Trashigang District

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Coordinates: 27°15′N 91°40′E / 27.250°N 91.667°E / 27.250; 91.667

Location of Trashigang dzongkhag within Bhutan

Trashigang District (Dzongkha: བཀྲ་ཤིས་སྒང་རྫོང་ཁག་; Wylie: Bkra-shis-sgang rdzong-khag; also spelled "Tashigang") is Bhutan's easternmost dzongkhag (district).

Culture[edit]

The inhabitants of Trashigang district are mainly Sharchops, which means "easterner" in Dzongkha, the national language. The Sharchops appear to mix Proto Tibeto Burman and Tibetan blood whereas the Ngalops of central and western Bhutan appear to be mainly Tibetan.

Languages[edit]

The dominant language of Trashigang is Tshangla (Sharchopkha), the lingua franca of eastern Bhutan. Two significant minority languages are spoken in the far eastern region of the district: the East Bodish Dakpa language and the Southern Bodish Brokpa language. Dakpa is spoken by descendants of yakherding communities, and may in fact be a divergent dialect of Brokpake, heavily influenced by Dzalakha.[1][2]

Economy and education[edit]

While it has no major urban area, Trashigang dzongkhag has the densest population in Bhutan. It used to be part of an important trade route connecting Assam to Tibet, and still is a primary route for Bhutanese trade with India. Towns include Trashigang (the district capital), Radi, Rangjung, and Phongmey. The district produces a lot of rice and lavender.

There are several tourist packages to Bhutan that include trips from Thimphu to Trashigang, despite the 17-hour journey from the capital over the rough and dangerous Lateral Road.

Trashigang dzongkhag is also the site of Sherubtse College, the original college within the Royal University of Bhutan system.

Landmarks[edit]

Trashigang Dzong

Trashigang Dzong, or fortress, was built in 1659 by the third Druk Desi Chögyal Mingyur Tenpa to defend against Tibetan invaders. Because of its altitude invading armies remarked that "it is not a dzong on the ground, it is in the sky".

An ancient lhakhang or temple in the district, known for its rock garden, contains a sacred footprint said to be either that of Guru Rimpoche or that of a khandroma (angel).

Rangjung, 16 km east of the district capital, is the site of Rangjung Ösel Chöling Monastery, established by Dungse Garab Dorje Rinpoche in 1989. The temple contains particularly fine images of Padmasambhava, Shantarakshita and Chögyal Trisong Detsen (Khen-Lop-Chö sum).

Protected area[edit]

The Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary, one of ten protected areas of Bhutan, was created in part to protect the migoi, a type of yeti, in whose existence most Bhutanese believe.[3] The sanctuary covers the eastern third of the district (Merag, Sakteng Gewogs), and is connected via biological corridor to Khaling Wildlife Sanctuary in Samdrup Jongkhar District to the south.[4]

Geography[edit]

Trashigang is divided into fifteen gewogs:[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dakpakha". Ethnologue Online. Dallas: SIL International. 2006. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  2. ^ van Driem, George L. (1993). "Language Policy in Bhutan" (PDF). London: SOAS. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  3. ^ "Older Bhutanese Remember Abominable Snowman". Associated Press. August 12, 2008. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  4. ^ "Parks of Bhutan". Bhutan Trust Fund for Environmental Conservation online. Bhutan Trust Fund. Retrieved 2011-03-26. 
  5. ^ "Chiwogs in Trashigang" (PDF). Election Commission, Government of Bhutan. 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-28. 

External links[edit]