Transport in Greater Nagoya
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Transport in Greater Nagoya (Chūkyō) is similar to that of the Tokyo and Osaka, but is more automobile oriented, as the urban density is less than Japan's two primary metropolises, and major automobile manufacturers like Toyota are based here. Still, compared to most cities of its size worldwide it has a considerable rail transport network with 3 million passenger trips daily, with a similar density and extent of passenger rail to London or New York City, complemented with highways and surface streets for private motor transport. It includes public and private rail and highway networks; airports for international, domestic, and general aviation; buses; motorcycle delivery services, walking, bicycling, and commercial shipping. The nexus of the public transport system is Nagoya Station. Every region of Greater Nagoya, also known as the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area (中京圏?), has rail or road transport services, and the area as a whole is served by sea and air links.
Public transport within Greater Nagoya has a rather extensive public transit system, only surpassed in Japan by those of Greater Tokyo and Greater Osaka. The core of the transit network consists of 47 surface and subterranean railway lines in operation (see section Rail transport), run by numerous public and private operators; monorails, trams, fixed-guideway lines and buses support this primary rail network. Like other cities in Japan, walking and bicycling not only to destinations but to railway stations are much more common than in many cities around the globe.
Compared to Tokyo and Osaka, usage of automobiles is rather high in Greater Nagoya. In 2001, 56.3% of trips were made using cars, 10% by railway, 1% by bus, 17.8% by walking, 14.5% by two-wheelers (including delivery services).
- 1 Rail transport
- 2 Bus rapid transit
- 3 Road transport
- 4 Air transport
- 5 Maritime transport
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The passenger rail network in Greater Nagoya is fairly dense with 3 million passenger daily (1.095 billion annually). Passenger railway usage and density is lower than that of Greater Tokyo or Greater Osaka, as generally the trend in Japan, few free maps exist of the entire network, operators show only the stations of a their respective company and key transfer points. In addition to above-ground and below-ground rail lines, the Tōkaidō Shinkansen serves as the backbone of intercity rail transport. The Chuo Shinkansen is planned to pass through Nagoya.
List of passenger railway lines in operation
List of cable car systems in operation
List of freight-only lines in operation
Bus rapid transit
Local and regional highways
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- Chūō Expressway
- Chita-Hanto Expressway
- Tōkai-Hokuriku Expressway
- Tōkai Ring Expressway
- Tomei Expressway
- Meishin Expressway
- Higashi-Meihan Expressway
- Isewangan Expressway
- New Tōmei Expressway (under construction)
There are numerous private and public bus companies with hundreds of routes throughout the region. Most local bus routes complement existing rail service to form an effective intermodal transit network.
Like those in other major cities, an extensive network of intercity buses spreads out across the country from Nagoya.
There are also a number of Japan Air Self-Defense Force military airfields.
Major area seaports include:
Nagoya's ferry connections are not so extensive, as Osaka and cities west of it serve as the primary Japanese passenger ports for trips to/from Asia. Some routes between Tokyo and Osaka make stops at Nagoya.
Shipping plays a crucial role for moving freight in and out of the Greater Nagoya area, with finished automobiles for export are handled by ports in the region. However, with the just-in-time requirements of automobile manufacturers and suppliers regional airports also handle much cargo.