Transport in Kuwait

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As an oil rich nation, Transport in Kuwait is largely road based, one car for every 2.25 people. Bus services make up Kuwait's entire public transport network, as the country has no rail infrastructure. Several railways are planned, including a Kuwait City metro. Kuwait has several maritime ports along the Persian Gulf. There are seven airports, the largest of which is Kuwait International Airport.

Railways[edit]

Kuwait doesn't have any rail infrastructure, though increasing congestion on the country's roads has led to several railway projects being planned.[1] Kuwait City would form one terminus of the proposed Gulf Railway, a 2,000 km (1,200 mi) railway network which will run from Kuwait to Oman, via cities across the Gulf.[2]A four line, 171 km (106 mi), metro network within Kuwait city is also in the planning stages.[3][4]

Metro[edit]

Main article: Kuwait Metropolitan Rapid Transit System Project

The Kuwait Metropolitan Rapid Transit System Project is a planned four-line metro network which will total 160 km with 69 stations.[5]

Road transport[edit]

As a nation with one car to every 2.25 people,[6] Kuwait relies heavily on its road network for transportation. The total length of paved and unpaved roads was 6,524km in 2009.[7] Traffic congestion is common throughout the day, particularly in Kuwait City.[8]

Kuwait has one of the highest traffic accident death rates in the world, with hundreds of people killed, and thousands injured, every year.[9] In the first half of 2012 the number of tickets issued for violations of traffic laws exceeded the number of registered vehicles.[10]

As there are no railways country's public transport network consists almost entirely of bus routes. The state owned Kuwait Public Transportation Company was established in 1962. It runs local bus routes across Kuwait as well as longer distance services to other Gulf states.[11] The main private bus company is CityBus, which operates about 20 routes across the country.[12] Another private bus company, Kuwait Gulf Link Public Transport Services, was started in 2006. It runs local bus routes across Kuwait and longer distance services to neighbouring Arab countries.[13]

Ports and harbors[edit]

The Ash Shu'aybah port

Kuwait lies on the Persian Gulf and ports include: Ash Shu'aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Kuwait, Mina' 'Abd Allah, Mina' al Ahmadi, Mina' Su'ud

Merchant marine[edit]


total: 38 ships (1000 GRT or over) 2,294,233 GRT/3,730,776 DWT
ships by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 1, container 6, liquefied gas 5, livestock carrier 4, petroleum tanker 20
foreign-owned: 1 (Iran 1)
registered in other countries:29 (Bahrain 3, Comoros 1, Liberia 1, Libya 1, Panama 2, Qatar 7, Saudi Arabia 6, UAE 8) (2005)

Airports[edit]

7 (2006)

Airports - with paved runways[edit]


total: 4
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

Airports - with unpaved runways[edit]


total: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m m: 1
under 914 m: 2 (2005)

Heliports[edit]

5 (2006)

National Airline[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kuwait Metro System, Kuwait City, Kuwait, railway-technology.com, retrieved 16 March 2013 
  2. ^ "Single rail network to link Kuwait & Oman by 2017". Visit Kuwait. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Railway Gazette International July 2008 p409 with map
  4. ^ "Kuwait finalising ambitious metro plans". Railway Gazette International. 22 May 2008. 
  5. ^ "Kuwait metro procurement to begin soon". Railway Gazette International. 21 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "TRAFFIC SAFETY AND ROAD CONDITIONS:". Bureau of Consular Affairs. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Roads, total network (km)". World Bank. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Kuwait’s traffic nightmare – MPW sees hurdles in executing projects". Kuwait Times. 6 December 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  9. ^ Ben Garcia (5 January 2011). "31% jump in Kuwait road fatalities in 2011". Kuwait Times. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "227 killed in road accidents in six months". Kuwait Times. 30 September 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Public Transport Services". Kuwait Public Transportation Company. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  12. ^ . Arab Times http://www.arabtimesonline.com/RSS/tabid/69/smid/414/ArticleID/169182/Default.asp. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ "Public Transport Services". KGL. Retrieved 13 November 2013.