Geneva Public Transport
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Latest model of tramcar used by TPG, featuring old logo.
|Locale||Geneva, Switzerland and surrounding area|
|Transit type||Rail, bus|
Geneva Public Transport (French: ''Transports publics genevois'', TPG) operates most of the public transportation system in Geneva Canton, Switzerland, including the city of Geneva. The agency's head office is in Grand-Lancy, Lancy.
The TPG operates trams, trolleybuses and buses for the Canton of Geneva and also serves some regions in neighbouring France. Local rail services are provided by the Chemins de Fer Fédéraux (Swiss Federal Railways) and passenger ferries across the lake by the Mouettes Genevoises Navigation. The TPG shares a common fare system (Unireso) with these services and some in neighbouring France so that a single ticket can be used for any public transport within its zones and times of validity.
The TPG is the successor organization to the Compagnie Genevoise des Tramways Électriques (Geneva Electric Tramway Company), or CGTE, which operated trams throughout the canton and parts of neighbouring France from 1900 until 1 January 1977.
In December 2003, the TPG began road-testing a 24-metre, double-articulated, mega-trolleybus manufactured by Hess and Vossloh Kiepe. The bus can carry 150 passengers. It entered passenger service in January 2004 on line 10 to the airport. This vehicle was created by adding a middle section to a trolleybus that was originally a single-articulated, 18-metre vehicle. In 2005–06, TPG purchased ten all-new double-articulated trolleybuses from Hess, length 24.7 m (81 ft), and they are numbered 781-790. As of late 2006, TPG's fleet included 92 trolleybuses, all articulated (of which eleven were double-articulated).
In December 2010, Line 18 opened, from Avanchet to Coutance; it was extended as far as CERN in May 2011, closed in December 2011 and replaced by Line 14. In December 2012, the tramway was again split into line 14 (Meyrin-Gravière - P+R Bernex) and line 18 (CERN - Bel-Air).
More tramway routes are planned by 2015, and a 40% increase in mobility is planned by 2020.
Construction started in November 2008 and finished in December 2011. Line 14 originally ran from P+R Bernex to Meyrin-Gravière or CERN, but has since then been split into Line 14 (P+R Bernex - Meyrin-Gravière) and Line 18 (Stand - CERN) in December 2012.
- "FREE TICKET! Public transport to Geneva." Geneva Public Transport. Retrieved on 16 August 2011.
- "Contact." Geneva Public Transport. Retrieved on 16 August 2011. "Adresse postale Transports publics genevois Case postale 950 Route de la Chapelle 1 1212 Grand-Lancy 1"
- (French) TPG. History of TPG
- Box, Roland (March–April 2008). "A Short History of the Genève System". Trolleybus Magazine No. 278, pp. 26-35. National Trolleybus Association (UK). ISSN 0266-7452.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 254 (March–April 2004), p. 48. ISSN 0266-7452.
- Trolleybus Magazine No. 271 (January–February 2007), p. 22.
- (French) TPG. Timetables by route
- (French) SNOTPG. future
- "Railway Gazette: Genève tram extension opens". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 28 December 2011. "Genève inaugurated its latest tram extension on December 10. The 6·5 km double-track Line 14 from Cornavin to Bernex with 13 stops has been under construction since 2008"
- "Site officiel des TPG: les nouveautés du réseau au 9 décembre 2012". Retrieved 8 January 2013.