Trbovlje

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Trbovlje
Town
Trbovlje - ulica Sallaumines, stanovanjski bloki.jpg
SLO-Trbovlje6.JPGTrbovlje, delavske hiše.jpg
Left to right, from top: apartment block at Sallaumines Street,
Trbovlje Chimney, Miners' Houses
Trbovlje is located in Slovenia
Trbovlje
Trbovlje
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°09′N 15°03′E / 46.150°N 15.050°E / 46.150; 15.050Coordinates: 46°09′N 15°03′E / 46.150°N 15.050°E / 46.150; 15.050
Country  Slovenia
Traditional region Styria
Statistical region Central Sava
Municipality Trbovlje
Settled 1220s
Incorporated 1850
Government
 • Mayor Vili Treven (SD)
Area[1]
 • Total 12.6 km2 (4.9 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 307 m (1,007 ft)
Population (2013)[1]
 • Total 14,842
 • Rank 9th, Slovenia
 • Density 1,179/km2 (3,050/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
Postal code 1420
Area code(s) 03 (+386 3 from abroad)
Google Maps Trbovlje, Slovenia
Website www.trbovlje.si

Trbovlje (pronounced [tərˈbɔ̀ːwljɛ] ( );[3] German: Trifail[4]) is Slovenia's ninth largest town, and the seat of the Municipality of Trbovlje. It is located in the valley of a minor left bank tributary of the Sava River in central-eastern Slovenia.

History

Name

Trbovlje was attested in written sources in 1220–30 as Trefeul (and as Trevůl and Trevol in 1265–67, Triuella in 1302, Trifeul in 1325, Triueal in 1330, and Triuel in 1424). The name is a feminine plural noun in standard Slovene, but in the local dialect it is declined as a neuter singular adjective. This indicates that the name is derived from *Trěbovľe selo (literally, 'Trěbo's village'), referring to an early inhabitant of the place.[5] In the past the German name was Trifail.[4]

Mass grave

The Abandoned Cemetery Mass Grave (Slovene: Grobišče na opuščenem pokopališču) site, associated with World War II, is located in the former cemetery in the northern part of the town, between the fence and Trboveljščica Creek. It is also known as the Town Park Mass Grave (Grobišče Mestni park), and it contains the remains of about 30 German soldiers.[6]

Culture

The Trbovlje Museum (Slovene: Zasavski Muzej Trbovlje) has a large section dedicated to the history of mining.[7] The Slovenian industrial band Laibach also originated in Trbovlje.[8]

The Trbovlje Student Club organization (Slovene: Klub trboveljskih študentov) holds various events.

Economy

Trbovlje is known for its long coal mining history. The town was first connected to the Austrian Southern Railway in 1849, which contributed to its further development. Trbovlje is also known for Trbovlje Power Station, which is the location of European Union's tallest chimney at 360 meters.

Parishes and churches

Two Roman Catholic parishes have their seat in Trbovlje: the Parish of Trbovlje–St. Martin and the Parish of Trbovlje–St. Mary. Both belong to the Diocese of Celje.[9][10]

The Parish Church of St. Martin was originally a Romanesque church, of which part of the nave survives. The sanctuary is Gothic and in the 18th century a Baroque belfry and chapel were added. In the 19th century the nave was extended.[11] A second church of the Parish of Trbovlje–St. Martin in the western end of town is dedicated to Saint Nicholas and was built in the 18th century.[12]

The Parish of Trbovlje–St. Mary in the southern part of the town was established only in 2000. Its parish church is dedicated to the Virgin Mary, Mother of the Church, and was built from 1998 to 2000. The plans were made by the architect Jože Marinko, whereas the stained glasses, the paintings, and the Stations of the Cross were created by the academy-trained painter Lojze Čemažar. The church was blessed in August 2000 and consecrated in October 2007.[13]

A significant portion of Trbovlje's populace today describe themselves as atheists.[14]

Twin places

  • France Sallaumines, northern France. The two mining places are twins since 1964. There is a street in Sallaumines named Trbovlje, and a street in Trbovlje named Sallaumines. There are also regular exchanges of schoolchildren between them.[15]

References

  1. ^ a b "Trbovlje, Trbovlje". Statistical Office of Slovenia. 2013. 
  2. ^ "Height above sea level of seats of municipalities" (in Slovene, English). Statistical Office of Slovenia. 2002. 
  3. ^ "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Trbovlje". 
  4. ^ a b Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 4: Štajersko. 1904. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 58.
  5. ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, pp. 434–435.
  6. ^ Abandoned Cemetery Mass Grave on Geopedia (Slovene)
  7. ^ "Trbovlje Museum website" (in Slovenian). 
  8. ^ Laibach industrial band website
  9. ^ Parish of Trbovlje–St. Martin (Slovene)
  10. ^ Parish of Trbovlje–St. Mary (Slovene)
  11. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 3455
  12. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 3458
  13. ^ Šneberger, Boštjan (4 November 2007). "Sad sodelovanja" [The Fruit of Cooperation]. Druzina.si (in Slovenian). 
  14. ^ "Population by religion, municipalities, Slovenia". 2002. 
  15. ^ Rogelj, Ajda (5 April 2013). "Ali ste vedeli ... da so ulico v Trbovljah poimenovali Sallaumines" [Did You Know... That a Street in Trbovlje Has Been Named Sallaumines]. Rodna gruda (in Slovenian). Združenje Slovenska izseljenska matica. 

External links