Transport in Bolivia
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2013)|
Transport in Bolivia is mostly by road. The railways were historically important in Bolivia, but now play a relatively small part in the country's transport system. Because of the country's geography, aviation is also important.
- 3,504 km 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) gauge; (2006)
- The eastern and western networks are joined only via Argentina, due to slow progress on a direct link.
- Argentina - yes - 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) both countries
- Brazil - yes - 1,000 mm gauge both countries
- Chile - yes - 1,000 mm gauge both countries; break of gauge where Chile is 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) gauge
- Peru - Shipping from 1,000 mm railhead in Guaqui to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) railhead in Puno across Lake Titicaca, see Peru train ferry
Towns served by rail
total: 62,479 km
paved: 3,749 km (including 27 km of expressways)
unpaved: 58,730 km (2004)
Waterways: 10,000 km of commercially navigable waterways (2007)
Ports and harbors
- In October 2010, Peru granted Bolivia port facilities and a free-trade zone as part of larger series of agreements strengthening bilateral relations between the two countries. Bolivia was granted about 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) of port facilities on a 99-year lease at the Port of Ilo on Peru's southern Pacific coast. A similar agreement, signed by then Bolivian president Jaime Paz Zamora in 1992, never materialized for a lack of investment in infrastructure. Bolivia has free port privileges in the maritime ports of Argentina, Brazil, and Chile.
Paraguay River (international waterway)
Airports - with paved runways:
Airports - with unpaved runways:
This article was adapted from the CIA World Factbook 2009.