Treasure Island (1972 film)
Australian DVD Cover
|Directed by||John Hough
|Produced by||Artur Brauner
Luis Bermejo Carrión
Andrés Vicente Gómez
François de Lannurien
Harry Alan Towers
Robert Louis Stevenson
Bautista de la Casa
O. W. Jeeves
|Music by||Natale Massara|
|Studio||Central Cinema Company Film
Les Productions FDL
|Distributed by||National General Pictures|
|Running time||94 min.|
Treasure Island is a 1972 motion picture film is based on the novel Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson. The film stars Orson Welles as Long John Silver, Walter Slezak as Squire Trelawney, Rik Battaglia as Captain Smollett, and Ángel del Pozo as Doctor Livesey. This adaptation of Treasure Island was released in several different language versions, each with a different director.
The film had its origins in Orson Welles's attempts to film his Shakespearean play Chimes at Midnight in the early 1960s – a project he had worked on since the late 1930s. After Welles had failed to convince numerous producers to finance his film, he tried an alternative approach: he wrote a screenplay for the more commercially appealing Treasure Island, and promised to make both films, back to back, filmed on the same sets and with the same cast, for barely more than the cost of one film. As well as having written the script, he proposed to direct Treasure Island and play Long John Silver. This approach worked; Spanish producer Emiliano Piedra agreed to finance both films, and colour filming on Treasure Island by Welles actually began in 1964 (while Chimes at Midnight was simultaneously shot in black and white). However, Piedra's interest in Chimes at Midnight was minimal,[clarification needed] and when Welles felt he was being given inadequate resources for the Chimes shoot, he began appropriating resources from Treasure Island to be able to complete the more cherished project. Treasure Island was thus effectively abandoned after a few days of filming. However, Welles remained contractually tied to the project as both actor and writer, and eventually, eight years later, he was brought in to make the film for the director John Hough. Once again, it was filmed entirely on location in Spain, with a Spanish crew. Welles was sufficiently dismissive of the rewrites to his original script that he asked not to be credited, taking the pseudonym "O.W. Jeeves".
Although in the 1960s Welles had much enthusiasm for making a version of Treasure Island, he apparently thought little of the eventual 1972 production. The poor quality of the sound in his performance is partly explained by his entire performance having been dubbed in one night in Rome while he was swigging from a bottle of white wine throughout the dubbing session. In 1979 Welles claimed his voice in the film was redubbed by another actor.
Jim Hawkins (Kim Burfield) is a young man who works at a pub with his mother (Maria Rohm). When a drunken old sailor named Billy Bones (Lionel Stander) comes in for a drink and dies, Jim gets his hands on an old pirate's treasure map. Immediately taking action, he then enlists the help of Squire Trelawney (Walter Slezak) and Dr. Livesey (Angel DelPozo) to join him as he locates the island on the map. Together, they join a ship lead by Captain Smollett (Rik Battaglia) that will lead them to their destination. When word of the treasure reaches the rest of the ship's crew, the ship's cook, Long John Silver (Orson Welles), convinces the rest of the crew to organize a mutiny in order to keep the riches for themselves.
- Orson Welles as Long John Silver
- Kim Burfield as Jim Hawkins
- Lionel Stander as Billy Bones
- Walter Slezak as Squire Trelawney
- Ángel del Pozo as Doctor Livesey
- Rik Battaglia as Captain Smollett
- Maria Rohm as Mrs. Hawkins
- Paul Muller as Blind Pew
- Jean-Pierre Berthomé and Francois Thomas, Orson Welles at Work (Phaidon, London, 2008) pp. 254, 257
- McBride, Joseph What Ever Happened to Orson Welles?: A Portrait of an Independent Career (2006) p. 228