Transportation in Hawaii

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Transportation in Hawaii
Overview
Transit type Rapid transit, commuter rail, buses, private automobile, Taxicab, bicycle, pedestrian
Operation
Operator(s) Hawaii Department of Transportation

The transportation system of Hawaii is a cooperation of complex systems of infrastructure.

Background[edit]

Transit systems[edit]

Rail[edit]

At one time, Hawaii had a network of railroads on each of the larger islands that helped move farm commodities as well as passengers. These railroads were all narrow gauge (3 ft (914 mm) gauge for the majority although there were some 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge on some of the smaller islands – standard US gauge is 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)). The largest by far was the Oahu Railway and Land Company (OR&L) which ran multiple lines from Honolulu across the western and northern part of Oahu. The OR&L was an important player moving troops and goods during World War II. Traffic on this line was busy enough that there were signals on the lines facilitating movement of trains and wigwag signals at some railroad crossings for the protection of motorists. The mainline was officially abandoned in 1947, although part of it was bought by the US Navy and operated until 1970. Thirteen miles (21 km) of track remain and preservationists occasionally run trains over a portion of this line.[1]

Bus[edit]

Each major island has a public bus system.

Roads and freeways[edit]

A system of state highways encircles each main island. Only Oʻahu has federal highways, and is the only area outside the contiguous 48 states to have signed Interstate highways. Travel can be slow due to narrow winding roads, and congestion in cities.

Bridges and tunnels[edit]

Also, the Nuuanu Pali Tunnels serve as a major transportation route from Kaneohe & Kailua over to Honolulu.

Private automobiles[edit]

Ferries[edit]

Private steamships and ferries were the sole way of traveling between the islands from the 19th century until the 1950s.[citation needed] Seaflite operated hydrofoils between the major islands in the mid-1970s.[4] The Hawaii Superferry operated between Oʻahu and Maui between December 2007 and March 2009, with additional routes planned for other islands. Legal issues over environmental impact statements and protests ended the service, though the company operating Superferry has expressed a wish to begin ferry service again at a future date.[5] Currently there is passenger ferry service in Maui County between Moloka'i and Maui, and between Lana'i and Maui, though neither of these takes vehicles. Norwegian Cruise Lines also provides passenger cruise ship service between the islands.[citation needed]

Pedestrians, and bicycles[edit]

Port infrastructure[edit]

Airports[edit]

Honolulu International Airport is the major commercial aviation hub of Hawaii, with intercontinental services to North America, Asia, Australia, and Oceania. Within Hawaii, Hawaiian Airlines, Mokulele Airlines and go! use jets between the larger airports in Honolulu, Līhuʻe, Kahului, Kona and Hilo, while Island Air and Pacific Wings serve smaller airports. These airlines also provide air freight service between the islands.

Seaports[edit]

Current, future and proposed projects[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hawaiian Railway Album – WW II Photographs Vol 2; Victor Norton Jr. and Gale E. Treiber; 2005; Railroad Press – Hanover, PA
  2. ^ Kakesako, Gregg K. (April 13, 1998), "Farewell to Ford Isle ferries", Honolulu Star-Bulletin, retrieved 2009-04-19 
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Wilson Tunnel
  4. ^ Cataluna, Lee (December 23, 2005). "Nothing Smooth On Seaflite". The Honolulu Advertiser. 
  5. ^ "Aloha, Superferry Alakai leaves Hawaii to find job". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. March 29, 2009. [dead link]