Transport in Madagascar

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Railways[edit]

Railways on Madagascar.svg

The northern railway (TCE) is concessioned to Madarail. The southern line, Fianarantsoa-Côte-Est railway (FCE), is a parastatal line.


total: 875 km (544 mi)
narrow gauge: 875 km (544 mi) 1.000-m gauge (2006)

There are two unconnected systems. (see picture at right)——>


Interfaces[edit]

  • Continuous Brakes: The pad rubs against the wheel, creating friction which stops the train.
  • Couplers: Centre buffer and two side hooks and chains.[1]

Cities served by rail[edit]

Highways[edit]

total: 49,837 km (30,967 mi)
paved: 5,781 km (3,648 mi)
unpaved: 44,056 km (27,375 mi) (1996 est.)

Routes Nationales (National roads)[edit]

Number Length (km) Runs through: Condition:
N1 149 km Antananarivo - Analavory - Tsiroanomandidy - Belobaka parts are paved
N1b 94 km Analavory - Babetville - Tsiroanomandidy
N2 367 km Antananarivo - Toamasina paved, good condition
N3 91 km Antananarivo - Anjozorobe - Lake Alaotra paved
N3a 180 km Lake Alaotra - Andilamena paved, good condition
N3b 106 km Sambava - Andapa paved, good condition
N4 km Antananarivo - Mahajanga paved
N5 402 km Toamasina - Maroantsetra first 160 km paved, remaining: unpaved in bad condition
N5a 406 km Ambilobe - Antalaha unpaved between Ambilobe - Vohemar

remaining paved, in good condition

N6 727 km Antsiranana - Ambondromamy paved
N7 km Antananarivo - Tulear paved, good condition
N8 198 km Morondava - Belo-sur-Tsiribihina - Bekopaka unpaved
N8a 119 km Maintirano - Antsalova
N9 382 km Tuléar - Bevoay - Manja - Mandabe unpaved
N10 512 km Andranovory - Beloha - Ambovombe unpaved
N11 103 km Mananjary - Nosy Varika unpaved, bad condition
N11a 125 km junction RN2Vatomandry

Ilaka Atsinana - Mahanoro

partly paved
N12 300 km IrondroManakara - Farafangana - Vangaindrano paved, partly in bad condition
N12a 238 km Tôlanaro (Fort Dauphin) - Manantenina - Vangaindrano unpaved, bad condition
N13 506 km Ihosy - Ambovombe - Tôlanaro (Fort Dauphin) unpaved between Ihosy - Ambovombe, paved but bad condition from Ambovombe - Tôlanaro (Fort Dauphin)
N22 38 km Fenoarivo Atsinanana (Fénérive) - Vavatenina mostly paved
N24 45 km Mananjary - Vohilava, Mananjary unpaved
N25 161 km AmbohimahasoaIrondro - Mananjary partly paved, partly unpaved in bad condition
N27 275 km Ihosy - Ivohibe - Farafangana largely unpaved
N31 129 km Antsohihy - Bealanana mostly paved
N32 200 km Antsohihy - Mandritsara unpaved
N33 340 km Ambatondrazaka - Ambondromamy unpaved
N34 368 km AntsirabeMiandrivazo - Malaimbandy AntsirabeMiandrivazo: paved; Miandrivazo - Malaimbandy: unpaved
N35 460 km AmbositraMalaimbandy - Morondava paved, bad condition
N41 km Ambositra - Fandriana
N43 km AnalavoryAmpefySoavinandrianaAmbohibary - Sambaina paved
N44 km Moramanga - Ambatondrazaka -Imerimandroso partly paved
N55 78 km Bevoay - Morombe unpaved

The majority of "paved" roads outside the capital can no longer be considered so due to heavy use, erosion and lack of maintenance. Due to excessive rainfall in the regions, land slides have depleted roads.[citation needed]

Waterways[edit]

Of local importance only; isolated streams and small portions of Lakandranon' Ampangalana (Canal des Pangalanes) navigated by pirogue. Coastal inter-city transport routes, especially on the west coast.

Ports and harbors[edit]

Antsiranana, Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara, Port d'Ehola (Tôlanaro). The country's principal cargo port is Toamasina Autonomous Port.[2]

Merchant marine[edit]

total: 13 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 24,819 GRT/34,173 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: cargo 7, chemical tanker 1, liquified gas 1, petroleum tanker 2, roll-on/roll-off 2 (1999 est.)

Airports - with paved runways[edit]

Main international airport in Madagascar is Ivato International Airport (Antananarivo).

For other airports see: List of airports in Madagascar.

total: 29
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 20
under 914 m: 2 (1999 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways[edit]

total: 104
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 59
under 914 m: 42 (1999 est.)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]