Treaty of Fontainebleau (1785)
The Treaty of Fontainebleau was signed on November 8, 1785 in Fontainebleau between Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II, ruler of the Habsburg Monarchy, and the States-General of the United Provinces. Based on the terms of the accord, the United Provinces was permitted to maintain sovereignty over the Scheldt Estuary. However, it had to provide several concessions to the Habsburgs including payment of ten million Dutch florins and dismemberment of certain military fortifications. Overall, the treaty confirmed and reinforced the tenets of the Treaty of Münster.
- Van Panhuys, H.F. International Law in the Netherlands. BRILL, 1978, ISBN 90-286-0108-2, p. 250. "The Treaty of Fontainebleau was concluded on 8 November 1785 between the Emperor of Austria and the United Provinces. It is true that according to this Treaty several concessions were made by the United Provinces, such as the dismantlement of certain fortifications and the payment of ten million Dutch florins - Florins Argent courant de Hollande - but the sovereignty of the United Provinces over the Scheldt Estuary and the closing of the Scheldt were reaffirmed, in accordance with the Treaty of Münster."