Transport in the United Arab Emirates

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Private vehicles[edit]

Private vehicles are commonly used. Driving licenses are available to those of at least 18 years. Women are allowed to drive. An extensive and modern road network connects the main coastal cities; the desert is less developed.[citation needed]


The first bus service started in 1969 in Abu Dhabi and today there are dozens of bus routes, both intra-city and inter-city.[citation needed]

Air transport[edit]

The UAE has well-developed air travel infrastructure. The General Civil Aviation Authority(GCAA) started applying an advanced program in 2010 that allows the assessment of aircraft registered in foreign countries in order to ensure their safety and airworthiness.[1] In 2011 it banned all aircraft registered in countries like Congo DR, Swaziland, Equatorial Guinea, Sierra Leone and São Tomé and Príncipe due to their poor safety standards.[2]

The biggest airports in the country are those in Dubai and Abu Dhabi. Much of the oil revenue from previous decades has gone into funding the construction and subsequent upgrade of their terminals.[citation needed]


There are 42 airports spread across the UAE as of 2012.[3]

Airports with paved runways
total: 25
over 3,047 m: 12
2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 2

Airports with unpaved runways
total: 17
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 6
under 914 m: 5

Heliports 5 are known as of 2012


Emirates airline is the biggest of the national airlines of the UAE and is owned by Dubai.[citation needed] Etihad Airways is the second largest National Airline and is owned by Abu Dhabi.[citation needed] Other airlines are flyDubai, Air Arabia and Royal Jet.


Rail does not play a large part in transportation in the UAE but investment in rail is expected to continue. Dubai is the only city in the UAE that has rail transport to assist with people movement within the city. Metro trains, and to a lesser extent trams, have helped reduce the number of vehicles on the roads of the Emirate.[citation needed]


Crude oil 830 kilometres (516 mi); natural gas, including natural gas liquids, 870 kilometres (541 mi)[citation needed]

Ports and harbors[edit]

Ajman Port, Fujairah Port, Das Island, Khalifa Port, Mina' Zayid and Mina Jabal Al Dhanna in Abu Dhabi, Khawr Fakkan, Mina Al Hemreya and, Mina' Khalid in Sharjah, Mina' Jabal 'Ali, Port Rashid in Dubai, Mina' Saqr in Ras Al Khaimah, Umm al-Qaiwain Port.[citation needed]

Merchant marine[edit]

total: 68 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,107,442 GRT/1,795,235 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 18, chemical tanker 3, container 8, liquified gas 1, livestock carrier 1, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 27, roll-on/roll-off 7, specialized tanker 1 (1999 est.)[citation needed]


Six people were killed, at least 40 were injured and dozens of vehicles burned March 11, 2008 when hundreds of cars collided on a fog-shrouded Abu Dhabi - Dubai highway.[4]

See also[edit]