Transportation Trades Department, AFL–CIO
|Full name||Transportation Trades Department, AFL-CIO|
|Key people||Edward Wytkind, President
Larry I. Willis, Secretary-Treasurer
|Office location||Washington, D.C.|
The Transportation Trades Department, AFL–CIO (TTD) is a constitutionally mandated department of the AFL–CIO. It was founded in February 1990 to provide AFL-CIO-affiliated unions whose members work in the transportation industry or who build transportation infrastructure a unified policy-making voice on transportation issues. The TTD had 33 member unions as of August 2013.
The TTD is divided into five sections, each of which covers a different area of transportation: Railroads, trucking, aviation, mass transit, and maritime transportation. Each section is headed by a president of a union in that transportation sector. Although maritime trade unions are free to join the TTD, most have not, and the TTD works closely with its sister department, the Maritime Trades Department.
Efforts to create a department within the AFL-CIO which united all transportation unions began in the 1960s. The effort received a boost two decades later when Richard I. Kilroy, President of the Brotherhood of Railway and Airline Clerks, and James Kennedy, President of the Transportation Communication Union, began advocating for a new, unified transportation trades department after the abolition of the Railway Employees Department in 1980. The idea was not well-received until after 1987, when the Teamsters (a major transportation union) reaffiliated with the AFL-CIO.
At its founding, the TTD represented 1.4 million (10 percent) of the AFL-CIO's 14 million members. Richard I. Kilroy was named the first president of the new department. Walter Shea (director of the Eastern Conference of Teamsters in Washington, D.C.) was elected Secretary-Treasurer. James Kennedy, who was also the executive director of the Railway Labor Executives' Association, was named the TTD's first (and, at the time, only) full-time professional staff person.
The TTD's inaugural convention was held in early October 1990 in Washington, D.C., with representatives from its 24 member unions (who represented more than 1 million members). The largest delegations came from the Teamsters, the International Association of Machinists, and the Association of Flight Attendants. Other unions well represented at the convention included the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, Communications Workers of America, International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union, Marine Engineers Beneficial Association, Transport Workers Union, Transportation Communication Union, United Auto Workers, and the United Steelworkers of America. Richard Kilroy was elected to a five-year term as TTD President.
Presidents and Executive Directors
In July 1991, Kilroy was defeated for re-election as president of his home union by Robert A. Scardelletti. James Kennedy resigned from the TTD in the wake of Kilroy's defeat, and Edward Wytkind, assistant executive director of the department, became executive director. Although Kilroy stepped down (as expected) as TTD president at the department's October executive board meeting, the TTD did not immediately name either an interim or permanent successor. Instead, the TTD said Secretary-Treasurer Walter Shea would "assume the duties of the presidency" until February 1992. The TTD executive board subsequently elected Shea president and V.M. Speakman (president of the Brotherhood of Railroad Signalmen) Secretary-Treasurer.
Shea's term of office ended in 1995, and Ron Carey, President of the Teamsters, was elected to take his place. But Carey was expelled from the Teamsters in July 1998 by federal government monitors after allegedly accepting illegal donations for his Teamsters re-election campaign, and Sonny Hall, President of the Transport Workers Union of America (TWU), was elected TTD president.
Hall retired at the end of his five-year term in 2003, and Edward Wytkind was elected president of the Transportation Trades Department.
New member unions
The Transportation Trades Department of the AFL-CIO originally had 24 member unions at its formation in 1990. It has had several new members join over the years. The United Transportation Union joined in 1992, becoming the 26th union affiliated.
The International Longshoremen's Association and its autonomous division, the International Organization of Masters, Mates & Pilots, affiliated in 2001, bringing the TTD's membership total to 32.
Two of the main purposes of the Transportation Trades Department are to influence national transportation policy and to speak as a unified voice for the concerns of organized labor on transportation issues. Included among the more notable issues in which the TTD has played a major role are:
- The 1991 national railroad strike.
- Safety issues (including drug and alcohol testing) in rail, truck, and air transportation.
- Trucking deregulation and the North American Free Trade Agreement.
- Railroad mergers, such as the Burlington Northern with the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe and the Union Pacific with the Southern Pacific, and the breakup of Conrail.
- Shipping deregulation.
- Amtrak reform.
- Port, rail, and air transport security issues after the 9/11 attacks, and aid for workers in transportation sectors affected by the events.
- Abramson, Howard S. "AFL-CIO Creates Transport Trades Unit." Journal of Commerce. November 17, 1989.
- Abruzzese, Leo. "Union Leaders Plan Transport Labor Group." Journal of Commerce. September 26, 1989.
- "TTD Member Unions." Transportation Trades Department, AFL-CIO. No date. Accessed 2009-11-18.
- Abrams, Alan. "Labor Pains Year In Review: Turbulence Rocks Transport Unions." Journal of Commerce. September 3, 1991.
- Kaufman, Lawrence H. "AFL-CIO Transport Unit Puts Off Leadership Vote." Journal of Commerce. October 11, 1991.
- Vail, Bruce. "New Transport Union Federation Calls for Striker Protection Law." Journal of Commerce. October 3, 1990.
- Brown, Geoffrey H. "Rail Labor Union Chief Defeated In Election." Journal of Commerce. July 19, 1991./
- Kaufman, Lawrence H. "AFL-CIO Names E. Wytkind to Head Transport Trade Unit." Journal of Commerce. September 18, 1991.
- Brown, Geoffrey H. "Transport Labor Group Elects Leaders." Journal of Commerce. February 13, 1992.
- "Personnel News." The Bulletin's Frontrunner. September 24, 1998.
- Greenhouse, Steven. "Board Expels Ron Carey From Teamsters for Life." New York Times. July 28, 1998.
- "AFL-CIO Transportation Trades Department: Edward Wytkind Elected President." Traffic World. December 22, 2003; "Today's Events In Washington." The Bulletin's Frontrunner. October 15, 2004.
- Kaufman, Lawrence H. "UTU Joins Other Rail Unions in Signing On With AFL-CIO." Journal of Commerce. January 13, 1992.
- "ILA, Pilots Union Affiliate With AFL-CIO." Journal of Commerce. January 16, 2001.
- Dine, Philip. "Rail Workers Consider Strike." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. January 29, 1991; Swoboda, Frank and Phillips, Don. "Bush Signs Hill Settlement of Rail Strike." Washington Post. April 18, 1991; Washburn, Gary. "Rail Strike Over, Traffic Jams Next." Chicago Tribune. April 19, 1991; Washburn, Gary. "Railroads Run Back to Work After Strike." Chicago Tribune. April 19, 1991.
- Solomon, Mark B. "Conferees Back Alcohol Testing in Transport." Journal of Commerce. October 4, 1991; "Half of Americans Believe More Airline Safety Regulation Needed." Associated Press. November 22, 1991; "DOT Seeks Breath Tests in Screening for Alcohol." Journal of Commerce. December 3, 1992; Weintraub, Richard M. "Transport Workers Face Random Alcohol Tests." Washington Post. December 11, 1992; Solomon, Mark B. "Labor, Transport, Airline Groups Support Change in Drug Test Rules." Journal of Commerce. February 18, 1993; Tolchin, Martin. "U.S. Imposes New Alcohol Test Rules." The New York Times. February 4, 1994; Phillips, Don. "Alcohol and Drug Testing Expanded for Transportation Workers." Washington Post. February 4, 1994.
- Brown, Geoffrey H. "Truck Deregulation Proposals Face Uphill Road in Congress." Journal of Commerce. April 1, 1992; "Transport Labor Group Says NAFTA Would Cost 500,000 American Jobs." Journal of Commerce. September 14, 1992; Watson, Rip. "Boom or Bust? Rails, Labor Spar on NAFTA Prospects." Journal of Commerce. October 27, 1993; Field, David. "Heated NAFTA Debate Splits Rails, With Owners For It, Labor Against It." The Washington Times. November 12, 1993; Burgess, Lisa. "Unions Worry About Adherence of Mexican Trucks to US Rules." Journal of Commerce. November 30, 1994; "AFL-CIO Still Wants Truck Ban." Journal of Commerce. February 20, 1997; Strop, Leigh. "Mexican Trucks Called Unsafe for U.S." Associated Press. February 13, 2001; Boyer, Dave. "Democrats Accused of Bias Over Trucks." The Washington Times. July 27, 2001; Cantlupe, Joe. "Panel Gives Mexican Trucks Green Light." Los Angeles Daily Breeze. July 13, 2001.
- Watson, Rip. "Unions, While Concerned, Stop Short of Opposing BN-Santa Fe Merger." Journal of Commerce. March 1, 1995; Phillips, Don. "Merger Plan Spurs Debate On Railroad Consolidation." Washington Post. October 21, 1995; Watson, Rip. "Rail Unions Oppose Plan for Merging of Two Pacifics." Journal of Commerce. October 2, 1995; Watson, Rip. "Transport Union Gives Nod to Proposed SP-UP Merger." Journal of Commerce. March 1, 1996; Nall, Stephanie. "Lawmakers Pressed on Conrail Impasse." Journal of Commerce. July 30, 1996; Edward, Greg. "Union Will Stand As One on Merger." The Roanoke Times. October 31, 1996; "AFL-CIO Studies Rail Merger." Charleston Gazette. November 1, 1996; McKay, Jim. "Unions Unite to Examine Proposals for Rail Merger." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. November 2, 1996; Dinsmore, Christopher. "Railroad Merger: Union Predicts Job Losses." The Virginian-Pilot. March 15, 1997; McKay, Jim. "Railroad's Breakup Puts Conrail Workers In Limbo." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. March 13, 1997; Gerdel, Thomas W. "Labor Fears Merger Will Hurt Workers." The Plain Dealer. March 22, 1997; "Unions Fight Changes at Norfolk Southern." The Roanoke Times. May 2, 1997; Sansbury, Tim. "New Course in Senate." Journal of Commerce. May 1, 1997; Elliott, Stephen. "RR Union Chiefs Picketing." Galesburg Register-Mail. May 1, 1997; Watson, Rip. "Rail Unions to Congress: Just Say No." Journal of Commerce. April 18, 1997; Dinsmore, Christopher. "Norfolk Southern, CSX in Tug of War With Unions." The Virginian-Pilot. May 6, 1997; Walker, Rob. "AFL-CIO Fights for Deal for Conrail." Richmond Times Dispatch. September 6, 1997; "Union Leaders Oppose Rail Merger." Charleston Daily Mail. September 5, 1997; Sturgeon, Jeff. "Unions Call Conrail Sale Anti-Worker." The Roanoke Times. September 5, 1997; Dinsmore, Christopher. "Rail Labor Launches Campaign in Opposition to Conrail Split." The Virginian-Pilot. September 5, 1997; Zielbauer, Paul and Moorse, Alan. "2 Meetings Air 2 Views on Conrail." Albany Times Union. September 18, 1997; Jesdaunun, Anick. "Labor Groups to Fight Conrail Plan Over Safety Issue." Associated Press. October 7, 1997; "Labor Hopes to Derail Plans to Divide Up Railroad." Charleston Daily Mail. October 8, 1997; Watson, Rip. "Shippers, Officials Slam Union Pacific." Journal of Commerce. October 28, 1997; Walker, Rob. "States, Shippers Praise Plan to Buy Conrail." Richmond Times Dispatch. October 26, 1997; Dinsmore, Christopher. "Conrail Deal Is Making Tracks." The Virginian-Pilot. October 26, 1997; Watson, Rip. "Unions Vociferous in Opposing Conrail Merger Proposal." Journal of Commerce. November 7, 1997; "Judge Restricts Potential Rail Strikes." Charleston Daily Mail. May 15, 1998.
- Sansbury, Tim and Shorrock, Tim. "AFL-CIO Opposed Ship Reform." Journal of Commerce. October 25, 1995; Nall, Stephanie. "Deregulation Fight Shifts to Ships." Journal of Commerce. December 29, 1995; Sansbury, Tim. "Port Group to Oppose Ship Reform." Journal of Commerce. April 3, 1996; Roberts, William L. "Shipping Reform Tops NITL Agenda." Journal of Commerce. March 26, 1996; Sansbury, Tim and Nall, Stephanie. "Ship Reform Legislation Washed Up for the Year." Journal of Commerce. September 13, 1996; Sansbury, Tim. "Ship Deregulation Hearings Resume." Journal of Commerce. March 20, 1997; Roberts, William L. "Shipping Reform Bill Nears Senate Approval." Journal of Commerce. November 5, 1997; Sansbury, Tim. "Shippers Assess Deregulation Bill." Journal of Commerce. November 17, 1997; Sansbury, Tim. "Industry's Ship Reform Pact Gains Support." Journal of Commerce. February 26, 1998; Sansbury, Tim. "Senate Passes Ship Deregulation." Journal of Commerce. April 22, 1998.
- Arnold, Laurence. "Unions File Lawsuit Challenging Work of Amtrak Reform Panel." Associated Press. January 22, 2002; Phillips, Don. "Council to Unveil Amtrak Plan." Washington Post. February 7, 2002; Arnold, Laurence. "Plan to Break Up Amtrak Geads to Congress." Associated Press. February 7, 2002; Arnold, Laurence. "Looming Shutdown Upstages Bush Administration Plan for Amtrak Reform." Associated Press. June 20, 2002; Arnold, Laurence. "Amtrak May Start Shutting Down Trains Next Week Without Government Help." Associated Press. June 21, 2002; Salant, Jonathon D. "Transportation Secretary Says Solution to Amtrak Problems Very Close." Associated Press. June 25, 2002; Youngman, Sam. "Amtrak Workers Trying to Derail Panic." The Commercial Appeal. June 26, 2002; "Rail Workers Union Calls for Amtrak's Board to Resign." Associated Press. April 22, 2005.
- Kirchhoff, Sue. "Aid Backed for Airlines, But Extent Is Uncertain." Boston Globe. September 19, 2001; Girion, Lisa and Cleeland, Nancy. "Airline Won't Give Workers Severance Pay." Los Angeles Times. September 25, 2001; Giriion, Lisa and Cleeland, Nancy. "Northwest Says It Also Will Not Pay Severance in Layoffs." Los Angeles Times. September 26, 2001; Eilperin Juliet and Schneider, Greg. "House GOP Refines Air Security Bill." Washington Post. November 1, 2001; Cohen, Robert. "Ports Worried By Slow Pace of Safeguards Against Terror." Newark Star-Ledger. April 14, 2002; Stannard, Matthew B. "Unions Banned For Screeners At Most Airports." San Francisco Chronicle. January 10, 2003; Geewax, Marilyn. "House OKs Plan to Aid Air Workers." Atlanta Journal-Constitution. April 9, 2003; Eaton, Joe. "Longshoremen Worry That Port Security Proposals Could Hit Them Hardest." Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service. March 16, 2004; Rose, Thom J. "U.S. Rail Security Concerns Persist." United Press International. May 5, 2004; Miller, Leslie. "Federal Rail Security Directive Issued, Says Many Requirements Already Met." Associated Press. May 21, 2004; Skrzycki, Cindy. "Business, Labor Fight Over Hazmat Handling." Washington Post. July 6, 2004; Miller, Leslia. "Government Expands Test of Transportation Worker Identity Card." Associated Press. November 17, 2004; Hirschman, Dave. "Skies Safer, Despite Woes." Atlanta Journal-Constitution. December 4, 2005; Cohn, Meredith. "Another Port Lapse: IDs." The Baltimore Sun. April 2, 2006; Cohn, Meredith. "U.S. to Screen Names at Ports." The Baltimore Sun. April 26, 2006; Waterman, Shaun. "Transportation Worker ID Plan 'Gutted'." United press International. August 24, 2006; Cohn, Meredith. "Truck Drivers Deplore Port Fee." The Baltimore Sun. January 5, 2007; Sniffen, Michael J. "AFL-CIO Criticizes Anti-Terror Screening System That Might Record Union Membership." Associated Press. October 11, 2007; McCandlish, Laura. "Closer Scrutiny Set At Ports." The Baltimore Sun. October 31, 2007; McCandlish, Laura. "A Slow Start for Port IDs." The Baltimore Sun. November 28, 2007; Olson, Bradley and Dresser, Michael. "Port Security Battle Rages." The Baltimore Sun. August 2, 2008; Sullivan, Eileen. "More Problems for Major Post-9/11 Security Program." Associated Press. December 4, 2008; Lowy, Joan. "Bid to Better Oversee Aircraft Repair Work Abroad." Associated Press. May 21, 2009; Lowy, Joan. "Promises, Promises: 6 Years and Still No Rules." Associated Press. November 18, 2009.