Transport in Senegal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This article describes the system of transport in Senegal, both public and private. This system comprises roads (both paved and unpaved), rail transport, water transport, and air transportation.

Roads[edit]

The system of roads in Senegal is extensive by West African standards, with paved roads reaching each corner of the country and all major towns.

International highways[edit]

Dakar is the endpoint of three routes in the Trans-African Highway network. These are as follows:

Senegal's road network links closely with those of the Gambia, since the shortest route between south-western districts on the one hand and west-central and north-western districts on the other is through the Gambia.

National roads[edit]

The most important roads in Senegal are prefixed "N" and numbered from 1 to 7:

Regional roads[edit]

Railways[edit]

Further information: Railway stations in Senegal

total: 906 km
narrow gauge: 906 km of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) gauge (70 km double track)

Maps[edit]

Ground transport[edit]

A Car Rapide in Senegal, a common mode of transportation.
Main article: Roads in Senegal

There were an estimated 4,271 km of paved roads and 10,305 km of unpaved roads as of 1996.

Taxis (black-yellow or blue-yellow in color) are cheap, numerous and available everywhere in Dakar.[1] It is customary to negotiate the fare since most meters installed in the taxis are broken or missing.[1] For travel outside Dakar, public transportation is available but often unreliable and uncomfortable.[1]

Waterways[edit]

897 km total; 785 km on the Senegal river, and 112 km on the Saloum River.

Ports and harbours[edit]

Dakar has one of the largest deep-water seaports along the West African coast.[1] Its deep-draft structure and 640-foot-wide (200 m) access channel allows round-the-clock access to the port.[1] Its current infrastructure includes tanker vessel loading and unloading terminals, a container terminal with a storage capacity of 3000 20-foot-equivalent units, a cereals and fishing port, a dedicated phosphate terminal and a privately run ship repair facility.[1] The port’s location at the extreme western point of Africa, at the crossroad of the major sea-lanes linking Europe to South America, makes it a natural port of call for shipping companies.[1] Total freight traffic averages 10 million metric tons.[1]

Airports[edit]

Air Senegal International is Senegal's flag carrier.

There were an estimated 20 airports in 1999. The Léopold Sédar Senghor International Airport at Dakar is the hub of the sub-region.[1] Dakar is linked to numerous African cities by air, and daily flights go to Europe.[1] Delta Air Lines flies daily to/from Atlanta/Dakar/Johannesburg.[1] South African Airways flies daily to New York and Washington, D.C. from Johannesburg via Dakar.[1]

A new international airport which carries the name of Blaise Diagne is under construction at Diass.[2]

Airports - with paved runways[edit]

total: 10
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (1999 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways[edit]

total: 10
1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 1 (1999 est.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Senegal Country Commercial Guide 2008. U.S. Commercial Service (2008).  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ Aéroport International Blaise Diagne

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.