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Trdelník (originally called Kürtőskalács) is a traditional Hungarian cake and sweet pastry, originally coming from Székely Land, Transylvania, which is home of the Székely Hungarians. It also is known within the culinary heritages of Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Austria. It is made from rolled dough that is wrapped around a stick, then grilled and topped with sugar and walnut mix. Nowadays, trdelník is again gaining popularity as a sweet pastry in Slovakia and the Czech Republic and is very popular among tourists.
Its Slovak version Skalický trdelník was registered in December 2007 as PGI (protected geographical indication) in the European Union. The registration application with the detailed description of the product was published in April 2007 in the Official Journal of the European Union.
The production of trdelník has a long tradition in the Slovak town of Skalica on the Czech border. Count József Gvadányi, a Hungarian general in retirement, settled down in Skalica at the end of the 18th century. He employed a cook from Transylvania who brought the recipe for trdelník and improved it into the final pastry nowadays known as Skalický trdelník.
The civil association Skalický trdelník was founded at the end of 2004 with the goal of keeping the tradition of the original open fire Trdelník production. The name trdelník comes from trdlo, the wooden stake the cake is wrapped around for cooking which gives it its traditional hollow shape.
Similar products in Europe
- Austria - Known in Austria as Prügelkrapfen
- Czech Republic - Popular under the name Trdelník
- Germany - Known in Germany as Baumkuchen
- Luxembourg - known in Luxembourg, called Baamkuch, has become a traditional dish served mostly on special occasions, such as weddings.
- Poland - Sękacz is a similar cake also cooked on a spit, normally over an open fire.
- Lithuania - Šakotis or Raguolis (Bamkuchinas as known in western part of Lithuania)
- Sweden - Spettekaka with the Protected geographical indication (PGI) registered by the EU
- Hungary, Romania - Kürtőskalács (Rom. cozonac secuiesc) is a similar cake also cooked on a spit.
- Slovakia - Skalický trdelník with the Protected geographical indication (PGI) registered by the EU
- Turkey - Known in Turkey as Makara
- Commission Regulation (EC) No 1485/2007 of 14 December 2007 registering certain names in the Register of protected designations of origin and protected geographical indications (Carne de Bísaro Transmontano or Carne de Porco Transmontano (PDO), Szegedi szalámi or Szegedi téliszalámi (PDO), Pecorino di Filiano (PDO), Cereza del Jerte (PDO), Garbanzo de Fuentesaúco (PGI), Lenteja Pardina de Tierra de Campos (PGI), Λουκούμι Γεροσκήπου (Loukoumi Geroskipou) (PGI), Skalický trdelník (PGI))
- Publication of an application pursuant to Article 6(2) of Council Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs – SKALICKÝ TRDELNÍK