Transport in Peru
- 1 Railways
- 2 Highways
- 3 Waterways
- 4 Pipelines
- 5 Ports and harbors
- 6 Merchant marine
- 7 Airports and airlines
- 8 External links
- 9 See also
- 10 References
total: 2,374 km
standard gauge: 1,608 km, 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) gauge
narrow gauge: 380 km, 3 ft (914 mm) gauge
There are two unconnected principal railways in Peru.
The Ferrocarril Central Andino (FCCA; the former Ferrocarril Central del Perú) runs inland from Callao and Lima across the Andes watershed to La Oroya and Huancayo. It is the second highest railway in the world (following opening of the Qingzang railway in Tibet), with the Galera summit tunnel under Mount Meiggs at 4,783 m (15,692 ft) and Galera station at 4,777 m (15,673 ft) above sea level. In 1955 the railway opened a spur line from La Cima on the Morococha branch (4,818 m (15,807 ft) above sea level) to Volcán Mine, reaching an (at the time) world record altitude of 4,830 m (15,850 ft). Both branch and spur have since closed to traffic. From Huancayo the route is extended by the Ferrocarril Huancayo - Huancavelica. In July 2006 FCCA began work to regauge the Huancavelica line from 3 ft (0.91 m) to standard gauge and it was finished in 2010. There was also a proposal for a 21 km tunnel under the Andes.
The Ferrocarriles del Sur del Perú (FCS), now operated by PeruRail, runs from the coast at Matarani to Cuzco, and to Puno on Lake Titicaca. From Cuzco, PeruRail runs the 3 ft (0.91 m) gauge line to Aguas Calientes for Machu Picchu.
- UN Map
- UNHCR Map for Peru and Ecuador
- Road maps by Ministry of Transportation and Communication (pdf files)
- in March 2009, gauge conversion from Huancayo to Huancavelica from 914 mm (3 ft) to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) proceeds. By October 2010 it was finished and it is in service now.
Lima has a metro service or Lima Metro, also called Tren electrico. The line has an extension of 21.9 km. with 16 stations, and goes from downtown to the southern districts. The northern branch of this line of 11.9 km. is under construction (2012).
total: 85,900 km
paved: 45,000 km (Of which approximately 350 km. of divided multi-line roads)
unpaved: 40,900 km (1999 est.)
The Pan American Highway runs the country from north to south next to the coast, from Tumbes (Ecuadoran border) to Tacna (Chilean border). From Arequipa a branch goes to Puno and then to Bolivia. Other important highways are the Longitudinal de la Sierra, that goes from north to south in the highlands; and the Carretera Central, that goes from Lima (in the coast) to Pucallpa (in the jungle).
Long distance buses
Inter-city travel in Peru is almost exclusively done in long distance buses. Buses in most of the cities depart from bus terminals called terminal terrestre. The main bus companies that serve Lima with the major cities include Cruz del Sur and Ormeño. Other companies are Civa, Tepsa, Cial, Flores and Oltursa.
Ports and harbors
Airports and airlines
According to a 1999 estimate there are 234 airports in Peru. Jorge Chavez International Airport, in Lima is Peru's main national and international gateway, with an estimate of 98 percent of all international flights into Peru landing at this airport. Other important airports are located in Cusco, Arequipa, Iquitos and Piura.
Airports - with paved runways:
over 3,047 m: 7
2,438 to 3,047 m: 17
1,524 to 2,437 m: 12
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 1 (1999 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 26
914 to 1,523 m: 67
under 914 m: 94 (1999 est.)
International airlines connecting Peru with North America, Europe and other Latin American countries include: Delta Air Lines, American Airlines, Continental Airlines, United Airlines, Air Canada, Iberia, Air France, KLM, LAN Airlines, TAM, Avianca, AeroMexico, and TACA.
Airlines in Peru with domestic service in Peru include LAN Peru, Star Peru, Peruvian Airlines, LC Busre, and TACA Peru. Charter and Cargo airlines include Aero Transporte S.A., and Cielos Airlines. Former Peruvian airlines include Aero Continente, AeroPerú and Faucett.
- Cruz del Sur
- South America buses
- Brief historical summary of the railroads in Peru
- Marshall, John (1989). The Guinness Railway Book. Enfield: Guinness. ISBN 0-85112-359-7.
- "Huancavelica upgrade". Railway Gazette International. 2006-06-01.
- Whetham, Robert D. (2008). Railways of Peru. Volume 2 – The Central and Southern Lines. Bristol: Trackside Publications. ISBN 978-1-900095-37-2.