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Traumatology (from Greek trauma, meaning injury or wound) is the study of wounds and injuries caused by accidents or violence to a person, and the surgical therapy and repair of the damage. Traumatology is a branch of medicine. It is often considered a subset of surgery and in countries without the specialty of trauma surgery it is most often a sub-specialty to orthopedic surgery. Traumatology may also be known as accident surgery.
Traumatology can also refer to the study, development and application of psychological and counseling services for people who have experienced extreme events.
Factors in the assessment of wounds are:
- the nature of the wound, whether it is a laceration, abrasion, bruise or burn
- the size of the wound in length, width and depth
- the extent of the overall area of tissue damage caused by the impact of a mechanical force, or the reaction to chemical agents in, for example, fires or exposure to caustic substances.
Forensic physicians, as well as pathologists may also be required to examine (traumatic) wounds on people.
In mental health
In mental health, or what is also referred to as behavioral health, traumatology refers to a developing field of study that is based on the observations of mental health professionals that all dysfunction or illness is the result of trauma. While there are many different theories of psychosocial functioning, and many different psychotherapy treatments, the supporters of the burgeoning field of traumatology posit that if one can study the developmental history of a person by learning about major traumatic events in that individual's life, and address and treat a person based on the traumas that one has been exposed to, it is the key that unlocks the source and cause of a current dysfunction or condition. The effects of trauma have been overlooked. Certain kinds of trauma that have powerful emotional effects are not given much notice yet can have devastating effects on psychosocial functioning. Traumatology can bridge Behavioral Science and Medicine, in that the study of trauma, whether it be emotional or physical, can provide valuable assessment information about individual client functioning and disorder in terms of etiology of illness, and this information may be helpful in treatment planning.
Traumatology is an on-line, peer reviewed, research and practice journal was established in 1995. Traumatology is an area of specialization focusing on trauma research and practice and has also been called Traumatic Stress Studies and Psychotraumatology. The first use of traumatology as a field representing this broader psychosocial meaning was published in Helping the Hurt Child.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Traumatology.|
- Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma
- European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
- Journal of Injury and Violence Research
- Trauma.org (trauma resources for medical professionals)