Transport in Greece
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Transport in Greece has undergone significant changes in the past two decades, vastly modernizing the country's infrastructure. Although ferry transport between islands remains the prominent method of transport between the nation's islands, improvements to the road infrastructure, rail, urban transport, and airports have all led to a vast improvement in transportation. These upgrades have played a key role in supporting Greece's economy, which in the past decade has come to rely heavily on the construction industry.
- total: 2,571 km (764 km are (or will be) electrified)
- standard gauge: 1,565 km 1.435-m gauge
- narrow gauge: 961 km 1.000-m gauge; 22 km 0.750-m gauge
- dual gauge: 23 km combined 1.435 m and 1.000-m gauges (three rail system) (2004)
Cities with a rapid transit railway network:
- Athens (3 lines - officially 2 lines, since Athens-Chalkida line is not currently considered as a Proastiakos commuter rail line.)
- Thessaloniki (2 lines)
- Patras (1 line)
- As of 2010, Greece has 1600 km of motorways, while by 2015 it is estimated it will have a total of 2800 km.
- total: 117,000 km
- paved: 107,406 km
- unpaved: 9,594 km (1996 est.)
- over 2500 underground tunnels (est.)
Urban bus transport
- ETHEL organizes mass bus transit in Athens.
- ILPAP organizes mass trolleybus transit in Athens.
- OASTH organizes mass bus transit in Thessaloniki.
- Companies named Astiko KTEL provide mass bus transit in many of the other cities of Greece.
Intercity and regional bus transport
KTEL is the common name for every company which is responsible for intercity and regional bus transit. Most of the regional units, though, have their own regional network of buses, and have their regional unit names labeled on KTEL vehicles that operate there. (e.g. KTEL Argolidas).
The 80 km system consists of three coastal canals including the Corinth Canal (6 km) and three unconnected rivers. The Corinth Canal crosses the Isthmus of Corinth, connecting the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf; and shortens the sea voyage from the Adriatic to Piraeus by 325 km.
Ports and harbours
- Irakleio, Crete
- total: 3338 ships (with a volume of 1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 109,377,819 GRT/182,540,868 metric tons deadweight (DWT)
- ships by type (1999 est.)
- bulk carrier: 273
- cargo ship: 60
- chemical tanker: 22
- combination bulk: 5
- combination ore/oil: 8
- container ship: 43
- Liquified Gas Carrier: 5
- multi-functional large load carrier: 1
- passenger ship: 12
- passenger/cargo: 2
- petroleum tanker: 245
- refrigerated cargo: 3
- roll-on/roll-off ship: 19
- short-sea passenger: 75
- specialized tanker: 4
- vehicle carrier: 2
- total: 82 (2005)
- With paved runways: 67
- over 3,047 m: 5
- 2,438 to 3,047 m: 16
- 1,524 to 2,437 m: 19
- 914 to 1,523 m: 17
under 914 m: 10 (2005)
- With unpaved runways: 15
- 914 to 1,523 m: 3
- under 914 m: 12 (2005)
- heliports: 8 (2005)
- crude oil: 26 km
- petroleum products: 547 km
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.
- The Hellenic Merchant Maritime Sector: A Historical and Business Overview (Balkanalysis.com)