Treaty of Belgrade

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Political situation in 1739, after Treaty of Belgrade

The Treaty of Belgrade (Russian: Белградский мир, Turkish: Belgrad antlaşması, Serbian: Beogradski mir) was the peace treaty signed on September 18, 1739 in Belgrade, Habsburg Kingdom of Serbia (today Republic of Serbia), by the Ottoman Empire on one side and the Habsburg Monarchy on the other.

This treaty ended the hostilities of the two-year Austro-Turkish War, 1737-1739, in which the Habsburgs joined Imperial Russia in its fight against the Ottomans. With the Treaty of Belgrade, the Habsburgs ceded the Kingdom of Serbia with Belgrade, the southern part of the Banat of Temeswar and northern Bosnia to the Ottomans, and Oltenia, gained by the Treaty of Passarowitz in 1718, to Wallachia (an Ottoman subject), and set the demarcation line to the rivers Sava and Danube. "With Austria’s defection, the militarily successful Russians had to make a disappointing peace that same month: Azov, which they had captured, was to be demilitarized, Russia was to have no warships on the Sea of Azov or the Black Sea, and it was to depend entirely on Ottoman shipping for its commerce on the Black Sea".[1]

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