Transylvania County, North Carolina
|Transylvania County, North Carolina|
Transylvania County Courthouse
Location in the state of North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
|Named for||The Transylvania Company|
|• Total||381 sq mi (987 km2)|
|• Land||379 sq mi (982 km2)|
|• Water||2 sq mi (5 km2), 0.57%|
|• Density||78/sq mi (30/km²)|
The county was formed in 1861 from parts of Henderson County and Jackson County. Its name is derived from the colonial Transylvania Company and has Latin origins: trans ("across") and silva ("woods").
Law and government
Transylvania County is a member of the Land-of-Sky Regional Council of governments.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 381 square miles (990 km2), of which 379 square miles (980 km2) is land and 2 square miles (5.2 km2)(0.57%) is water. There are over 250 waterfalls in the county. Receiving over 90 inches of rain annually, Transylvania County is the wettest county in the state. This is contrasted with Buncombe County, which is thirty miles northeast of Transylvania County receiving the lowest precipitation. The Blue Ridge Parkway traverses through parts of the county, affording spectacular views of the Appalachian Mountains, which reach over 6,000 feet (1,800 m) elevation in the county. The highest point, Chestnut Knob, 6,025 feet (1,836 m), lies northwest of the county seat Brevard.
- Henderson County, North Carolina - east
- Greenville County, South Carolina - southeast
- Pickens County, South Carolina - south
- Oconee County, South Carolina - southwest
- Jackson County, North Carolina - west
- Haywood County, North Carolina - northwest
- Buncombe County, North Carolina - northeast
National protected areas
As of the census of 2000, there were 29,334 people, 12,320 households, and 8,660 families residing in the county. The population density was 78 people per square mile (30/km²). There were 15,553 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.67% White, 4.21% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. 1.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 12,320 households out of which 25.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.74.
In the county the population was spread out with 20.40% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 23.10% from 25 to 44, 26.90% from 45 to 64, and 21.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $38,587, and the median income for a family was $45,579. Males had a median income of $31,743 versus $21,191 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,767. About 6.60% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.80% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
- Balsam Grove
- Cathey's Creek
- Cedar Mountain
- Connestee Falls
- Dunn's Rock
- East Fork
- Lake Toxaway
- Little River
- Pisgah Forest
- Williamson Creek
Points of interest
- Blue Ridge Community College, Transylvania campus
- Brevard Music Center
- Brevard College
- Blue Ridge Parkway
- DuPont State Forest
- Gorges State Park
- Looking Glass Falls
- Pisgah National Forest
- The Wilds Christian Camp
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- HendersonvilleNews.com - The Times-News Online
- Cradle of Forestry In America website
- Transylvania County government website
- Transylvania County Library
- Carolina Mountain Land Conservancy
- Waterfalls in Transylvania County
- NCGenWeb Transylvania County - free genealogy resources for the county
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