Transport in Morocco
The Tangier-Casablanca high-speed rail link marks the first stage of the ONCF’s high-speed rail master plan, pursuant to which over 1,500 km (930 mi) of new railway lines will be built by 2035. The high speed train - TGV - will have a capacity of 500 passengers and will carry 8 million passengers per year. The work on the High Speed Rail project was started in September 2011. Construction of infrastructure and delivery of railway equipment will end in 2014 and the HSR will be operational by December 2015.
With billions of dollars committed to improving the country’s infrastructure, Morocco aims to become a world player in terms of marine transport. The 2008-2012 investment plan aims to invest $16.3 billion and will contribute to major projects such as the combined port and industrial complex of the Tanger-Med and the construction of a high-speed train between Tangier and Casablanca. The plan will also improve and expand the existing highway system and expand the Casablanca Mohammed V International Airport. Morocco’s transport sector is one of the kingdom’s most dynamic, and will remain so for years to come. The improvements in infrastructure will boost other sectors and will also help the country in its goal of attracting 10 million tourists by 2010.
High speed lines
There are plans for several high-speed lines. Work by ONCF began in September 2011 on a first section from Tangier to Kenitra. There are plans to construct two core lines, one from Tangier in the north via Marrakesh to Agadir in the south, and a second from Casablanca on the Atlantic to Oujda on the Algerian border. If all of these plans will be approved, the 1,500 kilometres of track may take until 2030 to complete at a cost of around 25 billion dirhams ($3.37 billion).
Other new routes
- A1 Rabat-Tanger (218 km)
- A2 Rabat-Fes (167 km)
- A3 Casablanca-Rabat (95 km)
- A4 Tanger-Port Tanger Med (52 km)
- A5 Casablanca bypass (37 km)
- A7 Casablanca-Marrakesh (197 km)
- A7 extension to Agadir (233 km)
- A9 Fez-Oujda (321 km)
- A11 Berrechid-Benni Mellal (172 km)
- National Route 1 (Morocco)
- National Route 2 (Morocco)
- National Route 3 (Morocco)
- National Route 4 (Morocco)
- National Route 5 (Morocco)
- National Route 6 (Morocco)
- National Route 7 (Morocco)
- National Route 8 (Morocco)
- National Route 9 (Morocco)
- National Route 10 (Morocco)
- National Route 11 (Morocco)
- National Route 12 (Morocco)
- National Route 13 (Morocco)
- National Route 14 (Morocco)
- National Route 15 (Morocco)
- National Route 16 (Morocco)
- Agadir -- Agadir–Al Massira Airport: (AGA) Flights to most major European cities.
- Al Hoceima -- Cherif Al Idrissi Airport: (AHU) Flights to Brussels, Charleroi and Amsterdam
- Casablanca -- Mohammed V International Airport: (CMN) Arrivals and departures to worldwide destinations.
- Fez -- Saïss Airport: (FEZ) Flights to Europe and Casablanca
- Laayoune -- Hassan Airport: (EUN) Flights to Agadir, Casablanca, Dakhla and Las Palmas.
- Marrakech -- Menara International Airport: (RAK) Flights all major international airports in Western Europe
- Nador -- Nador International Airport: (NDR) Flights to Amsterdam, Brussels, Casablanca, Cologne, Düsseldorf and Paris.
- Oujda -- Angads Airport: (OUD) Flights to Amsterdam, Casablanca, Marseille and Paris.
- Ouarzazate -- Ouarzazate Airport: (OZZ) Flights to Casablanca and Paris.
- Rabat -- Sale Airport: (RBA) Flights to Paris and Tripoli.
- Tangier -- Ibn Batouta International Airport: (TNG) Flights all major international airports in Western Europe
total: 35 ships (1,000 GRT or over) by type:
- cargo ship 3,
- chemical tanker 6,
- container ship 8,
- passenger/cargo ship 12,
- petroleum tanker 1,
- refrigerated cargo ship 1,
- roll-on/roll-off 4
Foreign-owned: 14 (France 13, Germany 1) (2007)
- Registered in other countries: 4 (Gibraltar)
- Acciona Trasmediterránea
- FRS Iberia
- Grandi Navi Veloci
- Grimaldi Lines
- International Maritime Transport Corporation
- Naviera Armas
- "Le Secteur Routier" (PDF). mtpnet.gov.ma. Retrieved 2010-06-02.[dead link]
- (French) Les Autoroutes du Maroc[dead link]. Adm.co.ma. Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
- RFI. "Maroc : inauguration des travaux du premier TGV d’Afrique en présence de Nicolas Sarkozy". RFI. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
- "Morocco to Launch High Speed Train". Retrieved 2010-06-02.
- Ceremony launches Tanger–Casablanca high speed project, Railway Gazette, 29 September 2011.
- Khaleej Times Online - Morocco plans Arab world’s first high-speed train, Khaleej Times, 15 September 2006.
- The Times Atlas of the World, 2007, p. 83
- CIA World Factbook