The Treasury Board is the Government of Canada's only statutory Cabinet committee and is responsible for the federal civil service and much of the operation of the Canadian government. Among its specific duties are negotiating labour agreements with the public service unions and serving as Comptroller General. It is headed by the President of the Treasury Board and assisted by the Treasury Board Secretariat.
The Canadian Cabinet is arranged into several committees with varying responsibilities, but all other ones are informal structures and frequently change. The Treasury Board is the only one created by law (currently organised under the Financial Administration Act), and is officially a committee of the Privy Council. Its role in government makes it far more powerful than most Cabinet committees as it is responsible for "accountability and ethics, financial, personnel and administrative management, comptrollership, approving regulations and most Orders-in-Council". It is also unique in that its committee chair, the President of the Treasury Board, is a member of cabinet by virtue of holding that office—other cabinet committees are chaired by minister holding seats in cabinet by virtue of some other office. The Treasury Board is supported by the Treasury Board Secretariat.
- Chair: Tony Clement, President of the Treasury Board
- Vice-Chair: Rona Ambrose, Minister of Health and Minister of State (Status of Women)
- Jim Flaherty, Minister of Finance
- Julian Fantino, Minister of Veterans Affairs
- Bernard Valcourt, Minister of State (Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency Act) (La Francophonie)
- Maxime Bernier Minister of State (Small Business and Tourism)
There are also three "alternate members", who attend Treasury Board meetings in the event of conflicts of interest; these are currently the following:
- Julian Fantino, Minister of International Cooperation
- Diane Ablonczy, Minister of State of Foreign Affairs (Americas and Consular Affairs)
- Lynne Yelich, Minister of State (Western Economic Diversification)
- Steven Fletcher, Minister of State (Minister of Transport)
- Ted Menzies, Minister of State (Finance)
- Access to Information Act
- Auditor General Act
- Official Languages Act
- Privacy Act, 1983
- Security of Information Act
- "Financial Administration Act. Part I: Organization. Treasury Board". Department of Justice (Canada). 1985. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
- "About the Treasury Board". Treasury Board Secretariat. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
- "Treasury Board Members". Treasury Board Secretariat. Retrieved June 9, 2011.