|Population||21,960 (2006 census)|
|Elevation||60 m (197 ft)(45-75m)|
|Location||161 km (100 mi) from Melbourne|
|LGA(s)||City of Latrobe|
It is administered by the City of Latrobe. The greater Latrobe Valley urban area of which Traralgon is part has a population of approximately 125,000.
The origin of the name Traralgon is uncertain. It is popularly believed to be derived from words from the Gunai language: tarra meaning "river" and algon meaning "little fish". However, these words are not reflected in modern linguists' knowledge of the Gunai language, where, for example, the word for river is wun wun or wurn wurn.
The Gippsland region was originally inhabited by the indigenous Gunai people for a period in excess of 2,000 years. The area around Traralgon was first settled by Europeans in the 1840s soon after being explored by Count Paweł Strzelecki on his return from the Snowy Mountains where he named Australia's highest peak, Mount Kosciuszko. Due to the Latrobe Valley having relatively high rainfall, the land is very fertile, and farming was quickly established. As with much of central and western Gippsland, this was mainly dairy farming.
The township was established in the early 1860s, the first Post Office opening on 1 January 1861.
Traralgon was part of the area administered by the Rosedale Roads Board, before the Shire of Traralgon was established in 1879. In the latter part of the 19th century the Shire grew strongly.
It was not until the 1930s however that Traralgon began to move away from a farming based economy. In 1936 Australian Paper Manufacturers established a paper mill at Maryvale, around 8 kilometres (5 mi) from Traralgon.
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visited on 3 March 1954. The president of the Shire of Traralgon, Cr Clem Little met and welcomed the Queen, who was flown by the RAAF from Sale. She returned to Melbourne by train.
In 1961 Traralgon formed its own borough, the Borough of Traralgon following a decade of lobbying to separate the urban areas of Traralgon from the Shire.
Traralgon was proclaimed a city in 1964.
The old town hall and mechanics institute was finally demolished in 1973.
Further development resulted from the expansion of the power generation industry following World War II, particularly through the now defunct SEC. This included large expansions at Yallourn and Hazelwood Power Stations and the construction of the massive Loy Yang Power Station in the 1970s and 1980s.
The first Loy Yang power station was completed in 1985.
An Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) information processing centre was established in the early 1990s, at the time employing around 400 people.
The City of Traralgon and Shire of Traralgon continued a separate existence until they were amalgamated into the Shire of Latrobe in 1994.
Completion of the Loy Yang power stations, extensive voluntary departures[vague] from the electricity industry and privatisation of the Victorian electricity industry in the early 1990s had devastating effects on the economy of the Latrobe Valley. Traralgon, with a more diversified economy, suffered to a lesser extent than the neighbouring towns of Morwell and Moe both of which relied almost exclusively on the power stations for their livelihood.
Traralgon grew strongly in the mid 2000s, with a figure of 2.7% making it the largest and fastest growing city in the Latrobe Valley.
Traralgon is situated on expansive flat land in the Traralgon Creek valley catchment between the Great Dividing Range in the north and the Strzelecki Ranges in the south. The Traralgon Creek runs through the city's centre and its green belt separates its eastern and western suburban areas. The urban area is also hemmed between large open cut mines to the north west and south east.
Urban Structure 
Traralgon is part of the Latrobe Valley tri-city urban area, a small area of industry and agricultural land separates it from neighbouring Morwell. Greater Traralgon includes locaties such as Traralgon, the suburb of Traralgon East and the relatively sparsely populated satellite localities of Hazelwood and Traralgon South to the south, and Tyers and Glengarry to the north.
The Traralgon central business district is centred around Seymour and Franklin Streets and includes an indoor shopping mall - Stockland Traralgon, however commercial and light industry sprawl along most of the eastern stretch of the Princes Highway. Notable heritage buildings include the Post Office and Courthouse erected in 1886 and Ryans Hotel erected in 1914, both in Franklin Street.
The economy is primarily driven by primary industry, natural resources and secondary industry including coal mining, processing and fossil-fuel power generation for the National Electricity Market. Along with electricity production, Traralgon benefits from the mining for oil and natural gas in the nearby Bass Strait fields.
The tertiary sector of the economy is also important for employment with major government administration offices for the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Centrelink and health services.
Traralgon features a number of primary and secondary schools, including state, catholic and independent schools.
The local primary schools include Grey Street Primary School (formerly Traralgon Primary School), Kosciuszko Street Primary School, Liddiard Road Primary School, Stockdale Road Primary School, St Michaels Primary School, St Gabriels Primary School, Flinders Christian Community College (FCCC) and St Pauls Anglican Grammar School. Flinders Christian Community College and St Paul's Anglican Grammar School are also secondary schools. In addition Traralgon has the Latrobe Special Developmental School catering for students from 5 to 18 years of age with an intellectual disability.
The local government secondary school, Traralgon College, has two campuses, the junior campus (years 7–9) located on Liddiard Rd in Traralgon's east, with the senior campus (years 10–12) on Grey St in Traralgon's west. There is also a Catholic secondary school, Lavalla Catholic College. Lavalla has two campuses in Traralgon's West end, and a third campus in Newborough, Moe. The junior campus, St Paul's, neighbours Traralgon College's senior campus on Grey St. The senior campus, Kildare, is located in Kosciuszko St. Flinders Christian Community College (FCCC) on Liddiard Rd is a P–12 school.
A number of Traralgon families also send their children to the three independent Anglican grammar schools in the region, two of which are about 40 minutes drive from Traralgon: St. Paul's Anglican Grammar School, which has a campus in Traralgon as well as Warragul, or Gippsland Grammar School in Sale.
Australian rules football is popular. The are two senior clubs, the Traralgon Maroons (which briefly competed in the Victorian Football League between 1996–1997) currently competing in the Gippsland Football League and Traralgon-Tyers United competing in the North Gippsland Football League. There is also a junior league, Traralgon and District Junior Football League, with most games played from the West End Sporting Complex.
Cricket is also popular, with a local league, the Traralgon and District Cricket Association (TDCA) operating.
There is a local basketball league, the Traralgon Basketball Association with a stadium at the Traralgon Sports Complex.
The local baseball team is the Traralgon Redsox. www.traralgon.baseball.com.au
Golfers play at the course of the Traralgon Golf Club on the Princes Highway.
The Traralgon Harriers are a running club that runs 5 or 6 km races every Thursday night and also organise Victoria's oldest marathon, the Traralgon Marathon, held every June.
The entertainment precinct which spans Kay, Grey and Franklin Streets attracts people from surrounding towns to several nightclubs, bars and restaurants located there.
Local media 
The twice weekly Latrobe Valley Express newspaper is delivered to all homes on Monday and Thursday nights, in Traralgon, Morwell and Moe. The weekly Traralgon Journal is delivered to all homes on Monday nights with The Latrobe Valley Express; this paper is much smaller than the Express and usually has 12 pages of content.
The three main commercial television networks (Seven, Nine and Ten) are all re-broadcast in the Latrobe Valley by their regional affiliates - Prime7 (Seven), WIN Television (Nine) and Southern Cross Ten (Ten). The area was the first in Australia to receive its own regional television station, GLV-10 Gippsland (now Southern Cross Ten), when it launched on 9 December 1961.
WIN Gippsland provides a 30-minute local news bulletin on weeknights and Southern Cross Ten airs short local news updates on weekdays. All three commercial stations also carry local advertising. Most Melbourne channels (Seven, Nine and Ten) can also be received in analogue and more clearly in digital in Traralgon with a suitable roof-top antenna.
New channels broadcast by the commercial networks in addition to the ones listed above are available on the digital service called Freeview (Australia) to viewers in Traralgon and the Gippsland \ Latrobe Valley region. These channels include One HD, Eleven, 7Two, 7mate, GEM and GO!.
Both national public broadcasters, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (including channels ABC1, ABC2, ABC3 & ABC News 24) and Special Broadcasting Service (including SBS One & SBS Two), are also broadcast to the Latrobe Valley.
Subscription television service Austar is available via satellite.
There are two radio stations with studios located in Traralgon — 3TR FM and GOLD 1242, both owned by ACE Radio. The FM station is broadcast along with the television channels from Mt Tassie while GOLD 1242 is broadcast from an AM transmitter near Sale. Warragul radio stations Star FM and 3GG also service this region. Most Australian Broadcasting Corporation stations are rebroadcast locally and available in Traralgon, along with 774 ABC Melbourne which is able to be received directly from Melbourne.
Road transport and the motor vehicle is the main form of transport. The Princes Highway runs through the city and close to the CBD which received heavy regional traffic (although a Traralgon Bypass road is undergoing planning). The Hyland Highway also originates at Traralgon.
Rail transport includes both passenger rail and freight rail. The city's only station is Traralgon railway station which is on the Orbost railway line. Both the Traralgon V/Line rail service and the Bairnsdale V/Line rail service stop there. Traralgon is currently the terminus for VLocity trains with a two way hourly service. Travel time to Flinders Street Station ranges at approximately 109 minutes during peak travel times.
Latrobe Valley Buslines provides local services around Traralgon and other cities in the Latrobe Valley.
- Traralgon Tennis International (January)
- Australia Day Breakfast (January)
- Traralgon Marathon (June)
- Traralgon Show (November)
- Traralgon Cup (December) (horse-racing)
- Carols By Candlelight (December)
Notable people 
- Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet (scientist)
- Irwin Thomas (Musician, formerly known as Jack Jones, of "Southern Sons")
- Michael Voss (AFL player)
- Troy Luff (AFL player)
- Brendon Goddard (AFL player)
- Andrew McQualter (AFL player)
- Kelvin Templeton (AFL player)
- Gord Bamford (Canadian country music singer)
- Bernie Quinlan (Australian rules footballer and coach)
- Bill Waters (Headquarters Commissioner for Rovers for 35 years, namesake of W.F Waters Award)
- Jenna O'Hea (WNBA player)
- Damen Francis Sports journalist, interpretive dance enthusiast
- Gardner, PD. 1992, Names of East Gippsland; their origins, meanings and history, Ngaruk Press, Ensay
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11
- Chapter 7 The River of Little Fish by WJ Cuthill
- "Economic profile for Latrobe City".
- Country Racing Victoria, Latrobe Valley Racing Club, retrieved 2009-05-07
- Greyhound Racing Victoria, Traralgon, retrieved 2009-04-15
- Golf Select, Traralgon, retrieved 2009-05-11