Travis County, Texas

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Travis County, Texas
Travis courthouse 2011.jpg
Heman Marion Sweatt Travis County Courthouse in Austin
Seal of Travis County, Texas
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Travis County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1840
Named for William B. Travis
Seat Austin
Largest city Austin
Area
 • Total 1,023 sq mi (2,650 km2)
 • Land 990 sq mi (2,564 km2)
 • Water 33 sq mi (85 km2), 3.2%
Population
 • (2010) 1,024,266
 • Density 1,108/sq mi (427.7/km²)
Congressional districts 10th, 17th, 21st, 25th, 35th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.traviscountytx.gov

Travis County is a county located in south central Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,024,266,[1] making it the fifth-most populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Austin,[2] the capital of Texas. The county is named in honor of William Barret Travis, the commander of the Republic of Texas forces at the Battle of the Alamo.

Travis County is part of the Austin-Round Rock, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located along the Balcones Fault, the boundary between the Edwards Plateau to the west and the Blackland Prairie to the east.

History[edit]

Travis County Justice Complex
Ned Granger Administration Building in Austin
  • 1685-1690 France plants its flag on Texas soil, but departs after only five years.[4]
  • 1730 The Spanish relocate missions of San Francisco de los Neches, Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de los Hasinai, and San José de los Nazonis near Barton Springs.[5]
  • 1821 Mexico claims its independence from Spain. Anglos from the north settle in Texas and claim Mexican citizenship.
  • 1827 Mexican government grants Stephen F. Austin his third "Little Colony," headquartered at Mina (Bastrop) which gave offshoot to Travis County.

1st - Slavery is abolished in the republic.

2nd - Consequently, those who have been until now considered slaves are free.
3rd - When the circumstances of the treasury may permit, the owners of the slaves will be indemnified in the mode that the laws may provide. And in order that every part of this decree may be fully complied with, let it be printed, published, and circulated.
Given at the Federal Palace of Mexico, the 15th of September, 1829.
Vicente Guerrero To José María Bocanegra
  • 1830s Josiah and Mathias Wilbarger, Reuben Hornsby, Jacob M. Harrell, and John F. Webber become early settlers.
  • 1836
March 2 - Texas Declaration of Independence from Mexico establishes the Republic of Texas.
March 6 - The Alamo falls.
April 21–22 - Battle of San Jacinto, Antonio López de Santa Anna captured.
May 14 - Santa Anna signs the Treaties of Velasco.
December 27 - Stephen F. Austin dies at the age of 43.[8]
  • 1840
Congress of the Republic of Texas chooses Waterloo as the site of the new capital, renames it Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austin.
Congress establishes Travis County, naming it in honor of William B. Travis. Austin is the county seat.
  • 1842
Sam Houston moves the government of the Republic of Texas from Austin to Houston when Mexican troops invaded San Antonio.
The Texas Archives War erupts when Houston tries to also move the archives.
  • 1845
October, Texas government returns to Austin.
December 29 - Texas Annexation by the United States
  • 1846, May 13 - The United States Congress officially declares war on Mexico.
  • 1852 The Austin Railroad Association established to encourage railroad construction to the area.
  • 1860 Population 4,931 whites, 3,136 slaves, 13 free blacks.
  • 1861
Travis County votes against secession from the Union.
February 1 - Texas secedes from the Union.
March 2 - Texas joins the Confederate States of America.
  • 1865
April 9 – Robert E. Lee formally surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Court House.
April 15 – President Abraham Lincoln dies of a head wound inflicted by assassin John Wilkes Booth.
June 19 – Major General Gordon Granger arrives in Galveston to enforce the emancipation of all slaves. It is the first time African Americans in Texas know of the Emancipation. The date becomes celebrated annually in Texas as Juneteenth, and later as an official state holiday known as Emancipation Day.[10]
December 6 – The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits slavery.
  • 1871 Houston and Texas Central Railway completes track to Austin.
  • 1881 International and Great Northern Railroad completes track from Austin to Laredo.
  • 1882 The Austin and Northwestern Railroad lay track between Austin and Burnet.
  • 1902 Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad line arrives in Travis County.
  • 1950’s-1960’s Desegregation opens doors to minorities achievement and integration into the mainstream establishment in the county.
  • 1957 IBM opens its Austin branch.
  • 1966 Charles Whitman murders his wife and mother in Austin. He then climbs to the University of Texas tower and begins a sniper attack, killing 14 people and injuring 32 others before being shot and killed by Austin Police and Texas Rangers.
  • 1988 3M opens Research and Development Center in Austin
  • 2003
February 1 - Space Shuttle Columbia breaks apart over Texas during re-entry.
September 11, Memorial to 9-11 World Trade Center victims is dedicated at the Texas State Cemetery.[11]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,023 square miles (2,650 km2), of which 990 square miles (2,600 km2) is land and 31 square miles (80 km2) (3.2%) is water.[12]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Indian Springs of Travis County[edit]

This is a compendium of information on springs in Travis County, Texas with prehistoric or historic links to Texas Indians. Information is based primarily on Gunnar Brune’s report to the Texas Water Development Board, “Major and Historical Springs of Texas”,[13] and his book, Springs of Texas.[14] Additional sources are cited with associated springs.

As Brune noted in his report to the Texas Water Development Board, “Springs have been very important to Texas from the time of its first inhabitants. Many battles were fought between the pioneers and Indians for possession of springs”. Understanding these springs is important to understanding Travis County from the perspective of those first inhabitants, the Texas Indians: where they camped, the trails they used.

Springs are listed alphabetically.

'Barton Springs'. At least five groups of springs, including Upper, Main, Upper Left Bank, Lower Left Bank, and Old Mill or Walsh Spring; the farthest downstream. This was a gathering place for the Caddo, Tonkawa, Apache, and Comanche Indians. An old Comanche Indian trail from Bandera County to Nacogdoches, Texas passed here. The early settlers had a trading post at the springs. Early Spanish explorers wrote that in 1714 wild horses were numerous. Three Spanish missions were located here from 1730 to 1731. Early in the 1880's a fort was located at the springs. This was also a stop on the Chisholm Trail from 1867 to 1895. Located at 2201 Barton Springs Rd. Austin, TX. (30.2638194, -97.7713947)

Cold and Deep Eddy Springs. Brune’s report says at least seven springs. Many Indian projectile points and tools have been found at the springs and in Bat Cave downstream and Bee Cave just upstream. An old Comanche Indian trail from Bandera County to Nacogdoches, Texas passed the springs. Only two springs are now above the level of Town Lake. Brune says the springs are near Valley Springs Road (a bit upstream from Deep Eddy Pool) in Austin (30.2799298,- 97.7800062).

Coleman Springs. These were the springs located at Fort Colorado, also known as Coleman’s Fort. Brune’s book states soldiers from the fort used the water from the spring between 1836 and 1838, and was also a favorite Indian campground in earlier days. A historical marker located near the springs was erected by the State of Texas in 1936 and reads: “Site of Fort Colorado (Also called Coleman’s Fort) June, 1836 - November, 1838. Established and first commanded by Colonel Robert M. Coleman. Succeeded by Capt. Michael Andrews And Capt. William M. Eastland. An extreme frontier outpost occupied by Texas Rangers to protect Anglo-American civilization from savage Indians in this vicinity”. The springs are now located on land associated with the Austin Wildlife Rescue, at 5401 E Martin Luther King Jr Blvd, Austin, TX. (30.285276,-97.674621).

Levi Spring. Rock shelter with associated springs along Lick Creek, a tributary of the Pedernales River, near Hamilton Pool and Westcave Springs. Artifacts at this site date to Clovis and Plainview, possibly older, i.e. 10,000+ years old.[15] Located about 1.2 kilometers south of the intersection of Highway 71 and 2322 (30.375187,-98.087891)

Manchaca Springs. Several springs on a small tributary of Onion Creek. The springs were named for Colonel Jose Menchaca of the Army of the Texas Republic. In 1709 the Spanish expedition under Espinosa, Olivares, and Aguirre is believed to have stopped here. That the Spanish were camping at Manchaca Springs is because it was on a branch of the Camino Real leading into Austin before turning east to Nacogdoches, Texas.[16] And of course, the Spanish were usually following pre-established Indian trails, and Brune’s book states “Many projectile points have been found here.” Later the springs would be utilized again, this time by the Chisholm Trail from 1867 to 1895. In 1840, seeking retribution for the Council House Fight of 1840 in San Antonio, a large group of Penateka Comanche mounted the "Great Raid of 1840", said to be the largest raid ever mounted by Indians against cities in the United States, namely Victoria and Linnville, Texas (at the time of course, Texas was still a Republic). James Wilson Nichols account of the raid states that Comanches, enroute to Victoria and Linnville "emerged from the mountains into the prairie near the Manchac (sic) Springs in Hays County"[17] Indians – presumably Comanche – passing the springs en-route to and from the "mountains" of the Colorado River is a theme in other tales about Manchaca Springs. Wilbarger tells of an encounter at the springs between Texans and Indians in 1844 when a “party of Indians .. came down from the Colorado mountains .. where they succeeded in stealing a large number of valuable horses.” On their return to the mountains the Indians “camped for the night at or near a noted watering place known as the Manchaca Springs”. Texans under the command of Captain Wiley Hill attacked their camp the next morning. The Indians were eventually able to make good an escape back to the mountains and the Texans returned to Manchaca Springs where they retrieved their horses, plus the Indian “camp equipage”.[18] John Holland Jenkins recounts another encounter between Texans trying to retrieve stolen horses, led by Captain Gillespie, attacking Indians camped at “Manshak Springs”, “Manshak” being the common pronunciation of Manchaca.[19] Texans didn’t always fare well when encountering Indians at the springs. In 1845 two pioneer German-Texan authors, Friedrich Wilhelm von Wrede Sr. and Oscar von Claren, were killed and scalped by Indians at Manchaca Springs. Both were buried there by United States soldiers, who gave them military honors[20] Brune’s book locates the springs on private property, near Buda, Texas (as opposed to Manchaca, Texas), half a kilometer west of I-35, just north of the Hays County Line. Today County Road 117, Old San Antonio Road, passes near and over part of the spring’s drainage near the Hays and Travis County line (30.101939,-97.814569)

Hamilton Pool. At the writing of Brune’s Springs of Texas, the springs were owned by Eugene Reimer, but are now part of Hamilton Pool Preserve, part of the larger Balcones Canyonlands Preserve, owned and managed by Travis County, Texas. Following archeological studies done in the late 80s, the Hamilton Pool Preserve was designated as a state archeology landmark.[21] The Travis County Parks webpage says cultural remains date back over 8,000 years.[22] Elaine Perkins says that the pool had long been a camping place for Indians and in the early days an old Indian trail led down to the pool. Bernhard “B.J.” Reimer, who “discovered” the Hamilton Pool in 1898, remembered when “Old-timers” said “300 Indians lived here and used this place for a trail post. It was also a fortress against intruders.”[23] Perkins also states that “At the time of the Civil War .. it was still a spiritual meeting place for Indians, as well as a hiding place for Unionists”, i.e. those Texans opposing secession from the Union needing to take refuge from pro-secessionists.[24] Located at Hamilton Pool Nature Preserve, 24300 Hamilton Pool Rd, Dripping Springs, TX (30.342348,-98.126879).

Hornsby Springs. Brune’s book says “They were the scene of an Indian campsite in prehistoric times. In 1830 Reuben Hornsby built a cabin here, beginning what was later called the Hornsby’s Bend settlement”. Brune locates the springs three kilometers south of Long Lake, on private property, which is the general vicinity of the Reuben Hornsby historical marker, on Webberville Road, 0.2 miles east of N Farm to Market Rd, 9737 (30.255071,-97.608478). That marker reads “Reuben Hornsby, 1793-1879, First Settler in Travis County. Surveyor with Stephen F. Austin's Little Colony. He surveyed the site of this settlement in 1830. In July 1832 with his family he established his home at this place, since called Hornsby's Bend”.

Pecan Springs. The springs where Josiah P. Wilbarger[25] and his surveying party were attacked by Indians in 1833.[26] Location is near 5020 Manor Road, Austin, TX (30.298074,-97.688586).

Santa Monica or Sulphur Springs. Brune says these springs were once the basis for Comanche and Tonkawa Indian campgrounds. Gelo called them “a watering place” for the Comanche,[27] and are about 6.6 kilometers south of Comanche Peak and Defeat Hollow, the location of an encounter between Joel Harris, an early settler to Hudson Bend, and Indians, probably Comanche.[28] The springs were also a favorite resort for early Austinites, and the waters were bottled and highly valued for medicinal purposes. It’s worth noting that the USGS Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) has an incorrect location for the springs, showing them in the Steiner Ranch neighborhood by the lake. The springs were in fact on the edge of the Colorado River, and now beneath Lake Austin, located across from what is now Commons Ford Ranch Metropolitan Park, Austin, TX.[29] (30.343658,-97.88892)

Seiders Springs. At least two springs. Between 1846 and 1865 many Army troops, including those under the command of General Custer and General Lee, camped at the springs. J.W. Wilbarger in his book notes “There were quite a number of murders committed in Travis county during the year 1842. Gideon White was another who fell a victim to the preying bands of Indians who were continuously scouring the country around Austin.”[30] Gideon White settled on Seider Springs about 1840, and was killed near the springs in 1842. Wilbarger states “When the Indians made the attack they were on horseback .. [Gideon White on foot] ran for some distance, but finding the Indians were gaining on him rapidly, he sprang behind a tree, in a thicket, and defended himself as best he could. The Indians, however, finally killed him, in sight of and within a quarter of a mile of his house.” Wilbarger noted that marks of a number of arrows and bullets which hit the tree were visible for many years. Seiders Springs are now in Seider Springs Park, managed by the City of Austin, and located on Shoal Creek Trail, between 34th and 38th , Austin, TX (30.305826,-97.747294).

Spicewood Springs. Brune’s book says these springs are said to have been a stop on an old Indian Trail. J.W. Wilbarger tells the story of Indians stopping at the springs in his book Indian Depredations in Texas.[31] In 1842, a Mrs. Simpson living on West Pecan Street, about three blocks west of Congress, in Austin had two children – a daughter 14, a son 12—abducted by Indians while the children were in the adjacent Shoal Creek valley. The Indians “seized the children, mounted their horses and made off for the mountains .. going in the direction of Mount Bonnell.” A posse was raised and gave pursuit. “At one time the citizens came within sight of the redskins just before reaching Mount Bonnell, but the Indians, after arriving at the place, passed on just beyond to the top of the mountain, which being rocky, the citizens lost the trail and were never able to find where the savages went down the mountain”. The Simpson girl was killed, but the boy survived and was later “traded off to some Indian traders, who returned him to his mother”. It is because the boy survived and was returned home that we know what happened after the posse lost the trail of the Indians. From Mount Bonnell they stopped to rest at Spicewood Springs where the Simpson girl was killed. Located near the intersection of Spicewood Springs Road and Ceberry Street in northwest Austin, Texas. (30.362901,-97.747889)

Westcave Springs. At the writing of Brune’s book, Westcave Springs was privately own. The Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) acquired the property in 1983 and operates it in partnership with Westcave Preserve Corporation.[32] The springs and setting are similar to Hamilton Pool, and indeed are only 1.6 kilometers south-west of Hamilton Pool, across the Pedernales. Four archeological sites have been recorded in Westcave Preserve, all with prehistoric components.[33] Located at Westcave Preserve, 24814 Hamilton Pool Rd, Round Mountain, TX (30.33626,-98.140882)

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,138
1860 8,080 157.5%
1870 13,153 62.8%
1880 27,028 105.5%
1890 36,322 34.4%
1900 47,386 30.5%
1910 55,620 17.4%
1920 57,616 3.6%
1930 77,777 35.0%
1940 111,053 42.8%
1950 160,980 45.0%
1960 212,136 31.8%
1970 295,516 39.3%
1980 419,573 42.0%
1990 576,407 37.4%
2000 812,280 40.9%
2010 1,024,266 26.1%
Est. 2013 1,120,954 9.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[34]
1850-2010[35]
2012 Estimate[1]

According to the census[36] of 2010, there were 1,024,266 people, 320,766 households, and 183,798 families residing in the county. The population density was 821 people per square mile (317/km²). There were 335,881 housing units at an average density of 340 per square mile (131/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.21% White, 9.26% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 4.47% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 14.56% other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 28.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 12.0% were of German, 7.7% English, 6.6% Irish and 5.5% American ancestry according to Census 2000. English is the sole language spoken at home by 71.42% of the population age 5 or over, while 22.35% speak Spanish, and a Chinese language (including Mandarin, Taiwanese, and Cantonese) is spoken by 1.05%.[37]

In 2000 there were 320,766 households, of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.60% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.70% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were composed of individuals and 4.40% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.15.

The population's age distribution was 23.80% under the age of 18, 14.70% from 18 to 24, 36.50% from 25 to 44, 18.20% from 45 to 64, and 6.70% age 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 104.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.50 males.

The median income per household in the county was $46,761, and the median income per family was $58,555. Males had a median income of $37,298 versus $30,452 for females. The per capita income in the county was $25,883. About 7.70% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

Travis County, along with other Texas counties, has one of the nation's highest property tax rates. In 2009, the county was ranked 88th in the nation for property taxes as percentage of the homes value on owner occupied housing.[38] Travis County also ranked in the top 100 for amount of property taxes paid and for percentage of taxes of income. The high property tax rate is mostly due to Texas having no income tax.

Economy[edit]

When Bookstop existed, its headquarters were in an unincorporated area in the county.[39][40]

In 2000, Dell announced that it would lease 80,000 square feet (7,400 m2) of space in the Las Cimas office complex in unincorporated Travis County, Texas, between Austin and West Lake Hills, to house the company's executive offices and corporate headquarters. 100 senior executives were scheduled to work in the building by the end of 2000.[41] In 2002 Dell announced that it planned to sublease its space to another tenant; the company planned to move its headquarters back to Round Rock once a tenant was secured.[42] By 2003, Dell moved its headquarters back to Round Rock.[43]

Culture[edit]

The county is politically liberal. It was the only county in Texas that voted against the Proposition 2 constitutional amendment banning gay marriages in 2005.

Corrections[edit]

The Travis County Jail and the Travis County Criminal Justice Center are located in Downtown Austin.[44][45] The Travis County Correctional Complex is located in an unincorporated area in Travis County, next to Austin-Bergstrom International Airport.[46]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Travis County Unit, a state jail for men, in eastern Austin.[47]

Communities[edit]

A county complex at 1010 Lavaca Street
Health and Human Services and Veterans Services

Cities, towns, and villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated areas[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Handbook of Texas, Travis County
  4. ^ The Six National Flags of Texas
  5. ^ Texas Historical Markers, Barton Springs
  6. ^ The Magnificent Life of Vicente Ramon Guerrero
  7. ^ TAMU Chieftains of Mexican Independence
  8. ^ Texas State Cemetery, Stephen Fuller Austin
  9. ^ Government documents, Emancipation Proclamation
  10. ^ Cinnamon Hearts Juneteenth
  11. ^ Texas Escapes, 9-11 Memorial
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ Brune, Gunnar, (1975) “Major and Historical Springs of Texas”, Report 189, Texas Water Development Board. The report is available on the Texas Water Development Board website at www.twdb.texas.gov. The report states “Authorization for use or reproduction of any original material contained in this publication … is freely granted.”
  14. ^ Brune, Gunnar, (2002) Springs of Texas, Volume 1, Texas A&M University Press, 2002. Travis County is covered on pages 430-436
  15. ^ Herbert L. Alexander, Jr., "The Levi Site: A Paleo-Indian Campsite in Central Texas," American Antiquity 28, 1963
  16. ^ McGraw, A. Joaquin, John W. Clark, J.R.; and Elizabeth A. Robbins, Editors. A Texas Legacy, the Old San Antonio Road and El Caminos Reales: A Tricentennial History, 1691-1991. Texas State Department of Highways and Public Transportation. Austin, 1991. This branch is called Camino Real de los Tejas. See page 187
  17. ^ Nichols, James Wilson. Now You Hear My Horn; the Journal of James Wilson Nichols, 1820-1887. Austin: University of Texas, 1968.
  18. ^ Wilbarger, J. W. Indian Depredations in Texas. Austin, TX: Hutchings Printing House, 1889. Print. P 284
  19. ^ John Holland Jenkins, Recollections of Early Texas, ed. John H. Jenkins III (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1958; rpt. 1973)
  20. ^ “Pioneer German authors killed by Indians”, Handbook of Texas Online, http://www.tshaonline.org/day-by-day/31077
  21. ^ Robinson, David G., and Solveig A. Turpin. Cultural Resource Investigations at Hamilton Pool County Park, Travis County, Texas. Austin, TX: Texas Archeological Survey, University of Texas at Austin, 1986
  22. ^ https://parks.traviscountytx.gov/find-a-park/hamilton-pool
  23. ^ Perkins, Elaine. A Hill Country Paradise? Travis County and Its Early Settlers, iUniverse publishing, 2012, p 59
  24. ^ Perkins, Elaine. A Hill Country Paradise? Travis County and Its Early Settlers, iUniverse publishing, 2012 p 106
  25. ^ Josiah Wilbarger was the brother of author J.W. Wilbarger
  26. ^ Wilbarger, J. W. Indian Depredations in Texas. Austin, TX: Hutchings Printing House, 1889, p 7.
  27. ^ Gelo, Daniel J. ""Comanche Land and Ever Has Been": A Native Geography of the Nineteenth-Century Comanchería." The Southwestern Historical Quarterly 103.3 (2000)
  28. ^ Perkins, Elaine. A Hill Country Paradise? Travis County and Its Early Settlers, iUniverse publishing, 2012, p 70
  29. ^ Hill, Robert Thomas. Geologic Atlas of the United States: Austin Folio, Texas. Reston, VA: U.S. Geological Survey, 1902
  30. ^ Wilbarger, J. W. Indian Depredations in Texas. Austin, TX: Hutchings Printing House, 1889, p275.
  31. ^ Wilbarger, J. W. Indian Depredations in Texas. Austin, TX: Hutchings Printing House, 1889 p. 139.
  32. ^ http://www.lcra.org/parks/natural-resource-areas/Pages/westcave-preserve.aspx
  33. ^ Balcones Canyonlands Preserve Land Management Plan, Tier III, The Westcave Foundation and LCRA, Westcave Preserve, Pedernales Macrosite, Travis County, 2007
  34. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  35. ^ "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  36. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  37. ^ "Language Map Data Center". Mla.org. 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  38. ^ September 28, 2010 (2010-09-28). "Property Taxes on Owner-Occupied Housing by County, 2005 - 2009, Ranked by Taxes as Percentage of Home Value (One year averages)". Tax Foundation. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  39. ^ Arny, Rose. Forthcoming Books - Volume 25, Issue 3. R.R. Bowker Company, 1990. p. 1513. "Dist. by: Bookstop. Inc., 6106 Baldwin, Austin. TX 78724 (SAN 630-4087)"
  40. ^ "Generalized Zoning Map." City of Austin. Retrieved on April 7, 2014.
  41. ^ Pletz, John. "Dell moving executives closer to Austin." (Alternate link) Austin American-Statesman. May 9, 2000. A1. Retrieved on May 4, 2010.
  42. ^ "Dell seeks to sublease Las Cimas offices." Austin Business Journal. Friday March 8, 2002. Retrieved on May 4, 2010.
  43. ^ Hudgins, Matt. "Dell space taken." Austin Business Journal. Friday May 9, 2003. Retrieved on May 4, 2010.
  44. ^ "Travis County Jail (TCJ)." Travis County Sheriff's Office. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  45. ^ "Criminal Justice Center (CJC)." Travis County Sheriff's Office. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  46. ^ "Travis County Correctional Complex (TCCC)." Travis County Sheriff's Office. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  47. ^ "Travis County (TI)." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Accessed September 14, 2008.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°20′N 97°47′W / 30.33°N 97.78°W / 30.33; -97.78