A3 motorway (Romania)
|Maintained by Compania Națională de Autostrăzi și Drumuri Naționale din România|
|Length:||107 km (66 mi)
584 km (363 mi) planned
71 km (44 mi) under construction
|To:||Borș (Hungarian border)|
|Counties:||Ilfov, Prahova, Brașov, Sibiu, Mureș, Cluj, Sălaj, Bihor|
|Major cities:||Bucharest, Ploiești, Brașov, Făgăraș, Sighișoara, Târgu Mureș, Cluj-Napoca, Zalău, Oradea|
The A3 motorway (Romanian: Autostrada A3) is a motorway currently being constructed in Romania. It will be a four-lane, 584-kilometer motorway, stretching northwest from Bucharest to Oradea. The motorway will connect the cities of Bucharest, Ploiești, Brașov, Făgăraș, Sighișoara, Târgu Mureș, Cluj-Napoca, Zalău and Oradea. The motorway will be owned by the Government of Romania. It will follow almost the same route as the DN1 road, which became insufficient due to the growing rate of traffic between Bucharest and Transylvania, and will connect with the Hungarian motorway network near Borș. As of July 2012, there are two separate segments in service totalizing 107 km.
Bucharest – Brașov section
The first segment, from Bucharest to Moara Vlăsiei, is built as a six-lane set of carriageways to accommodate commuting and holiday surplus traffic. The motorway will cross the Carpathian Mountains along the Prahova Valley (the Comarnic – Brașov segment is considered the most difficult section to be built). It will also provide access to the future Terminal 2 of the Henri Coandă Airport and to the future Bucharest – Chișinău motorway, via the Ploiești South-East/Dumbrava interchange.
Works on the Bucharest – Ploiești section started on 15 March 2007 and are due to be completed by October 2012. The first segment, from Bucharest to Moara Vlăsiei, is built by the Italian consortium Impressa Pizzarotti–Tirrena Scavi, while the second segment, from Moara Vlăsiei to Ploiești, is built by the Romanian companies Spedition UMB, Pa&Co Internațional and Euroconstruct '98. Total construction cost of this section is estimated at 450 million euro.
The Bucharest – Bucharest Ring Road segment is part of the Bucharest – Moara Vlăsiei section. On the Popasului Street (Voluntari) – Bucharest Ring Road segment (4 km) works have started in April 2012. On the Petricani Street (Bucharest) – Popasului Street (Voluntari) segment (2.5 km) works have not started yet because of remaining unfinished expropriations and should take at least one year and a half to complete.
Works on the Comarnic – Brașov section, the most difficult segment of the motorway, were due to begin in 2010 and take around 4 years to complete, but the French–Greek consortium Vinci–Aktor denounced the contract and construction was canceled. Total construction cost of this section was estimated at 1.2 billion euro.
|1||Bucharest – Ploiești||62 km||opened July 2012|
|2||Ploiești – Comarnic||48 km||planned|
|3||Comarnic – Brașov||58 km||tendered|
- Total length: 173.3 km
- Tunnel length: 2.65 km
- Nodes: 14
- Projected speed limit: 80 – 100 – 130 km/h
- Platform width: 26.0 m
- Road width: 2 x 7.5 m
- Intersections: 12
- Bridges/viaducts: 27.65 km
Brașov – Oradea section
This motorway segment, also known as the Transylvania Motorway (Romanian: Autostrada Transilvania), was originally scheduled to be built by American company Bechtel Corporation together with its regional partner Enka A.Ş. of Turkey. The contract was awarded in 2004 to Bechtel Corporation by the Social Democrat Prime-Minister Adrian Năstase without an open bidding process, invoking "national security" as an excuse. The estimated construction cost was 2.8 billion € in 2003, rose to 4.7 blillion € in a 2007 estimate. Although officially the deadline is set for 2013, the final cost and finalization date are currently unknown. As per Romanian ministry of transportation, Anca Boagiu, the original contract was highly disadvantageous to the Romanian side. Following the contract renegotiation that occurred in June–July 2011, Bechtel agreed to lower the building cost per kilometer by 50% down to 6.9 million euro. Also it was decided that the American company will build only 2 segments of the A3 (Borș – Suplacu de Barcău and Gilău – Câmpia Turzii), leaving all the other segments of the motorway open for tendering.
The official groundbreaking ceremony for the Transylvania Motorway was held near the village of Vălișoara on 16 June 2004. On 1 December 2009, the Turda – Gilău segment (42 km) opened for traffic, followed on 13 November 2010, by the Câmpia Turzii – Turda segment (10 km). As of January 2012, works were being performed only on the Suplacu de Barcău – Oradea West (Borș) segment, with 17 km planned to be opened on 15 November 2012 and other 18 km on 30 August 2013. However, not much progress was visible on this section by August 2012, and the bridge across the Someşul Mic river, part of the Câmpia Turzii – Cluj-Napoca West (Gilău) segment, is also yet to be built. In May 2013, the contract with the Bechtel Corporation was terminated through mutual agreement.
An additional 8.7 km segment, between Gilău and Nădășelu, was tendered in August 2012, and awarded to the Spedition UMB–Tehnostrade joint venture. Works on this segment should begin as late as six months after signing the contract and will take one year and a half to complete. The segment will act as a bypass for Cluj-Napoca, the second most populous city in the country, on the route towards Zalău and Baia Mare. Also, the Târgu Mureș (Ogra) – Câmpia Turzii segment will be reviewed.
- Excavation: 93,000,000 m3
- Fill: 64,000,000 m3
- Ballast and crushed stone base: 12,000,000 m3
- Drainage pipes: 620,000 lm
- Asphalt: 7,000,000 m3
- Structures: 53 km
- Piling: 620,000 lm
- Reinforced and precast concrete: 3,200,000 m3
|1||1A–48.8 km||Brașov (Cristian) – Făgăraș||161 km||planned|
|1B–53.4 km||Făgăraș – Sighișoara||planned|
|1C–58.0 km||Sighișoara – Târgu Mureș (Ogra)||planned|
|2||2A–37.2 km||Târgu Mureș (Ogra) – Câmpia Turzii||90 km||to be reviewed|
|2B–52.5 km||Câmpia Turzii – Cluj-Napoca West (Gilău)||completed November 2010|
|3||3A–25.5 km||Cluj-Napoca West (Gilău) – Mihăiești||164 km||partially re-tendered|
|3B–75.5 km||Mihăiești – Suplacu de Barcău||planned|
|3C–64.5 km||Suplacu de Barcău – Oradea West (Borș)||works canceled|
- Total length: 415 km
- Platform width: 26 m
- Road width: 2 x 7.5 m
- Bridges/viaducts: 267 / over 60 km
- Overpasses: 94
- Underpasses: 58
- Interchanges: 16
- Turda – Gilău segment (42 km) opened for traffic on 1 December 2009 and it currently serves as a motorway bypass for the city of Cluj-Napoca.
- Câmpia Turzii – Turda segment (10 km) opened on 13 November 2010 and it currently serves as a motorway bypass for both these cities.
- Bucharest Ring Road – Ploiești segment (55 km) opened on 19 July 2012.
- Next scheduled opening: Popasului Street (Voluntari) – Bucharest Ring Road segment (4 km) at the end of 2013.
||This section needs additional citations for verification. (August 2012)|
|Exits and buildings (Northbound)|
|Bucharest – Ploiești (62 km)|
|km 6||Gherghiţei Street, Bucharest||under construction|
|km 9||Popasului Street, Voluntari||under construction|
|km 13||Bucharest Ring Road||opened July 2012|
|km 16||Parking||under construction|
|km 23||Parking||under construction|
|km 25||Moara Vlăsiei||under construction|
|km 26||Parking||southbound only|
|km 30||Snagov||opened July 2012|
|km 34||Parking||under construction|
|km 38||Ialomița River||opened July 2012|
|km 41||Parking||under construction|
|km 47||Prahova River||opened July 2012|
|km 49||Parking||under construction|
|km 56||Parking||under construction|
|km 63||Parking||under construction|
|km 68||Ploiești South||opened July 2012|
|Cluj-Napoca bypass (52 km)|
|km 0||Câmpia Turzii||opened 2010|
|km 9||Turda / Aiud||opened 2009|
|km 10||Parking||under construction|
|km 12||Arieș River||opened 2009|
|km 12||U-turn exit||northbound only|
|km 44||U-turn exit||southbound only|
|km 46||Parking||under construction|
|km 51||Cluj-Napoca West / Gilău||opened 2009|
- "Autostrazile din Romania au fost conectate cu cele din Ungaria. Pe hartie". Hotnews.ro. 5 July 2011.
- "De azi, România are 500 de kilometri de autostradă. S-au deschis A2, A3 și A4". Obiectivbr.ro. 20 July 2012.
- "Au inceput lucrarile la tronsonul lipsa din Autostrada Bucuresti - Ploiesti". Finantistii.ro. 17 April 2012.
- "Deschiderea autostrăzii București-Ploiești, amânată din nou". Mediafax.ro. 28 June 2012.
- "Circulatie deschisa pe Autostrada Bucuresti - Ploiesti. Constructia ultimului sector mai dureaza totusi 2 ani". Finantistii.ro. 19 July 2012.
- "Bucharest - Brasov highway works launched". Hotnews.ro. 15 March 2007.
- "Ministerul Transporturilor va "revizui" în martie Autostrada Brașov – Comarnic". Adevarul.ro. 25 February 2012.
- "Autostrada Comarnic-Brasov, scumpa dar spectaculoasa". Stirileprotv.ro. 27 January 2010.
- "Regii români ai asfaltului se bat cu italienii de la Astaldi şi austriecii de la Strabag pentru concesionarea autostrăzii de sud a Capitalei". ZF.ro. 28 February 2013.
- "Construcţia Autostrăzii Braşov-Comarnic va începe în octombrie". Adevarul.ro. 14 March 2013.
- "Autostrada Bors-Brasov, construita de Bechtel". EVZ.ro. 16 December 2003.
- "Autostrada Bechtel, mai scumpa cu 2 miliarde de euro". EVZ.ro. 7 August 2007.
- "Infrastructura: Finalizarea autostrazii Transilvania, o enigma si pentru Bechtel". ZF.ro. 14 December 2009.
- "Bechtel to continue works on two sectors of motorway in Romania". SeeNews.com. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- "Bechtel built 54 km of Transylvania Motorway for EUR 1.25 billion, but agreed to renegotiate contract". Business Review. 5 August 2011.
- "Romania Renegotiates Transylvania Motorway Contract with Bechtel". Roadtraffic-technology.com. 9 August 2011.
- "Romania’s partnership with Bechtel ends". Nine O`Clock. 4 August 2011.
- "Ce aduce 2012 pentru Autostrada Transilvania". Ziua de Cluj. 22 January 2012.
- "Panglicile se îndepărtează de autostrăzile în lucru". Capital.ro. 4 June 2012.
- "Cea mai mare BĂTAIE DE JOC a banului public!". Capital.ro. 13 August 2012.
- "A3, prioritate a guvernului". Transilvania Live. 5 June 2012.
- "Contractul cu Bechtel pentru autostrada Transilvania a fost reziliat". MondoNews.ro. 30 May 2013.
- ""Regii asfaltului" au pus ochii pe Autostrada Transailvania". Ziua de Cluj. 22 August 2012.
- "Comunicat de presă". CNADNR. 25 October 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
- "Primul pret al autostrazii a fost stabilit dupa ureche". EVZ.ro. 26 November 2007.
- "Autostrada Transilvania o ia spre Mureş". Ziua de Cluj. 9 August 2012.
- "Technical Data". Autostrada Transilvania. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
- "Boc a inaugurat Autostrada Transilvania cu un Logan". EVZ.ro. 1 December 2009.
- "Emil Boc și Anca Boagiu au inaugurat 12 km din Autostrada Transilvania". EVZ.ro. 13 November 2010.
- "Autostrada A3 Bucuresti - Ploiesti, deschisa traficului de joi dimineata". Hotnews.ro. 19 July 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: A3 motorway (Romania)|
- Autostrada Transilvania official website
- Autostrada Transilvania non-official website
- București – Ploiești Motorway Project Contract
- Motorways in Romania 2007–2013 (pdf file)
- CNADNR – Autostrada București - Brașov
- CNADNR – Autostrada Brașov - Cluj - Borș