Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1668)

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Areas gained and returned by Louis XIV in Aix, 1668

The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle or Aachen ended the war of Devolution between France and Spain. It was signed on 2 May 1668 in Aachen (French: Aix-la-Chapelle). Spain acceded on 7 May 1669.

The treaty was mediated and guaranteed by the Triple Alliance of England, the Dutch Republic and Sweden at the first Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle. France was forced to abandon its war against the Spanish Netherlands.

Spain had the cities of Cambrai (Kamerijk), Aire (Ariën aan de Leie) and Saint-Omer (Sint-Omaars) restored to it by Louis XIV.[1] Louis XIV also had to return the province of Franche-Comté.[1] Louis XIV was however allowed to keep Armentieres (Armentiers), Bergues (Sint-Winoksbergen), Charleroi, Courtrai (Kortrijk), Douai (Dowaai), Furnes (Veurne), Lille (Rijsel), Oudenarde (Oudenaarde, Audenarde), and Tournai (Doornik).[1]

The treaty left to France all her conquests in Flanders in 1667. This was a vague provision which, after the Peace of Nijmegen (1679), Louis XIV took advantage of to occupy a number of villages and towns he adjudged to be dependencies of the cities and territories acquired in 1668.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Phillipson (1916), p. 222.

References[edit]

  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • Phillipson, Coleman (1916 (2010 reprint)). Termination Of War And Treaties Of Peace. The Lawbook Exchange. ISBN 1584778601. 

Further reading[edit]

  • du Mont, Jean; Baron de Carlscroon, Corps Universel Diplomatique (Amst., 1726-1731).

External links[edit]