Transport in Georgia (country)

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For Soviet transportation, see Transport in the Soviet Union.

Railways[edit]

Main article: Georgian Railway


total: 1,683 km in common carrier service; does not include industrial lines
broad gauge: 1,583 km of 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) gauge (1993)
narrow gauge: 100 km of 914 mm (3 ft) gauge.

City with metro system: Tbilisi (see Tbilisi Metro).

  • In April 2005, an agreement was signed to build a railway from Turkey through Georgia to Azerbaijan (see Kars Baku Tbilisi railway line). The line under construction is using Standard gauge until Akhalkalaki. There will be axle change station for wagons to proceed with broad gauge to Baku.[1]
  • In August 2007, Georgia handed over the management rights of the state-owned Georgian Railway company to the U.K.-based company Parkfield Investment for 89 years.[2]

Railway links with adjacent countries[edit]

2007[edit]

Towns served by rail[edit]

Highways[edit]

National roads of Georgia

The road network in Georgia consists of 1,474 kilometers of main or international highways that are considered to be in good condition and some 18,821 kilometers of secondary and local roads that are, generally, in poor condition.[3] Only 7,854 km out of over 20,000 km of Georgian roads are paved.[4]

Main roads
Number E-road Route Length (km) Notes
[ს 1] E60 / E97 TbilisiGoriKutaisiZugdidiSokhumi 552
[ს 2] E60 / E70 SenakiPotiKobuletiBatumi 119
[ს 3] E117 MtskhetaGudauriStepantsminda 139
[ს 4] E60 TbilisiRustavi 57
[ს 5] TbilisiSagarejoLagodekhi 160
[ს 6] E117 TbilisiMarneuliBolnisiDmanisi 97
[ს 7] E001 MarneuliSadakhlo 34
[ს 8] E691 KhashuriBorjomiAkhaltsikheVale 97
[ს 9] E60 Tbilisi 49
[ს 10] GoriTskhinvaliJavaRoki Tunnel 94
[ს 11] E691 AkhaltsikheAkhalkalakiNinotsminda 110
[ს 12] E692 SamtrediaLanchkhutiSupsa 57

Motorways[edit]

Georgia has a small motorway system, that is currently under development, essentially with the construction of a motorway that will link Tbilisi, the capital, and Kutaisi, Georgia's second largest city. The only current multilane road in the country is part of the ს 1 highway, which runs from Tbilisi until Urbnisi, a village past Gori, and extends on a length of 90 km, bypassing Mtskheta and Gori.


Pipelines[edit]

Crude oil 370 km; refined products 300 km; natural gas 440 km (1992)

Black Sea Ports and harbors[edit]

Batumi, P'ot'i, Sokhumi, Kulevi Oil Terminal

Merchant marine[edit]


total: 17 ships (with a volume of 1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 103,080 GRT/158,803 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: cargo ship 10, chemical tanker 1, petroleum tanker 6 (1999 est.)

Airports[edit]

28 (1994 est.) In February 2007 a brand new, modern and fully equipped international Airport was inaugurated in Tbilisi.

Airports - with paved runways[edit]


total: 14
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 7
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (1994 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways[edit]


total: 14
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 6 (1994 est.)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]