Transportation in Erie, Pennsylvania

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Transportation in Erie, Pennsylvania includes access to most major forms of transportation, including automobile, bus, train, taxi, airplane, and ship. The city generates income through the transportation industry, including train manufacturing and port operations.

Streets and Highways[edit]

Exit signs for US 20, PA 5, PA 290 and the terminus for I-79.

Erie is well connected to the Interstate Highway System. Six highway exits from Interstate 90 connect travelers to Erie from Boston, Massachusetts and points east, and from Cleveland, Ohio and points west. Those traveling north to Erie on Interstate 79 can either merge with Interstate 90 or continue north for several local Erie exits before the road merges into the Bayfront Parkway in downtown Erie. Southbound travelers of Interstate 79 can connect with Interstate 80 for points east to New Jersey or west to Akron, Ohio or Youngstown, Ohio, or continue south on Interstate 79 to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and Charleston, West Virginia. Interstate 86 (east), also called the "Southern Tier Expressway," splits from Interstate 90 at North East, Pennsylvania and heads southeast through New York State to Binghamton.

The city has a number of important arterial roads. Pennsylvania Route 5 (12th Street), U.S. Route 20 (26th Street and Buffalo Road), and 38th Street are major east-west routes through Erie's municipal roadway grid. The town is divided east from west at State Street, a major thoroughfare in downtown Erie. U.S. Route 19 is a major southwesterly route from downtown to a shopping area north of Interstate 90 known to locals as Upper Peach Street.

Bus[edit]

The Intermodal Transportation Center at the end of Holland Street

The Erie Metropolitan Transit Authority (EMTA) operates local and regional bus service seven days a week. A new city bus terminal opened in 2006. Connections are available to water taxi, rail services, and the airport.

The Intermodal Transportation Center, which opened in 2002 at the Holland Street Pier, includes a commercial bus terminal. Greyhound Lines and Fullington Trailways (owned by Fullington Auto Bus Company) provide daily bus service, including routes with local stops between Erie and DuBois and Pittsburgh, with connections to other destinations.[1] [2]

Rail[edit]

The former "Water Level Route" of the New York Central Railroad (now the CSX mainline) travels directly through Erie. This is a major mainline for the railroad and sees scores of trains a day. The mainline of the Norfolk Southern Railway at one time ran directly down the middle of 19th Street in the city. The 19th Street tracks were recently removed. The 19th Street rail traffic is now routed onto the aforementioned transcontinental mainline.

An Amtrak train calls on the city twice daily (at 1:36 AM for the westbound train and 8:30 AM for the eastbound one) at Union Station in downtown Erie: the Lake Shore Limited, running between New York, Boston, and Chicago. Amtrak recently announced that the 5:39 AM departure would be pushed up to 8:30 AM.[3] Although there has been much discussion in recent years in favor of adding trains along the southern shore of Lake Erie to link Buffalo with Cleveland, and beyond, in light of Amtrak's perpetual budget woes, this will likely not take place in the near future.

Air[edit]

Erie International Airport (IATA: ERI; IACO: KERI), located 5 miles (8 km) southwest of the city, hosts general aviation, charter, and scheduled airline service. Airlines currently serving Erie include United Airlines, US Airways and Northwest Airlines. Tom Ridge Field was recognized by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation as the fastest-growing airport in the state in 2005. It was also listed as the 3rd fastest-growing airport in the United States by the US Department of Transportation in 2004.[4][5]

Taxi[edit]

The Erie Yellow Cab Company operates seven days a week in the city. Erie taxis are permitted to pick up passengers in response to a street hail, only if the cab does not already have a fare or going to a fare. Erie taxis may be reserved ahead of time or they may be hailed by the raise of a hand or standing at a cab stand. There are cab stands at the airport, the bus station and within 4 blocks of the train station. The easiest way to get a cab in the city is by calling a head of time. It is also easy to find a taxi in the downtown area.

Water[edit]

The Port of Erie is located within Presque Isle Bay, a natural harbor off Lake Erie formed by Presque Isle State Park. The Erie–Western Pennsylvania Port Authority is the port authority for the Port of Erie based on the Third Class City Port Authority Act of 1972, P.L. 1392, No. 298. The authority has "the power to plan, acquire, construct, maintain and operate facilities and projects for the improvement, development and operation of the port." It has received millions of dollars in grants for projects related to the port. See list of grants

According to the authority, the port operates "the largest dry-dock and crane (200 ton) on the Great Lakes, a full-service shipyard, 300,000 sq ft (28,000 m2) of warehouse space, a Foreign Trade Zone, an 80-acre (320,000 m2) Keystone Opportunity Zone, 6,000 feet (1,800 m) of deep draft dock face and over 200 private dock face." [6]

The Presque Isle Water Taxi is operated by the Port Authority in the summer months between Dobbins Landing and Liberty Park in downtown Erie, and the Waterworks ferry landing on Presque Isle.

A channel on the east side of Presque Isle allows ships to transit between the bay and Lake Erie. Only one cruise service serves the port and does not dock at the Cruise Terminal at the foot of Holland Street; rather at Dobbin's Landing. A Great American Waterways cruise makes a 15-day run from Chicago to Warren, Rhode Island, with a stop in Erie on the eastern leg of the journey. [7] The Great Lakes Cruise Company and the American Canadian Cruise Line both advertise this cruise. [8]

Regional planning[edit]

Erie's Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) generates an annual Erie Area Transportation Study for the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT). There are fifteen MPO's in the state, each consisting of local elected officials, representatives of major modes of transport, PennDOT officials, and others. Federal and State transportation regulations require urban areas of 50,000 or more in population to have an MPO, which is to do short-term (4 year) and long-term (20+ year) transportation planning.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pennsylvania's 2007 Transportation Program [1]
  2. ^ Intercity Bus Service in Pennsylvania [2]
  3. ^ The Erie Times News, Amtrak Moves up Train Departure[3]
  4. ^ Erie International Airport News[4]
  5. ^ Pennsylvania's 2007 Transportation Program [5]
  6. ^ Port of Erie website
  7. ^ Great Lakes Cruise Company [6]
  8. ^ American Canadian Caribbean Line Itinerary [7]
  9. ^ Pennsylvania's 2007 Transportation Program [8]