Treasury Building (Washington, D.C.)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
U.S. Department of the Treasury
Treasury departement.jpg
The U.S. Treasury building designed by Ammi Burnham Young
Treasury Building (Washington, D.C.) is located in Washington, D.C.
Treasury Building (Washington, D.C.)
Location 1500 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C.
Coordinates 38°53′51″N 77°2′3.48″W / 38.89750°N 77.0343000°W / 38.89750; -77.0343000Coordinates: 38°53′51″N 77°2′3.48″W / 38.89750°N 77.0343000°W / 38.89750; -77.0343000
Built 1836-1842 (East Wing and Central); 1855-1861 (South Wing); 1862-1864 (West Wing); 1867-1869 (North Wing)[1]
Architect Robert Mills (East Wing and Central); Ammi B. Young and Alexander H. Bowman (South Wing); Isaiah Rogers (West Wing); Alfred B. Mullett (North Wing)[1]
Architectural style Neoclassical
NRHP Reference # 71001007
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 11, 1971
Designated NHL November 11, 1971[2]

The Treasury Building in Washington, D.C. is a National Historic Landmark building which is the headquarters of the United States Department of the Treasury. An image of the Treasury Building is featured on the back of the United States ten-dollar bill.

History[edit]

Image of the construction, showing construction of the front steps.

The East side and central wing were built between 1836 and 1842 by architect Robert Mills. The South Wing of the building, constructed from 1855 to 1861 by Ammi B. Young and Alexander H. Bowman, carried out the basic Mills scheme for such a wing. The West Wing by Isaiah Rogers, built between 1862 and 1864, and the North Wing by Alfred B. Mullett, built between 1867 and 1869, completed the building. The building suffered a fire in 1922.[3] It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1971.[2]

Civil War-era poet Walt Whitman spent much of his federal career working as a clerk in the Treasury Building. He was working at his desk the night of January 23, 1873 when he suffered a stroke, which forced him to leave Washington.[4]

Sculptor James Earle Fraser created the statue of Alexander Hamilton, the first Secretary of the Treasury, which stands in front of the southern facade facing Alexander Hamilton Place and The Ellipse beyond, and that of Albert Gallatin, the fourth and longest serving Secretary, which stands before the northern entrance.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b W. Brown Morton III (February 3, 1971). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: United States Department of the Treasury" (PDF). National Park Service.  and Accompanying five photos, exterior, undated PDF (32 KB)
  2. ^ a b "United States Department of the Treasury". National Historic Landmark Program. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  3. ^ http://www3.gendisasters.com/district-columbia/9139/washington-dc-treasury-building-fire-feb-1922
  4. ^ Peck, Garrett (2015). Walt Whitman in Washington, D.C.: The Civil War and America’s Great Poet. Charleston, SC: The History Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-1626199736. 
  5. ^ U.S. Department of the Treasury - Fact Sheets: Treasury Building accessed 26 April, 2014