway lines to the rest of India. Most of the towns are interconnected among themselves, and they also are directly connected to Kolkata, Delhi and Mumbai. Patna, Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga, Katihar, Barauni, Chhapra, Bhagalpur and Gaya are Bihar's best-connected railway stations.

Indian Railways has created East Central Railway on October 1, 2002 with headquarter at Hajipur. It comprises Samastipur, Sonpur divisions of North Eastern Railway and Danapur, Mughalsarai, and Dhanbad divisions of Eastern Railway.

Water transport[edit]

Map showing national inland waterways-1 and various river ports or terminals along its stretch.
Patna river port on national inland waterways-1 at Gai Ghat

Bihar is connected by National Waterways No. 1 which established in October 1986. This National Waterways has fixed terminals at Haldia, BISN (Kolkata), Pakur, Farrakka and Patna. This National Waterways has also floating terminals facilities at Haldia, Kolkata, Diamond Harbour, Katwa, Tribeni, Baharampur, Jangipur, Bhagalpur, Semaria, Doriganj, Ballia, Ghazipur, Varanasi, Chunar and Allahabad.

Air transport[edit]

Patna airport is connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Lucknow, and Ranchi. It is categorized as a restricted international airport, with customs facilities to receive international chartered flights. Gaya Airport, airport is a small international airport connected to Colombo, Singapore, Bangkok and more. Air Deccan (Delhi, Kolkata), Jetlite (Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Ranchi), Indian (Delhi, Ranchi) and Jet Airways (Delhi) are the main [airlines] which are operating from Patna airport. In 2009, Patna airport registered a 42.8 per cent growth on aircraft movement, the highest in the country, handling 7,456 flights compared to 5,220 in 2008-09.[1] Weekly Shared Chartered Plane Service between Patna and Kolkata via Purnea is also available at affordable rates.[2]

Airports[edit]

City served ICAO IATA Name Type
Patna VEPT PAT Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport (Patna Airport) Restricted International Airport
Gaya VEGY GAY Gaya Airport International Airport
Muzzafarpur VEMZ MZU Muzzafarpur Airport Restricted
Purnia (Purnea) VEPU PUI Purnea Airport Restricted
Raxaul VERL Raxaul Airport Restricted
Bhagalpur Bhagalpur Airport Restricted
Gopalganj Sabeya Airport Restricted
Jogbani Jogbani Airport[3] Restricted

Helipads[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]