Transposon tagging

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The term "transposon tagging" refers to a process in genetic engineering where transposons (transposable elements) are amplified inside a biological cell by a tagging technique. Transposon tagging has been used with several species to isolate genes.[1] Even without knowing the nature of the specific genes, the process can still be used.[1]

Transposon tagging in plants[edit]

By molecular separation of transposons, from a cell nucleus, the cloning is enabled for genes which contain the transposons.[2]

By using transposon tagging, researchers have been able to add genetic elements from maize (corn)[3] and Antirrhinum into some other species (such as tobacco,[4] aspen[5] and others).[2] A gene responsible for a particular phenotype can be cloned within a given species, when movement is accompanied by the presence of a mutant phenotype.[2]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Shah, Paaras V. (2007). "Transposable Elements". [self-published source?]
  2. ^ a b c McClean, Phillip (1998). "Transposon Tagging". [self-published source?]
  3. ^ Brutnell, Thomas (2002). "Transposon tagging in maize". Functional & Integrative Genomics 2 (1-2): 4–12. doi:10.1007/s10142-001-0044-0. PMID 12021846. 
  4. ^ Dinesh-Kumar, S. P.; Whitham, S.; Choi, D.; Hehl, R.; Corr, C.; Baker, B. (1995). "Transposon Tagging of Tobacco Mosaic Virus Resistance Gene N: Its Possible Role in the TMV-N-Mediated Signal Transduction Pathway". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 92 (10): 4175–4180. doi:10.1073/pnas.92.10.4175. JSTOR 2367289. PMC 41906. PMID 7753780. 
  5. ^ Fladung, M; Deutsch, F; Hönicka, H; Kumar, S (2004). "T-DNA and Transposon Tagging in Aspen". Plant Biology 6 (1): 5–11. doi:10.1055/s-2003-44745. PMID 15095129.