Travancore-Cochin

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United State of Travancore and Cochin (1949–1950)
State of Travancore-Cochin (1950–1956)
Thiru-Kochi
തിരു-കൊച്ചി

 

1949–1956


Flag

Map of Southern India before 1956 with Travancore-Cochin in brown
Capital Trivandrum
Languages Malayalam, Tamil, English
Religion Hindu, Syrian Christianity, Islam
Government State
Rajpramukh
 -  1949–1956 Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma
Chief Minister
 -  1949–1951 Parur T. K. Narayana Pillai
 -  1951–1952 C. Kesavan
 -  1952–1954 A. J. John, Anaparambil
 -  1954–1955 Pattom A. Thanu Pillai
 -  1955–1956 Panampilly Govinda Menon
History
 -  Established 1949
 -  Disestablished 1956
Currency Indian rupee

Travancore-Cochin or Thiru-Kochi (Malayalamതിരു-കൊച്ചി, tiru-kocci ?) was a short-lived state of India (1949–1956). It was originally called United State of Travancore and Cochin and was created on 1 July 1949 by the merger of two former Princely States, the kingdoms of Travancore and Cochin with Trivandrum as the capital. It was renamed State of Travancore-Cochin in January 1950. Parur T. K. Narayana Pillai, the Congress Prime Minister of Travancore, became the Chief Minister of Travancore-Cochin. First elections were held in 1951 and A. J. John, Anaparambil from Congress party was elected as the Chief Minister, ruling until 1954.[1]

The ruler of Travancore was appointed as the governor (known as "Rajpramukh") of Travancore-Cochin. The Maharajah of Cochin was offered to be addressed as Uparaja Pramukh, but he did not want any title after handing over the power. The Maharaja politely said that the eldest member of Cochin Royal Family should be called Valiya Thampuran and gave up royal powers unconditionally for the good of the people.[2] While Pattom A. Thanu Pillai was the Praja Socialist Party Chief minister in 1954, Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress launched a campaign for the merger of the Tamil-speaking regions of Southern Travancore with the neighbouring area of Madras state. The agitation took a violent turn and civilians and local police were killed at Marthandam and Puthukkada, irreparably alienating the entire Tamil-speaking population from merger into Travancore-Cochin.

Under State Reorganisation Act of 1956, the four southern taluks of Travancore, namely Thovalai, Agasteeswaram, Kalkulam and Vilavancode and a part of the Chencotta Taluk was merged with Madras state. On 1 November 1956 Travancore-Cochin was joined with Malabar District of Madras state to form the new state of Kerala, with a governor, appointed by the President of India, as the head of the state instead of "Rajpramukh".

Chief Ministers[edit]

Chief Minister Took office Left office Term Party Region came from
1 Parur T. K. Narayana Pillai 1 July 1949 January 1951 1 Indian National Congress Travancore
2 C. Kesavan January 1951 12 March 1952 1 Indian National Congress Travancore
3 A. J. John, Anaparambil 12 March 1952 16 March 1954 1 Indian National Congress Travancore
4 Pattom A. Thanu Pillai 16 March 1954 10 February 1955 1 Praja Socialist Party Travancore
5 Panampilly Govinda Menon 10 February 1955 23 March 1956 1 Indian National Congress Cochin
President's rule 23 March 1956 5 April 1957

Subdivisions[edit]

The state had 4 districts which were subdivided into 36 taluks.[3]

District Taluks
Thiruvananthapuram Thovala, Agastheeswaram, Kallkkulam, Vilavancode, Neyyattinkara, Thiruvananthapuram, Nedumangad, Chirayinkeezhu
Kollam Kollam, Kottarakkara, Pathanapuram, Chenkotta, Kunnathoor, Karunagappally, Karthikappally, Mavelikkara, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvalla, Ambalappuzha, Cherthala
Kottayam Kottayam, Changanasserry, Vaikkom, Muvattupuzha, Thodupuzha, Meenachil, Devikulam, Peermade
Thrisur Paravur, Kunnathunad, Kochi-Kanayannur, Kodungallur, Mukundapuram, Thrissur, Thalapilly, Chittur

References[edit]

  1. ^ A. J. John, Anaparambil
  2. ^ "Glimpses of a historic moment". New Indian Express. New Indian Express. 
  3. ^ K. M. Mathew, ed. (2006). Manorama Year Book. Malayala Manorama. p. 116.