Transport in Latvia
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This article provides an overview of the transport infrastructure of Latvia.
It is mandatory to keep headlights on while driving, even in daylight; most cars commercially sold in Latvia are equipped to make this automatic.
|A1||E67||Rīga - Ainaži (EE border)||101|
|A2||E77||Rīga - Sigulda - Veclaicene (EE border)||196|
|A3||E264||Inčukalns - Valmiera - Valka (EE border)||101|
|A4||E67 E77||Rīga ring road (Baltezers - Saulkalne)||20|
|A5||E67 E77||Rīga ring road (Salaspils - Babīte)||40|
|A6||E22 E262||Rīga - Daugavpils - Krāslava - Pāternieki (BY border)||307|
|A7||E67||Rīga - Bauska - Grenctāle (LT border)||85|
|A8||E77||Rīga - Jelgava - Meitene (LT border)||76|
|A9||Rīga - Skulte - Liepāja||199|
|A10||E22||Rīga - Ventspils||190|
|A11||Liepāja - Rucava (LT border)||57|
|A12||E22 E262||Jēkabpils - Rēzekne - Ludza - Terehova (RU border)||166|
|A13||E262||Grebņeva (RU border) - Rēzekne - Daugavpils - Medumi (LT border)||163|
|A14||E262||Daugavpils ring road (Tilti - Kalkūne)||15|
|A15||E262||Rēzekne ring road||7|
Latvia has a rather small system of multilane highways, mainly due to the small demand for larger spaces in national highways. Current multilane motorways/freeways are:
- A2 - Motorway runs from Riga until Sigulda. Length: 51 km.
- A6 - Motorway runs from Riga until Ogre, with a length of 36 km.; and from Nīcgale until Daugavpils, with a length of 26 km.
- A8 - Motorway runs from Riga until Dalbe. Length: 28 km.
Length of the road system
|Roads||Paved, km||Unpaved, km||Total, km|
|Regional roads (P)||4189.9||1127.5||5317.4|
|Local roads (V)||2616.7||10533.4||13150.1|
|Private house roads||500||3000||3500|
Latvian Railways is the main state-owned railyway company in Latvia. Its daughter companies both carry out passengers services as well as carry a large quantity of freight cargo, and freight trains operate over the whole current passenger network, and a number of lines currently closed to passenger services.
There is also a narrow gauge railway between Gulbene and Aluksne, operated by the Industrial Heritage Trust, using Russian and Polish built heritage rolling stock. Three narrow gauge trains a day operate on the 33 km route between the two towns.
Domestic passenger lines with current service are:
- Torņakalns – Tukums II Railway
- Riga – Jelgava Railway
- Jelgava – Liepāja Railway
- Riga – Daugavpils Railway
- Krustpils – Rēzekne – Zilupe (border of Russia)
- Rīga – Sigulda – Cēsis – Valmiera – Valga (border of Estonia)
- Zemitāni – Skulte Railway
- Pļaviņas – Gulbene
Riga International Airport is the only major airport in Latvia, carrying around 5 million passengers annually. It is the largest airport in the Baltic states and has direct flights to over 80 destinations in 30 countries including a nonstop transatlantic flight to New York-JFK operated by Uzbekistan Airlines year-round. It is also the main hub of airBaltic.
As of 2003, there were a total of 51 airfields in Latvia, with 27 of them having paved runways.
Airports - with paved runways total: 27
2,438 to 3,047 m: 7
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 16 (2003)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 24
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,523 to 2,438 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 20 (2003)
Ports and harbors
Key ports are located in Riga (Freeport of Riga and Riga Passenger Terminal), Ventspils (Free port of Ventspils), and Liepāja (Port of Liepāja). Most transit traffic uses these and half the cargo is crude oil and oil products.
300 km (perennially navigable)
total: 11 ships (with a volume of 1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 53,153 GRT/37,414 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Germany 1, Greece 1, Ukraine 1 (2002 est.)
ships by type: cargo ship 6, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 2, roll-on/roll-off ship 1, short-sea/passenger 1
- Latvia, World Bank
- History of railroad construction in Latvia
- Ministry of Transport of Republic of Latvia
- Transport in Latvia