Transport in Fukuoka-Kitakyushu
Transport in Fukuoka-Kitakyushu is similar to that of other large cities in Japan, but with a high degree of private transport. The region is a hub of international ferry services and has a high degree of air connectivity and a considerable rail transport network, complemented with highways and surface streets. It includes public and private rail and highway networks; airports for international, domestic, and general aviation; buses; motorcycle delivery services, walking, bicycling, and commercial shipping. The foci of the public transport system are Hakata Station, Tenjin Station, and Kokura Station, in Fukuoka and Kitakyushu cities respectively. Between these two cities lies a more sparse weblike regional rail network.
The transit network consists of 32 surface and subterranean railway lines (see section on rail transport) operated by several and private operators. Monorails, trams, fixed-guideway lines and buses support this primary rail network. Like other cities in Japan, walking and bicycling is common.
- 1 Rail transport
- 2 Bridges
- 3 Road transport
- 4 Air transport
- 5 Maritime transport
- 6 Other modes
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The passenger rail network in Fukuoka-Kitakyushu metropolitan area (see also Northern Kyushu) is dense around the cities of Fukuoka and Kitakyushu and Shimonoseki, declining in density between and around the two primary cities. Passenger railway usage and density is lower than that of Greater Tokyo or Greater Osaka, with the region having a little less than 6 million people. Similar to other areas of Japan, few free maps exist of the entire network; only stations of a their respective company and key transfer points are shown. The Sanyō Shinkansen serves as the backbone of intercity rail transport connecting Hakata and Kokura Stations to Honshu. Kyūshū Shinkansen lines are completed on March 12, 2011 running to Kagoshima.
There are 33 operating passenger rail lines and a tourist-oriented cable car line in the Fukuoka-Kitakyushu area .
List of passenger railway lines in operation
List of cable car systems in operation
Local and regional highways
Major area expressways include:
- Fukuoka Urban Expressway
- Kitakyūshū Urban Expressway
- Kyūshū Expressway
- Nagasaki Expressway
- Ōita Expressway
- Nishi-Kyūshū Expressway
- Higashi-Kyūshū Expressway
- Chugoku Expressway
- Sanyō Expressway
Several private and public bus companies operate with hundreds of routes throughout the region. Most local bus routes complement existing rail service to form an effective intermodal transit network.
Fukuoka Airport is the busiest airport in the region, serving international and domestic flights. Kitakyūshū Airport is an international airport built on an artificial island in the Inland Sea, and serves as a major cargo hub for Kityakyushu area factories as well as a relief airport for Fukuoka.
There are also a number of Japan Air Self-Defense Force airfields.
Major area seaports include:
Because of its geographic proximity to Korea and China, the region is the major hub in Japan for international passenger ferries. Pukwan Ferry, Camelia Line, and high-speed ferry Beetle (JR Kyushu), Kobee operate out of both Hakata and Shimonseki, there are also ferry services to Shanghai and Dalian in China, Busan, Ulsan in Korea.
Within the Kanmon-Kitakyūshū area, there are three commuter ferry lines: the Wakato Ferry, the Kanmon Straits Ferry, and the Kanmon Straits Liner. There are services to some small islands near Kitakyushu and Fukuoka from their respective cities as well.
Shipping plays a major role moving freight in and out of the Fukuoka-Kitakyushu area. Finished automobiles for export are handled by ports in the region. With just-in-time requirements of automobile manufacturers and suppliers, Kitakyūshū Airport plays an important role as a hub for cargo and logistics.
The region is home to three regasification LNG terminals.
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Greater Fukuoka is little different from the rest of Japan in the other modes of transport.
- Fukuoka-Kitakyushu Railway Network Map (English)